Characteristic Tomato Japanese Truffle
Tomato Japanese truffle slowly but surely conquers the tables of inveterate summer residents and experienced gardeners. To date, breeders have bred many different varieties. Looking at the photos of these "handsome", it will be very difficult to walk past the counter with their seeds in the store. Universal fruits are often used for conservation. Tomatoes have a dense consistency, which allows them to be stored for a long time. A complete description and description of this variety will help novice farmers make the right choice.
Characteristic Tomato Japanese Truffle
Tomato Japanese truffle refers to varieties that do not have a final growth point, that is, is terminal. Yields and ripening rates are average. Gardeners are most attracted to the unusual taste and unique look of the tomatoes themselves. Cultivation can be done both in open ground and in greenhouse conditions.
In any case, you will have to tie up the bushes, because even in an open area their height reaches one and a half meters. The variety of tomatoes Japanese truffle is presented in several varieties. They differ in the color palette of fruits, as well as in taste data. Tomatoes have the shape of pears, and their average weight is about 120 g. The following varieties are distinguished by the color palette:
- the black.
The characteristic of flavoring shades is different for all variations. However, almost all fruits are sweet with a sour note. Golden Japanese truffle has a deep sweet taste and therefore it is very often consumed as a fruit, not a vegetable. All types are perfectly stored and transported without significant loss, unlike other tomatoes. This feature makes them a great option for commercial activities.
Familiarity with the variations
Varieties of red truffle varieties have a rich red color, with a brown tint. They taste sweet with a characteristic acidity of tomatoes, which makes them a popular option for whole seaming, as well as cooking all kinds of sauces and dressings. Red truffle has a number of distinctive characteristics, thanks to which it won great sympathy of the hostesses, and therefore it is found more often than other truffle tomatoes in dachas and vegetable gardens.
Black Japanese truffle, contrary to its name, has dark brown fruits. Inveterate gourmets say that its taste is significantly different from other varieties, it is more sophisticated. The black tomato variety is most often used for fresh consumption.
Pink truffle tomatoes have a sweet touch. The consistency is dense, perfect for winter harvesting. Some people grow it as an ornamental plant. Golden tomato differs not only in its sweet taste, due to which it can be consumed as a fruit, but also in the color of the fruits themselves. They have a rich yellow color with a golden hue, and the weight of one fruit can reach 150 g.
Orange truffle has a rich orange tint. Tomatoes of this variety also differ in large dimensions, in ripe form they can weigh 250 g. It is used both for fresh consumption and for canning in the winter.
Advantages and disadvantages
Fruits are well stored
The description of the variety is still rarely found in popular editions of magazines for gardeners, but this does not reduce interest in it. The variety was bred back in 2000 in the Russian Federation. Reviews of those who have already managed to test and evaluate tomatoes are mostly favorable. Naturally, like other crops grown in Japanese tomato truffle gardens, there are disadvantages and advantages. Feedback on the benefits:
- high resistance to diseases;
- unpretentiousness in leaving;
- unusual appearance and taste;
- fruit density allows them to be stored in cool vegetable stores for 4 months;
- low susceptibility to mechanical damage allows the use of tomatoes for commercial activities.
Among the minuses, gardeners call the impossibility of making this tomato variety from tomatoes. In addition, the plant is too susceptible to sudden changes in temperature. The plant's brush is not strong enough, so often the bushes break under the weight of their own fruits.
To grow any type of Japanese truffle tomato in an open area, only the southern part of Russia is suitable, while in the middle lane you can plant them only in greenhouse buildings. In the northern regions, pink truffle will not stand even greenhouse content.
How to grow
Like other types of tomatoes, Japanese truffle is sown in the ground, and in the future, the characteristic of cultivation is divided into:
- seedling care;
- care for adult shrubs.
Before sowing seeds should be treated from all sorts of pests and diseases, for which they are soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate or use special chemicals for this, such as phytoerm and others. If you grow tomatoes on an open land, then the seeds should be sown in mid-March. Seedlings are planted in the ground at the end of May. If the tomato grows in a greenhouse, then the seeds are sown in February.
A seed mixture for seeds needs to be prepared in advance. Its composition should include sod, humus and sand in the proportions of 2: 2: 1. It is advisable to pre-fry the mixture in an oven in order to protect plants in the future from infection with diseases and pests. Seeds are planted in the ground to a depth of 1 cm, and sprinkled on top with a small layer of soil.
The plant needs to be stalked
Pots with seedlings should be placed in a dark place and kept at a temperature of 16. When the crops sprout, they should be moved to a warmer place, where more light penetrates. The temperature is raised to room temperature gradually. Plants begin to transplant into different containers when two leaves are already formed on them. Before transplanting Japanese truffle to an open area, the land should be prepared. It must be loosened and fertilized with minerals.
It is important to remember that transplanting to a new place, and especially from a pot to the ground, is always a stress for the plant, so before the procedure, the plants begin to harden a little so that they do not die from temperature changes. The ideal temperature regime of the soil to plant tomato is a Japanese truffle and pink and red and black, will be 13.
Care for adult shrubs
Bushes are planted to a depth of 20 cm, in increments of 40 cm. Only viable seedlings are planted in the ground. Ideally, tomato beds should be prepared from the fall, so that at the time of planting in the ground there is a certain amount of nutrients needed for the plants to survive and give a good harvest in the future.
Due to the fact that the Japanese truffle does not have a final growth point, and the bush can reach one and a half meters in height, the plant needs to be planted. After transplanting into the ground, stepsons - small leaves begin to sprout very quickly. They often merge with the trunk. They need to be removed to increase productivity. The thing is that small leaves take away too much juice and energy from the plant, and by removing them, you allow the plant to direct its forces to the growth of the fruit.
All plants, without exception, need regular watering. You need to water tomatoes almost every day, depending on weather conditions. In wet weather it is necessary to reduce the number of irrigations, in drought, water more often. Tomatoes are watered only with defended clean water heated in the sun. Water procedures should be carried out in the early morning, even before the sun rises high, or in the late evening, when it begins to set.
Periodically, weeding, loosening the soil and collecting weeds. Due to the fact that the bushes grow too tall, they are characterized by a quick hall of twigs, so it is recommended to immediately tie them to special supports. If the region in which you live is characterized by frequent temperature changes, you need to cover the plants with a special covering material or use straw for this. One of the important characteristics of tomato care for Japanese truffle is the timely regular feeding of minerals.
How can a plant hurt?
To be able to maintain and increase productivity, you need to know everything about the diseases of their crops. The variety description says that tomatoes are highly resistant to many diseases, especially fungal ones. As most people who cultivate the variety say, the plant is not really exposed to such diseases, but is susceptible to phimosis.
It appears brown spots on plants with black masses of fungus inside. Such lesions should be immediately removed, and not only the leaves, the stem, but also the fruit should be removed. In such cases, you can treat the branches and leaves with a fungicide, as well as reduce the frequency of top dressing with a high nitrogen content.
Dry spotting is rare, which can appear on plants immediately after transplantation into open ground. Dry spots appear on the leaves, round in shape. After infection, the leaves die off quickly and begin to fall off. To save the plants, you can use the preparations of Concento, tattu.