Characteristic of a Decorative Curly Pear
Today, orchards are quite diverse. All trees bring abundant harvests of juicy fragrant fruits. But few people know about such a beauty as a decorative curly pear. This is a unique culture. It brings a touch of elegance to the exterior. Inedible fruits that are formed on the culture, only add sophistication. A decorative pear can be used as a hedge, as an original decoration of a personal plot.
Characteristic of a Decorative Curly Pear
Description of pear decorative
A decorative pear came to us from China. She did not get much distribution in our region, because she needs special care. This tree belongs to the medium, its crown has the shape of a cone. Beautiful green leaves in the fall become bright red.
The flowers of the decorative pear are quite large, tender white. The fruits are unattractive, brown. Such fruits cannot be stored or preserved. They are characterized by light bitterness. Because of what they do not have nutritional value.
Decorative curly pear feels great in sunny areas. It is able to withstand frost up to -250С. Therefore, this tree is not popular in the northern regions, where winters are much harsher.
Fruit crops can be either annual or perennial plants. Decorative beauty demonstrates a high degree of resistance to diseases and pests.
In our region, some varieties of culture are more popular:
- Kalera Shantikler;
- European version - Beach Hill;
This variety of curly beauty is quite widespread in China. It can be found on the banks of ponds and on the slopes of small hills. In the early stages of development, the tree has a narrow, columnar crown. As the crown grows, it becomes wider and more spreading.
The color palette of the leaves is rich. From dark green in the summer to yellow, orange, bright red in the autumn. Snow-white flowers form clusters. They strewn the whole tree. Leaves bloom at the same time as the plant blooms profusely.
A huge number of small fruits are tied on a tree. Each diameter is less than 1 cm. They can be eaten.
Kalera Shantikler is not whimsical to the composition of the soil on which it grows. If, however, you choose a plot with loose and nutritious soil for planting a decorative beauty, then the tree will sparkle with brighter colors. It easily tolerates long periods of drought. Its main purpose is the creation of hedges, green arches and other interesting forms that adorn the exterior.
Beach Hill is found in the European part of the mainland. The crown of the tree has the shape of a pyramid. Each leaf looks like an egg. Light green ellipsoidal leaves reach a length of 8 cm. In autumn, the tree is painted in bright yellow or orange.
White inflorescences appear on the culture in late April - early May. The fruits of this variety of ornamental culture have a rounded or ordinary pear-shaped shape. In diameter, each of them can reach 2.5 cm. Such fruits are eaten without heat treatment. They have a sour and tart taste.
The root system of a decorative beauty has the shape of a pillar that grows inland. Beach hill plant in a well-lit area, but the plant shows good growth results and in partial shade. The soil should be nutritious, calcareous. Affected by frosts that occur in late spring.
The plant has a fairly strong trunk and a powerful branching structure. Thanks to this, it is able to withstand strong, gusty and prolonged winds. Easy to take root in urban environments. Beach Hill loves moisture, is not afraid of waterlogging the soil. It can grow almost 150 years.
The height of the trees of the Ivolistnaya variety does not exceed ten meters. In representatives of this culture, the crown has the shape of a huge egg. Its diameter can reach four meters. The loosestrife is characterized by a large number of thorns on the branches. Young trunks have a reddish hue; as the tree grows, the bark darkens and cracks.
Narrow leaves grow up to 9 cm in length. During blooming, the color of the leaves is silver-gray. As they grow, their color changes to silver-green. Short petioles of pear leaves give the impression that they form a single whole with branches.
Curly beauty undemanding to the composition of the soil. The flowering period of the plant begins in April. It can continue until the end of May. Flowers are collected in inflorescences of 8 pieces.
Pear fruits are harvested from September to October. Such fruits are not suitable for heat treatment.
We grow a decorative pear
Growing up won't bother you
To grow a decorative beauty is quite simple. An annual climbing crop is easily cultivated from seeds. To get healthy and strong plants, you need to choose the right terrain and quality seeds.
Pick the seeds
Plant growth begins with the preparation of seed material. When selecting seeds, follow the advice of professional gardeners:
- To grow a tree, take only whole, undamaged shifts.
- For planting, take seeds in late autumn from cut freshly ripened fruit.
- Rinse the seeds well in hot water.
- Dry them with paper towels.
- Pack them in a bag, tightly close.
- Leave in the refrigerator for 3 months.
Choose a site for future beauties in an open, well-lit place. Give preference to small hills and hills. The desirable neighborhood is a small body of water.
Dig the ground in the selected area and at the same time spread organic fertilizers. Get rid of weeds and spill the bed well with hot water.
Starting in January, you can start germinating pear seeds. To do this, remove them from the refrigerator, at room temperature, let them heat up. Disinfect with a solution of manganese.
Then sprout the seeds. In the container, line the bottom with gauze or cloth. Spread the seeds on it. Fill with liquid. Water should saturate the fabric well. Do not let the seeds float.
After a few days, the seeds will hatch. Drop them in tofopergny pots. Pour and cover with cling film. Leave in a warm place until emergence. After the first sprouts appear, remove the film. Observe timely watering. When the weather is warm, take the trees to the prepared areas.
Plant the decorative curly pear according to the following instructions:
- Dig a hole.
- Pour superphosphate, humus and lime into it. Observe a ratio of 3: 1: 5.
- Set a pot with seedlings.
- Sprinkle with soil, compact.
- Be sure to water the plant. Use warm and settled water.
Plant each sprout in a separate hole. According to this scheme, trees are planted with cuttings. If there is not enough space on the site, you can plant a decorative pear on any tree.
Caring for a decorative pear
Highlights in the future care of the decorative beauty:
- moderate watering;
- sufficient lighting;
- timely top dressing;
- prevention of diseases and pests;
- crown formation.
Properly organized care of the seedlings will be the key to beautiful and strong trees in the garden.
In our region, a decorative beauty is not widespread. This is due to the fact that the cultivation of such a plant requires milder climatic conditions. Subject to certain rules, this culture is able to revive the landscape landscape and create a unique beauty in our area.