Cattleya Orchid Growing
Cattleya Orchid is the name of a subspecies of large-flowered orchids that attract attention with the vibrant color of delicate flowers. About 40 varieties of Cattleya are counted. The plant is capricious, so he needs to ensure proper care.
Cattleya Orchid Growing
Necessary growing conditions
Growing a flower requires a lot of time and effort. He must provide a certain temperature and light conditions, a normal level of humidity.
Cattleya hybrid is grown on window sills in the southern part of the apartment. They need a lot of light. With a short daylight, hybrid flowerpots are additionally highlighted. The lack of light is indicated by the dark green color of the leaf plates, when it is abundant, they become pale yellow. The lack or excess of light affects the intensity of the color of the buds. The daylight hours for each variety vary. On average, it should be 12 hours, but they focus not on this norm, but on the state of the flowerpot.
Do not allow direct sunlight to hit the flowerpot.
Cattleya Orchid feels great at room temperature from 20 ° C to 25 ° C during the day and from 16 ° C to 20 ° C at night.
Do not allow overheating of the leaves. If in summer the temperature rises above normal, the pot is wiped several times a day with a damp cloth. Also, at least every 2 days the plant is showering. After the shower, the flowerpot is left in the bathroom so that excess moisture leaves the pot. For active flowering, it is monitored that the night temperature is 5-7 ° C less than the daytime, so the flowering periods fall in spring and autumn. Sometimes, in order to force the flowerpot to produce buds, an artificial difference is created between the night and daytime temperatures.
At elevated temperatures the formation of the peduncle does not occur.
The optimum temperature during the day from 20 to 25 ° C, at night from 16 to 20 °.
Cattleya undemanding to humidity. This makes it easier to care for them. In order to provide flowers with comfortable conditions, during the warm period of time, water is poured into the pan. If the room is low humidity, install units that increase air humidity, spray the flowerpot. When spraying, water should not fall on the buds.
Cattleya Care Secrets
If you follow simple rules, caring for this variety of orchids will not be a hassle.
Cattleya orchids love water, so they are often watered. The substrate must be constantly moist. During irrigation, water should not fall on the stems of the plant. After the orchid has bloomed, the amount of watering is reduced. In the same period, the substrate is sprayed. After flowering ends, the covers mature in which the flower stalks are laid.
In winter and early spring, they make sure that during irrigation water does not fall on the leaves of the flowerpot, otherwise brown spots appear on them.
Monthly, the substrate is washed with running water. In this case, the flower is not taken out of the pot.
Phalaenopsis needs top dressing, which is carried out after the flowering of flowerpots. During this period, the growth of pseudobulbs (false bulbs) occurs, on which the plant spends a lot of strength. After the growth of pseudobulbs is over, the pot is no longer fertilized. The second series of dressings is produced during the growth of the peduncle. As soon as the flowering period has begun, top dressing is stopped.
Root and Leaf Care
Cattleya Orchid has a developed root system. Inspect the roots of the plant: they periodically die off. During the transplant, plants at home get rid of dead roots. Rotten or damaged areas must also be removed.
Orchid Care Rules
No less carefully monitor the leaf plates. Dust is removed from the leaves and examined for parasitic insects. When spots of any color appear, they are disassembled, which caused this phenomenon.
Cattleya orchid is transplanted every 2 years. This process is stressful for the plant. The soil, consisting of pine bark and sphagnum moss, is carefully prepared. The bark is taken in small and medium fractions. 2 days before the phalaenopsis transplant, the bark is placed in water. After time, the water is drained, and the bark is washed.
A layer of gravel is placed in a pot intended for planting phalaenopsis, whose height is 2 cm. Expanded clay is an alternative to gravel. A layer of gravel is covered with bark, a small amount of polystyrene is added to it. After that, the orchid is placed in the pot and sprinkled with bark with sphagnum moss. So that moisture does not leave the substrate so quickly, a little perlite is added during transplantation.
At home, it is easiest to reproduce by dividing the bush. Orchid does not tolerate transplant, these procedures combine. Reproduction is carried out during the formation of new roots.
First, the flower along with the substrate is removed from the pot. To make the procedure less traumatic for the roots, the substrate is soaked. For this, the plant for 30-40 minutes. placed in a container of water.
