Causes of Poor Pepper Growth

Pepper is a vegetable belonging to the nightshade family. It is appreciated due to its rich vitamin and mineral composition. Making some mistakes, gardeners have to face the fact that pepper grows poorly.

Causes of Poor Pepper Growth

Growing seedlings

Strong seedlings are the first secret to growing success. But it needs to be grown correctly. Initially, the seeds are soaked for 5 hours in moderately hot water until they swell, then wrapped in a soft tissue for 2-3 days so that they hatch. This provides quick shoots. Floated seeds do not plant.

The sown seeds are abundantly watered and placed in a greenhouse made of glass or polyethylene. Before emergence, they are placed in a warm place with an optimum temperature of 22 ° C, lighting does not matter. When the pepper has risen, the temperature should be between 10-15 ° C at night and 26-28 ° C during the day.

Heat and photophilous plant provide moderate watering with warm water, organize additional lighting. Seedlings should be in a well-ventilated area, but without drafts, with sufficient humidity.

Particular attention is paid to seed quality. Usually on packages with them indicate the expiration date. Do not neglect this, since with each year the germination of seeds is reduced.

Why seedlings do not grow after transplanting

Properly selected soil and transplant time is the second secret to success.

Sprout adaptation

So that the plants do not get stress when planting in the soil, the seedlings are gradually adapted to the growing conditions: they lower the temperature, reduce the lighting. When the seedlings become strong, and about 10 leaves and several buds appear on the shoot, it is time to plant in open ground. The most suitable time for transplantation is the end of May-mid-June.

Soil preparation

For normal pepper growth, the soil must be fertile, warm, rich in nutrients and humus, light and well permeable to water. Heavy soils complicate the growth of young plantings. Sometimes when growing bushes on loam, roots are bent due to stagnation of moisture. In this case, special ditches are made around the perimeter of the garden for the outflow of rainwater.

A week before planting, the soil is well treated with copper sulfate to prevent infection with the fungus.

Holes cannot be deepened; seedlings are placed in them with a lump of earth to preserve the integrity of the root system, otherwise it will take root for a long time and grow slowly.

Care Organization

If the pepper does not grow, the reason may be inadequate care for it. The basic rules are as follows:

  • timely watering;
  • top dressing seedlings;
  • pinching and pruning;
  • heat protection;
  • weeding.

Watering

Proper watering affects plant development

Water the seedlings immediately after planting in the ground, repeat the procedure after 4-5 days, and then, if there is little rain, water once every 10 days, until the first harvest. Then they take a short break and resume watering with the appearance of a new color. Watering after harvesting is required, otherwise the pepper weakens and stops growing.

Top dressing

The first feeding is carried out when a pair of leaves is formed on the shoot, after 2 weeks - the second, the last - 2 days before planting in the ground. During the season, plants are fed 2-4 times chicken droppings, as well as the foliar method, using mineral fertilizers. This helps to improve the growth of green mass and accelerates the ripening of fruits.

Pruning

Stepson, that is, remove side shoots, it is necessary in hot and humid weather. 3 times a month and after harvesting, pruning of the shoots is carried out below the main fork of the stem. The longest branches that obscure the plant are subject to pruning. Spending too much effort on forcing out the shoots, the bush is able to stop growing.

Other pepper growth factors

The main mistakes made during cultivation:

  • Untimely disembarkation. Seedlings are planted in open ground when the air temperature reaches 20-25 ° C, otherwise there is a developmental delay.
  • Lack of lighting. If pepper grows in the shade, the plant becomes tall and thin, poorly developed, easily broken by the wind. Little fruit is tied on it.
  • Deep or shallow immersion in the soil. The root neck is located near the surface of the soil, otherwise the seedlings stop in development.
  • Damage to the roots during transplantation. Seedlings are planted by transshipment, trying to save a lump of land. Damaged roots grow back for a long time, and this inhibits the growth of the aerial part.
  • Unsuitable temperature. Heat above 35 ° C and coolness provoke shedding of flowers and stunting.

Some varieties are not intended for cultivation in certain climatic conditions. So, varieties that feel good in the southern regions grow poorly and bear fruit in the north. Due to the short and not very warm summers, cold-resistant varieties are planted there.

What diseases should be feared

With high humidity, gray, white rot or alternariosis appears on the fruits. These diseases deplete the vitality of pepper and lead to inhibition of its vegetation.

The causative agent enters the plant through tissue damage, so the fruits with mechanical damage are removed in order to prevent mass infection.

When growing pepper for several years at the same place, you should beware of soil diseases: late blight, fusariosis and verticillosis. It also depletes the soil, and pepper does not grow normally on it. If the plant is affected, its leaves and shoots begin to fade, stop growing. After a few days, the bush dies. For treatment, chemical treatment of the aerial parts of the plant is used.

Sometimes stimulants are used for a comfortable existence of pepper. When used, the plant grows faster and develops better.

Conclusion

Creating conditions for thermophilic plants is a laborious process. If the pepper does not grow, you need to identify the cause as soon as possible, while the bush is slightly behind in growth from the rest of the plantings.

If the size difference is very noticeable, it is better to remove the plants from the garden, as harvest from him, you can no longer wait. Sometimes all planted bushes grow poorly. If even after normalizing the conditions for their growth, nothing changes, the point is in poor-quality planting material.

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