Breeding rabbits at home
Breeding rabbits is a popular and profitable activity. Many newly-minted farmers are attracted by the opportunity to earn on breeding pussies at home. That's because at first glance these animals are a bonanza for a novice businessman.
Breeding rabbits at home
Breeding rabbits at home is a good idea. With the right technique, this brings good money: animals are quickly bred, their meat and fur are expensive, so such a business will cover all costs in excess of a year. But a similar outcome is possible only with the correct maintenance and breeding of pets.
In order for incomes to become a reality at home, it is necessary to learn as much as possible before buying eared ones. Without knowing how and which breed to choose, how to care for pets, how to feed them, where to keep and how to properly breed rabbits at home, you won’t make big money. Not observing these elementary rules, there is a risk of encountering pet diseases.
Where to get
You need to buy animals from farmers who have been breeding for a long time: this gives a wide selection of quality individuals. Also, such sellers are able to give a large number of tips on caring for rabbits and their breeding. Separately, they are able to dwell on the problem of proper breeding of rabbits for their development accordingly. Responsible breeders can clarify any information regarding animals.
For faster breeding, it is necessary to pay attention to adults, not rabbits. By adult rabbits, it is more accurately seen which breed they belong to and whether they meet all the necessary requirements.
For breeding and raising rabbits, it is recommended to buy more females: one male is enough for 10 rabbits.
Species of rocks
Before buying, you need to decide on the purpose of breeding rabbits as a means of obtaining meat, fur or both, and on this basis choose a breed.
Those aimed at selling meat need meat breeds, which include:
- Russian ermine rabbit;
- New Zealand White;
- Gray Giant.
Breeds for fur
Those who want to sell rabbit fur should pay attention to the White Down Bunny. Angora rabbits also have good fur. Fur of Silver and Vienna Blue breed is quickly sold.
Breeds for meat and fur
There are breeds that when breeding produce both fur and meat, these include:
When buying, you need to pay attention to the health of the animal. The rabbit must have a movable large body, shiny hair without bald patches. Ears should stick up (not in lop-eared breeds) and be pink inside. The nose of a healthy individual is mobile, the teeth protrude forward.
The abdomen should be soft, and the back should be even, the genitals pink.
Breeding decorative meat rabbits is mainly done in cages.
This method is the most common, since such a dwelling can actually be installed in any convenient place, while the rabbits will be protected from cold and rain.
Advantages of keeping rabbits in cages:
- It’s easier to monitor rabbit health. This helps to prevent the death of a large number of individuals from infection.
- It’s easier to feed and clean animals.
- It is easier to reproduce individuals.
- The only acceptable breeding option for obtaining fur: wool when kept in a single cage does not deteriorate due to possible fights and dirt.
Cell Maintenance Rules
Cages must be protected from rain, snow and wind, otherwise the immune system is weakened in pets.
The floor is made of mesh: this will help with cleaning. The structure itself should be somewhere 73 × 62 × 45 cm for one animal. The walls of the dwelling are made of wood with a width of 1.5 cm. Bowls for food and drinkers should be installed in cages so that the animal easily gets to them, while not polluting.
Keeping the cells outdoors is only better in the warm season. For winter, it is advisable to transfer animals to a warm barn.
The pit method is the closest to the natural conditions for keeping rabbits, and therefore pets in such develop better, breed and have more developed and strong immunity.
For breeding about 20 rabbits, a depression of 1 m is necessary, the width of which is 2 × 2 m.You do not need to dig pits for pets, rabbits themselves will do it, but they need to prepare their home: strengthen the 3 walls of the pit with wooden boards, leaving only one under the holes.
It is better to keep rabbits in a pit way in the basement or cellar. Indoors, it is advisable to make light and place several feeders against the wall. Even in winter, pets will be warm there.
Pros and cons of pit content
Among the advantages of the pit content, it is noted that rabbits feel more comfortable and reproduction occurs faster than in cages. Cleaning here needs to be done much less frequently.