Reproduction occurs during the formation of new roots
After time, the root system is freed from soggy bark and substrate. It is also done in water. Then produce disinsection of the roots by sprinkling them with ash or crushed coal. If neither the first nor the second is at hand, use cinnamon. After drying the roots produce the division of the plant. Each new bush should have at least 3 bulbs and a maximum number of roots. The roots are reprocessed with ash. On this reproduction is completed by division, it remains to plant the bushes in pots.
All instruments used are pre-sterilized.
Reproduction is carried out using children who have their own roots and 2-3 leaf plates. The baby is separated from the bush, for 120 minutes. soaked in a growth stimulator and planted in a separate pot. The planting of the baby is carried out in the same way as the planting of an adult plant.
Growing a baby does not have specific features. Cattleya, grown from children, have all the qualities of a parent bush. To help grow children, the flower is treated with cytokinin paste. Cut sections of phalaenopsis are disinfected. It is difficult to grow phalaenopsis at home from seeds.
Cattleya live about 8-10 years. Depending on how the cultivation occurs, the life span of phalaenopsis increases or decreases. Sometimes flowers survive to 15-17 years.
Common growing problems
Cattleya hybrid has some difficulties in growing:
- Diseases and pests cause the flowering to cease. Most often, phalaenopsis is affected by scale insects and spider mites. Insects are disposed of with gentle insecticides. Folk remedies are ineffective in pest control.
- If phalaenopsis cannot bloom, it either lacks certain trace elements or there are too many of them. Most orchids need magnesium.
- With the accumulation of moisture in the basal part of the flowerpot covered with scales, the stalk decays. The damaged area blackens. The affected elements are cut with a sharp knife and disinfected.
- In case of non-compliance with the conditions of the content, root system build-up does not occur. To normalize the growth process, it is necessary to water the plant in a timely manner and provide it with a light regime. In parallel, growth stimulants are used for phalaenopsis.
- Orchid is affected by fungal infections, which are eliminated with antifungal drugs. With fungal infections, the leaves turn brown or dark spots appear. Previously, all damaged parts of the plant, including roots, bulbs and buds, are cut and sprinkled with ash. Of the fungal diseases, the most common are gray and black rot, anthracosis and mosaic disease. If the disease is not treated in a timely manner, the plant dies. Resuscitation in advanced cases does not help.
- If the flower stalk dries before buds appear, phalaenopsis lacks water, light, or nutrients.
- If the plant has wrinkled leaves, it lacks moisture, roots begin to rot or air humidity is lowered.
- If leaves wither on Cattleya, overheating or damage to the roots occurs.
- The appearance of cracks on pseudobulbs indicates an excess of nitrogen.
There are Cattleya of various kinds. According to the structure of sheet plates, they are divided into univalent and bifacial. A single-leaf orchid is characterized by the formation of 1 leaf plate on each bulb. The bifolia Catalea is characterized by the formation of 2-3 leaves on each bulb.
Moss phalaenopsis is noteworthy, one flower of a pink or lilac color which reaches 13 cm in length. The Forbes orchid is the least demanding on the conditions of detention.
Phalaenopsis Varshevich has white side lobes and a purple cylindrical core. The length of the bulb sometimes reaches 30 cm.
There are different types of Cattleya
Petite Cattleya looks brightly. Its petals have a deep pink or purple color.
The white Cattleya, which produces a large bud, is also popular. Blooming buds of Terry Cattleya attract attention with wavy edges of the petals. It is easy to grow Cattleya Schroeder at home, which has white petals and an orange or yellow core.
Cattleya species such as Astilba, Godetia, Lueddemanniana, Eagle Eye, Nobilior, Cardiad, Triana, Dinard, Arends, Blc also attract attention. Patum Green, Black Jack, Flask, Labiate, Queen, Tuberidia, Nardotto, Evergarden, Violet, Baudelaire, Greenflower. A description of each of the Cattleya phalaenopsis species is located on the seed box.
Blue phalaenopsis obtained by staining - in the second generation, the orchid will give white buds.
With proper care, Cattleya pleases with long and friendly flowering twice a year. For residential premises, the least capricious varieties are chosen that feel comfortable in conditions of normal humidity.