Characteristic of tomato Black Crimea
Each vegetable grower seeks to grow some kind of special tomato variety in his garden. After all, I want to collect a good harvest, while spending a minimum of effort. Experienced gardeners give preference to proven varieties of garden crops. For example, tomato Black Crimea won the recognition of vegetable growers almost twenty years ago. This tomato variety is not a hybrid, and it can be grown in almost any region of the country.
Characteristic of tomato Black Crimea
The name of these tomatoes combines the place of selection and the special color of the fruits. This plant first appeared on the Crimean peninsula. Therefore, the main characteristics of this culture are adaptability to hot summer days. It is at high temperature and good light that the fruits of such tomatoes surprise everyone with their almost black color.
In general, Black Crimea tomato meets the following characteristics:
- Mid early.
The ripening period of the fruit is not more than 3 months from the moment of the appearance of the first seedlings. During this time, the plant stretches 2 meters in height. In order for the bushes not to break, they must be tied to a trellis or any other support.
This garden culture requires the correct formation of the trunk, timely pinching.
Each brush can have an ovary of 5–6 tomatoes. With proper care, the yield of each bush exceeds 4 kg. On the Internet you can find this variety called Black Crimean tomato.
Features of the fruit
The fruits of the tomato from the peninsula have a slightly flattened shape. Ripe tomatoes weigh between 300 and 500 grams each. Fruits can vary greatly in weight. The largest gardeners are removed from the first brushes. Subsequent fruits are much smaller.
Crimean tomato has a very unusual color. At the ripening stage, tomatoes have a brownish-brown tint, with full ripening, the fruits become maroon. The pulp, which is particularly fleshy, depending on the degree of maturity, can have shades of green, red, black.
The fruits of this variety are not suitable for conservation
These tomatoes are distinguished by good taste. Sweet, with bright tomato notes and a pleasant aftertaste, fruits are recommended to be consumed fresh or used to make sauces and juice. Unfortunately, such tomatoes cannot be stored for long. Therefore, it is not worth preparing any preservation from them.
This variety does not cause difficulties in agricultural technology. The most important thing is to observe a few rules:
- Correctly determine the timing of planting seeds for seedlings.
- Ensure suitable temperature conditions.
- Maintain the required level of illumination.
The tomato variety Black Crimea is suitable for growing both in a greenhouse and in open ground. If the region has a warm climate, then the seeds can be sown in open ground at a permanent place in late May. If the climatic conditions are not so generous, it is better to sow seeds for seedlings 60-65 days before planting the plant in a permanent place.
The soil for the tomato should be light, sufficiently moistened and saturated with all nutrients.
Experienced vegetable growers are advised to pre-heat the earth either in an oven or soak in a freezer. Seeds before planting should be soaked in warm water for one day. This is done in order to accelerate the process of emergence of sprouts.
In a box with prepared soil, grooves are made with a depth of not more than one centimeter and tomato seeds are lowered into them at a distance of 2 cm from each other. Then sprinkle them with earth, cover with a film and leave in a dark and warm place. The first shoots should appear after 3-4 days.
Now boxes with seedlings can be put on the illuminated windowsill, and it is better to organize additional lighting. Be sure to keep a balance between watering and fertilizing. In order not to accumulate excess moisture, it is worth taking care of the ventilation of the room where the boxes with seedlings are located.
Planting sprouts in a permanent place
Two-month shoots can be planted in the greenhouse
The next stage in the development of tomatoes is the transfer of sprouts to the beds in the greenhouse. This can be done 2 months after the appearance of the first seedlings. At this time, the sprouts already have 3-4 leaves, and the height of the plant reaches 20 cm. Those sections on which cucumbers, cabbage, and melon grew are selected for tomato beds. It is not recommended to plant tomatoes in those beds where pepper, tomatoes, and eggplant grew last year. Moreover, if you plan to grow tomatoes in one stalk, then no more than four shoots can be planted per square meter. If the plant will be formed with two stems, then for each square meter of beds it is recommended to plant only three sprouts.
Now you need to organize proper care of the plant. This is as follows:
- The formation of bushes.
- Regular watering.
- Balanced feeding.
Since the plant stretches very high, it must be properly formed. If the bush is planned with one stem, then after the upper inflorescence is fully opened, it is necessary to pinch the top of the shoot. In this case, two leaves should remain above the flower, which will supply the fruits with nutrients.
If the plant is formed in two stems, then in addition to the main one, you need to leave one of the side shoots. At the same time, 5 inflorescences are left on the main stem for fruiting, and from 2 to 4 brushes on the second one. After that, pinch the top.
For the correct formation of the bush, it is necessary to ensure the garter of the plant. This requires twine and stakes. Garter of tomato bushes should be carried out throughout the entire period of plant development. Yellowed leaves, as well as all lower leaves to the first brush with fruits, must be periodically removed.
In order for all the fruits to ripen, you must not allow unnecessary load on the bushes. To do this, all lateral shoots in the axils of the leaves are removed. It is advisable to carry out stepsoning during the development of the first leaf on the shoots. At this time, they easily break off. If stepchildren already have several leaves, it is recommended to cut them with a knife.
The first watering of the plant is carried out immediately after planting it in a permanent place. Further tomatoes are watered no more than twice a week. It is advisable to use settled water for irrigation. During the flowering period, the amount of water per bush should be increased to five liters, but during fruiting, so that the peel does not burst, the water flow for each bush should be reduced to three liters.
The first time the culture is fertilized with nitrogen two weeks after transplantation. The next feeding should be after 7-10 days. At this time, phosphorus and potassium must be added. During the flowering period, you can spray the plants with a solution of boric acid, and during the fruit setting season, treat the bushes once again with superphosphate.
Diseases and Pests
The official description states that Black Crimea tomatoes have a high degree of resistance to various pests and diseases. But prevention will never be superfluous. For such events, you can use any of the tools that are offered in specialized stores.
Tomatoes Black Crimea conquer all vegetable growers from the first planting. Such tomatoes are easy to grow in their suburban area. And productivity will please even the most demanding gardener.