Causes of spots on the ficus
Ficuses are unpretentious plants that feel great at home. However, sometimes due to improper care or proximity to infected flowers, ficuses can become sick. There are several reasons why the ficus has spots on the leaves.
Spots on ficus leaves
Causes of Stains
The appearance of brown spots on the ficus usually means that the flower is infected with something. But there are other factors that cause rusty, dark or light spots on the leaves of the ficus . This process can cause the age of the flower, its location in the apartment. Among the reasons also distinguish:
- low-quality lighting, because of which the bush does not receive the required ultraviolet;
- a small percentage of air in the room, because of which the root system does not receive the desired percentage of oxygen;
- improper watering;
- lack of useful substances;
- poor-quality soil (the crown becomes sticky and becomes covered with yellow, white or brown spots).
- improper watering: you can not overdry the land in which the ficus grows, or overmoisten it.
It is best to put the pot in a place lit by the sun, as the ficus is photophilous. In this case, direct sunlight should be avoided so that the plant does not receive a burn.
Pests and diseases are another problem that can cause yellowing of the crown, the appearance of black dots on the leaves or brown spots on the stem and leaves of the ficus.
Stains and yellowing
Yellow leaves appear due to reduced humidity in the room. Most often, this phenomenon is observed in the cold period: the room is heated, due to which the air is greatly dried. A plant can suffer especially severely if it stands next to a device that generates heat (fan, battery). This is the reason why in a heated period a flower pot should look for another place. Also, the leaves may become sticky.
Dry air adversely affects leaves
Another precaution is to regularly spray the leaves with a spray bottle. If the plant has already been damaged in order to reanimate, it must be sprayed every 6 hours.
The second factor that can affect the bush is experienced stress. To avoid this effect, it is advisable to find the optimal location for the pot, and not drag from place to place.
If the leaves and the stem of the flower begin to turn yellow, and then fall, the root system lacks useful substances and trace elements. In this situation, there is only one way: transplant the flower into a new pot. Soil with a peat base, sheet soil and, of course, sand should be purchased.
Falling yellow leaves may also indicate that there is too much water in the ground, which means that the root system takes in excess water and eventually begins to rot. To prevent this from happening, the earth should be watered only when the soil dries out at least 3 cm from the surface. If you give the plant too much water, it can dry out.
If the leaves began to fall off very strongly, the flower should be urgently transplanted, but before that it is necessary to cut off all the dead and decayed roots, and let them dry.
Fallen leaves at the bottom of the trunk
If the leaves have fallen at the bottom of the trunk, the bush is already aging.
If the ficus is young, but began to lose leaves from the base of the stem, the norms of fermentation were violated. To restore the flower, it should be transported to new soil.
To prevent black, brown and white spots from appearing on the leaves, prevention should be given. It begins with the implementation of proper plant care.
Ficus loves water, but it must not be poured - the soil must be watered when it dries a little. To understand how dry the earth is, you need to take a fork, stick it in the ground, slightly loosen it. If it is about 3 cm dry, the soil can be moistened. It is ideal to water a flower once a week, no more and no less. When it’s hot - 2-3 times a week. All water flowing from the pot into the stand must be poured back into the bush.
At the first appearance of brown spots and stickiness on the leaves, the flower must be washed.
To give the flower beauty and originality, it should be constantly trimmed. Today, there are several types of pruning: a pyramid, an arc, etc. Thin branches and those that do not produce leaves must be removed immediately. Trimming and plucking a flower is desirable 2-3 times a year.
If you keep the ficus correctly and keep it away from drafts and dry places, the risk of death will be reduced by 2 times. It is also necessary to adhere to the rules of ficus transplantation so that it does not die.