The following factors are considered disadvantages:
- Unsuitable, if the goal is to obtain fur: in such an environment, the wool deteriorates, becomes dirty and rough.
- Animals mate without human supervision, which is why there is a high risk of bonds between close relatives, which leads to a decrease in breed.
- The difficult process of cleaning and feeding.
- The rapid spread of infection.
The pit method of keeping is not suitable for places where groundwater flows: moisture accumulates in the pits, as a result of which rabbits get sick.
For successful breeding of rabbits, you need to carefully prepare for mating. First, it is advisable to determine its appearance: group or steam room.
Selection of a pair is made taking into account the age of the eared. The best fit is a male from 5 months to 3 years and a female from 9 to 10 months. Both partners must be ideal representatives of their breed, meet the standards.
Basic rules of mating
To understand that the rabbit is ready for mating is easy by her behavior: she becomes overly active, does not eat. The female genitals become very visible and pink. It is advisable to let the female only an active, moderately well-fed male, who before that had no more than one mating.
It is the female who needs to be planted, and not vice versa. Before mating, it is important to thoroughly rinse the entire cage, it is advisable to remove all unnecessary from it. After that, the male and the rabbit are put there.
At the end of the mating, the male falls on its side and makes a squeak or rumble.
The process is repeated after 5 days, but with another male. If during the second mating, the female shows aggression towards the male, she most likely already carries rabbits, and therefore there is no point in insisting on mating.
Nutrition during mating
Before mating, rabbits should be fed 3 times a day, but do not overfeed. Also, a little salt, fish oil and about 2 grams of chalk should be added to the feeder. The diet should include barley grains, carrots, potatoes, silage, oats, bran, hay. In the summer, it is important to add fresh grass to the menu.
Pregnant females are characterized by increased appetite and do not admit males to themselves. Already these signs give a signal to the farmer about the upcoming addition to the farm.
Another way to determine the rabbit’s pregnancy is as follows: you need to take the female in her arms and touch the bottom of her abdomen. If bulges are felt somewhere around 3 cm, the female is pregnant. A similar test is carried out on the 15th day after mating.
Before giving birth, the rabbit makes a nest and lays litter out of its fluff.
Caring for a pregnant rabbit
Nutrition during pregnancy and during feeding should also be varied. Nursing or pregnant females should be fed 3 to 5 times a day.
How to feed pets in such a crucial period? Nutrition should be more fortified than other individuals. The diet should include root crops, grain feed and vitamin supplements. It will also be useful for rabbits to feed dandelion, sorrel, cereals and chalk. It is not worth giving freshly picked grass: rabbits begin to have diarrhea. 5-7 days before the birth of the offspring, silage and hay should be excluded from the diet of the female.
Eared drinkers should always have fresh water
If the pet has no appetite, its coat has lost its luster, and the temperature is above 39 ° C, it is sick with an infectious disease. The first safety measure is to put the infected animal from everyone else in a separate cage in order to protect the rest of the pets. The next step is to invite a veterinarian to examine the animal.
Often common diseases are transmitted by rodents, so when keeping eared in the basement, do not leave food open. It is necessary to tightly close all the holes through which the mice penetrate.
Disinfection of the premises is recommended at least 1 time per week with the use of special tools. From mold on the walls, many farmers treat the room with lime, but before that you need to consult a veterinarian whether it is safe for pets or not.
From birth, you need to conduct preventive examinations and show pets to a specialist at least 1 time in 6 months. Many diseases are easier to cure at the initial stage.
The mistakes of inexperienced farmers
Many beginner rabbit breeders make the simplest mistakes in breeding rabbits: they forget to change the water in the drinking bowls, they don’t clean the cages at all and they don’t change the litter there, they don’t go to the veterinarians for vaccination against diseases, they don’t know how to handle a pregnant or lactating female, they feed the eared place cells in places where it is constantly hot or constant drafts.
If you do not follow the basic rules for keeping rabbits, then the livestock will soon become ill and die out. The profitability of the entire enterprise will be very, very doubtful.