Cauliflower Alpha is an early ripe high-yielding variety that has an excellent presentation. Due to its excellent taste and high content of nutrients, it is widely used for cooking.
Alpha is an annual spring plant belonging to the cruciferous family. According to the description, it has a short ripening period (75-90 days). Average yield from 1 square. m - from 3.5 to 5 kg. Plant height reaches 30-50 cm. It is characterized by a high content of sugars, vitamins, folic and ascorbic acid, potassium, carotene.
Cauliflower Alpha cold-resistant. She is steady against a black leg and keel. According to the characteristics, it is possible to grow in seedlings and direct sowing in open ground. Harvest of this variety can be harvested from early spring to late autumn.
Description of a head of cabbage
Cauliflower Alpha has a compact head with medium-sized inflorescences. Large dark green leaves protect the head from external influences.
Description and structure of the head:
- flat-round shape;
- the surface is round-hilly;
- average weight - 1.2-1.5 kg;
- high density;
- White colour.
Alpha cabbage is grown for marketing and home use. The vegetable is universal in use.
Cultivation and care
Cauliflower should not be grown in the area where radish, radish, turnip and other cruciferous plants grew before that. Vegetable crops can not be grown in the same place for 3-4 years. Good predecessors for it are onions, legumes and pumpkins, cucumbers, root crops.
Growing cauliflower Alpha is possible in several ways:
- Sowing seeds for seedlings - mid-March, further replanting in open ground until the end of April.
- Hothouse cultivation - sowing April 15-25, transplant in May.
- Sowing in open ground under a film shelter - from the third decade of April to the first decade of May.
- Sowing in open ground without shelter - since the beginning of May.
Seedlings after the appearance of 2-3 full leaves are planted in the soil on the beds. To improve the condition of the soil and obtain a better crop, the land allocated for planting vegetables is prepared in advance: humus, superphosphate, ammonium nitrate, and potassium sulfate are added. Seedlings are planted at a distance of 40-50 cm from each other to a depth of 2 cm.
At the beginning of ripening, cabbage heads shade. To do this, break several top sheets and tie into a bundle. This preserves the white color and dense structure of the inflorescence.
Watering and loosening
Plants need cultivation
Alpha is a moisture-loving vegetable crop. Watering depends on weather conditions. In the first half of the growing season, water consumption is 20-30 liters per 1 sq. Km. m, in the second - 30-40 liters. Plants in time loosen and spud. As a rule, this is carried out after watering.
They recommend regular feeding and treatment for diseases and pests. During the growing season, vegetable crops need top dressing, especially if the soil is not rich in micronutrients. The first top dressing is carried out 10 days after the seedlings are transplanted into the open ground, nitrogen fertilizer is used: 25 g per 1 sq. m. The second - in the same manner, 2 weeks after the first. The third - at the beginning of the maturation of the heads, fertilizers based on nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are used.
Cleaning and storage
From planting seedlings to harvesting a full crop, 60 days pass. Harvesting an early variety of cauliflower takes place from the third decade of July and lasts until the end of August. The heads are cut off as they mature, removed together with 3-4 protective sheets. If you overdo the plants in the garden, they will decay into inflorescences.
A healthy and strong plant after cutting a head of cabbage can give a second crop. On young shoots and axillary buds, new heads are formed. Of the young shoots, 1-2 of the largest are left, the rest are removed. They are also watered and fed. The heads of the second crop reach a mass of 300-350 g.
Cabbage can be stored for up to 3 weeks, for this it is collected together with the root structure, the peeled roots are hung upside down in a cool place. Cut cabbage is kept in the refrigerator for a week.
Pests and diseases
The most common pests are cabbage fly, aphid, moth, scoop. In the fight against insects, biological preparations, as well as a mixture of tobacco dust and wood ash, help. It is necessary to remove weeds and plant debris after harvesting in time and observe crop rotation rules.
Alpha is resistant to the black leg and keel. The greatest harm to the vegetable culture is caused by vascular bacteriosis - a dangerous bacterial disease. Bacteria affect cabbage at all stages of development, from seedlings to maturation of the head of a head of cabbage. In order to protect plants from such a disease, pre-sowing seed treatment is carried out: seeds are poured with hot water (50 ° C) for 20 minutes, and then dipped in cold water for 5 minutes. After transplanting seedlings in open ground (after 20-25 days), seedlings are treated with planriz.
Early ripe cauliflower Alpha has excellent taste, has a high content of sugars and minerals. It is suitable for fresh consumption and for cooking. Plant care is simple. It has a strong immunity to disease.