Causes of milk with blood in cows
Milk with blood in cows means that the animal has inflammation of the mammary glands. Often this is a consequence of delayed afterbirth or mastitis. If the cow has blood in milk, it is necessary to start its treatment as soon as possible. Breast diseases can occur after calving and can cause significant damage to the body.
If the cow has blood in milk
Why does breast inflammation appear
First of all, if you notice blood in the milk of a cow, you need to find out the reasons in order to choose the right treatment regimen. The main reasons:
- disturbances in the work of blood vessels;
- damage to the skin of the udder.
The health of the animal must be treated responsibly. Having noticed blood in milk, you should immediately contact your veterinarian to establish the correct diagnosis. Delay with treatment is not worth it. It happens that later treatment leads to the death of a cow.
When the reason for the presence of blood in the cow’s milk is a bruise, the plasma will be present for a short time, and not the entire milking, for example, only at the beginning. The affected quarter may be edematous, and blood clots will not come out well. An important point in this case is the complete discharge of all bloody secretions, otherwise the plasma will grow to the inner surface of the quarter and reduce productivity.
To stop the blood, you can use drugs for intravenous administration, for example, calcium chloride in a ten percent solution. With minor bleeding, you can use a folk remedy, for the preparation of which you will need:
- nettle leaves;
- shepherd’s bag.
Take 100 g of a mixture of these herbs and pour 2 liters of boiling water, boil for 2 minutes. The broth is given to the animal several times a day for a week. After about seven days, you can begin to massage the udder gently with gentle movements.
Often, after the birth of the calf, cows develop mastitis. The inflammatory process can progress in several parts of the udder at once. The pretext may be the ingress of pathogenic microorganisms from the floor, an unhealthy diet, and inflammation of the uterus.
For the acute period of the disease, the following symptoms are characteristic:
- lack of appetite;
- inflammation and swelling of the affected quarters of the udder;
- the amount of milk is reduced during milk production.
A venerable symptom is the presence of blood in cow's milk. If you do not treat inflammation of the nipples in cows, soon the milk will disappear altogether, and the udder will harden. After determining the causes of inflammation, the cows are not released into the pasture, they put a litter softer on them and control the diet, and the fluid intake is halved.
How to properly treat mammary glands with mastitis?
Milk should be removed every couple of hours so that blood clots come out faster. In this massage, you need to rub camphor oil or ichthyol ointment. In order for the blood to come out sooner, the animal is allowed to drink water with Glauber's salt in a ratio of 400: 8000.
During the course of therapy, it is necessary to wrap up the mammary glands. First, they are washed or wiped with a damp, warm cloth dipped in a solution from a tablespoon of honey and 100 g of alcohol, then wrapped in a woolen scarf and tied. It is advisable to make a compress for the night.
So that the inflammation does not capture even larger areas of the udder, the animal is given a blockade and antibiotics are given. All procedures are performed by a veterinarian. Therapy should only be under the supervision of a specialized doctor.
How to prevent the appearance of mastitis
In order not to cause problems with the mammary glands of the cow, she must be kept clean and serious about her health. The room in which the cow is kept should be insulated and well ventilated. It is important to remember the proper care of the udder. Before and after milking, the mammary glands should be wiped with a warm, damp cloth and wiped dry with a towel.
It is necessary to monitor the state of health and pay attention to the behavior of the pet. In case of improper aggressive milking, as well as in the pasture, the animal can be injured, then subcutaneous hemorrhage appears on the udder, which eventually leads to swelling, the appearance of seals and pain.
Violations in the work of blood vessels and damage to the skin
When milk comes with blood from cows, this may be a symptom of a bursting vessel. In this case, blood clots are not observed in the milk, it becomes dark pink. Most often, in a few days everything will normalize, but do not leave it to chance. It is better to maintain the health of the pet and serve vitamins, calcium and hemostatic agents. A consultation with a veterinarian will not be superfluous in order to exclude other serious ailments.
Cracks in the nipples may appear due to improper care. The dermis dries quickly and microcracks appear. If they are ignored, soon the nipples will swell and become covered with large cracks, which will lead to hemorrhage and severe pain.
To prevent the appearance of damage to the skin of the nipples, it is necessary to rinse well and wipe the udder dry. After water procedures, the nipples should be lubricated with petroleum jelly. If it is not, then you can make the ointment yourself. To make it, you should heat a glass of vegetable oil and add a couple of spoons of paraffin, bring to uniformity the mixture in a water bath.
Another symptom that provokes the appearance of blood in milk is condylomas on the nipples. They arise due to improper care of the mammary glands. When the skin is overdried, cracks appear in which the infection penetrates and warty growths form. You can remove them only with the help of surgical intervention.