Causes of orchid bud drop
Orchids are considered whimsical plants to care for. The home flower is sensitive to temperature conditions, humidity and even planned transplantation or reproduction. For flower growers, the situation is when the buds of an orchid fall. There are many reasons for this, and all require a solution.
Causes of orchid bud drop
The most common type of flower is considered phalaenopsis.
All the reasons why buds are crumbling (sometimes even not blooming) are the same for all types of flowers.
The main reasons why phalaenopsis drops buds:
- proximity to unwanted fruits or plants;
- change of temperature, humidity, lighting;
- incorrect watering;
- fertilizing fertilizers during flowering;
- stressful situation (transplant, relocation);
- natural old age.
Some reasons why the orchid bud withers cannot be solved. Some require analysis and adjustment.
The reason why orchid buds fall off is improper watering.
From overflow or underfilling, the flower prematurely drops buds. This is due to decay or dryness of the root system. A flower gradually dies; it has no strength for flowering.
To avoid this, observe the flower irrigation schedule. To determine when a culture needs water is simple: they touch the ground with a finger. Moist soil does not require watering, moisten dry.
Temperature, humidity, lighting
These 3 factors are key to keeping a plant home. At the slightest violation of conditions, the flower discards leaves and flowers. In poor conditions, the buds of an orchid will not bloom, and those that appear over time will dry out and disappear.
Optimum performance for the plant:
- Temperature - from 20 ° C to 27 ° C will be the best for the plant. In winter, the flower is at rest, and in spring and summer it blooms. Both lowering and increasing lead to the fact that the buds of orchids fall.
- Humidity should not exceed 75%. A high level of moisture leads to a change in plant behavior, accelerated decay. Insufficient entails drought.
- Lighting is an important part of flower care. If leaves or flowers have fallen when the orchid was standing on the windowsill under direct rays, this means that they burned out. Also, with a lack of light, the plant decides not to bloom, and the buds, without blooming, fall off. When the bud withers, it can no longer be reanimated.
Create favorable conditions for the flower
To avoid falling buds, they take care of creating favorable conditions (especially in summer and winter):
- In summer, they clean the flower in a cool room, but do not put it under air conditioning: drafts also cause the ovary to fall. Avoid the scorching sun, put the flowerpot in a bright, but slightly darkened place.
- In winter, the flower is not placed near heating appliances. Heaters and batteries heat the air and lower the level of humidity. Avoid staying plants in low temperature conditions, especially at subzero temperatures.
During the move, it is imperative to prepare in advance conditions similar to the previous ones. A change of scenery adversely affects the flower, and the orchid's buds fall.
Additional reasons that orchids drop buds are old age, late feeding, transplantation and improper proximity:
- The buds of an orchid that was fed during the flowering period fall. This is fundamentally wrong: during this period, the flower is full of strength and does not perceive fertilizers.
- Transplanting is a common reason why orchids drop their buds prematurely. If the ovary fades or the flowers do not bloom, the plant does not fit the new soil, conditions or has a period of adaptation.
- Orchid prematurely drops buds if it has already passed the age of active flowering. Signs of old age: she threw off the lower leaves, appear and fall, not blossoming, ovaries of flowers; leaves turn yellow and fall off.
- Neighborhood with other plants. It is believed that the flower does not tolerate ripening apples, bananas and tomatoes. Clearly negatively affects the plant tobacco smoke.
Phalaenopsis is considered to be 4-5 years old. The plant may refuse to bloom due to illness. In order to identify signs in time, preventive measures are taken.
How to help a plant bloom
Some orchids need to be placed in a stressful situation so that they begin to bloom. It is created only for flowers that have ceased to bloom, although the conditions have remained unchanged. In summer, try the following:
- On a warm night (about 16 ° C) the flowerpot is taken out to the balcony. He is left there until morning. Then return to the previous conditions.
- If the plant is resistant to weather conditions, it is kept on the balcony for 2 weeks in good weather. The watering and spraying regimen remains the same.
- In the period before the proposed flowering, reduce the amount of water in the irrigation. This slightly dries the roots and stimulates them to bloom.
All these methods are tried when objective reasons are excluded.
If the plant is old, weak or in adverse conditions, a stressful situation exacerbates the situation, leading to death or flower disease.
If the buds dry and crumble in the plant, this indicates improper care or the old age of the orchid. It is important to create the optimal temperature regime, humidity level and adjust the lighting; to feed and transplant in periods favorable to the plant.
Also, the flower buds disappear if he recently experienced stress or was in adverse conditions. Old age occurs after 4-5 years of active flowering.