Breeding and keeping Andalusian blue chickens
The Spanish Andalusian blue breed of chickens was bred in the 19th century. Breeders managed to get this breed by crossing white and black minor with a fighting rooster of blue color. The result of the development is birds with good egg laying, beautiful, original color and passionate disposition.
Breeding and keeping Andalusian blue chickens
The description of Andalusian hens includes several distinctive qualities:
- the bird has a harmonious constitution, the weight of the laying layer is about 2 kg, the rooster - 2.5-2.7 kg;
- earlobes are elongated, white with a smooth surface;
- the face is reddish;
- eyes are round, brown;
- light skin, almost snow-white;
- the surface of the paws is light yellow with a blue tint;
- the beak is a small, bluish hue;
- the crest is leaf-shaped, in hens it is lowered to the face, in roosters it is erect.
The neck and torso are elongated, the chest is of medium width. In males, the tail is located at an angle of 90 ° with respect to the skeleton.
The abdomen and chest area have a lighter plumage than the back and mane. Unusual feathers - steel blue with a dark border.
Where can I buy
Hatching eggs, young animals or adult chickens can be purchased at several poultry farms in Russia - Kurkurovo, Merry pock, Poultry village.
The cost of seven-day-old chicks is 300 rubles, for two weeks - 350 rubles. The price for one hatching egg is 200 rubles.
Very often it is necessary to observe the picture when only 50% of the offspring of the entire brood are obtained with blue plumage, the second half with white or tar color.
Genetics affects tone changes. This breed has two genotypes - black and blue. Therefore, when crossing birds with different colors, chickens can turn out to be diverse:
- part of the chicks (about 50%) will carry a combination of 2 genes;
- a little more than 15% will turn out with black plumage;
- a quarter - blue individuals with light inclusions, which are also called splash.
When crossing the last two, the probability of obtaining young animals with a saturated blue color is almost 100%
Andalusian chickens possess not only beautiful and unusual coloring, but also a cocky character similar to Spanish.
In the absence of a threat, they behave calmly, in the case of a stranger, they begin to show aggression.
In such situations, the rooster dominates the chickens and acts as the protector of the entire livestock. In order to avoid a commotion in the henhouse, they need to be properly planted and carefully approached the procedure for completing the family. Since any stress can negatively affect the productivity of laying hens.
Birds of this breed are slow and easy to contact with humans.
Chicken does not differ in performance from other breeds.
Growth and development in this breed is exactly the same as in other varieties.
The first egg-laying begins at the age of 6 months. In one year, one chicken can carry up to 180 eggs, some more - up to 200 eggs. But this rarely happens.
All of one egg varies from 50 to 60 g. The surface is white, durable.
Do not breed this breed just for the sake of meat, because chickens do not have much weight compared to broilers. The meat of young individuals is of the greatest value - it has a delicate taste and there is practically no fat in it.
Life expectancy is 9-10 years, but a decrease in egg production can be observed already at 4 or 5 years of breeding.
You can keep hens until they die, but with age they begin to get sick more often and their productivity drops significantly. Therefore, experienced breeders recommend replacing every four years.
Advantages and disadvantages
The description of this breed includes several advantages:
- high decorative qualities;
- relatively good egg production;
- good survival in chicks is about 93%, in adults - 87%;
- great taste of meat and eggs.
She has several disadvantages:
- the desire to hatch chickens and further maternal instinct are poorly developed, so incubators are often used to breed birds;
- deformation of the ridge, which leads to a loss of decorative appearance;
- the breed is very rare and expensive - a weekly chick costs about 300, a two-week-old 350, an incubation egg - 200 rubles .;
- afraid of cold and sudden changes in temperature.
Keep birds in a dry, spacious and warm room with good ventilation and without drafts. Calculation of the place is carried out as follows - at least 2 individuals allocate at least 1 m².
If the area is smaller, the risk of developing diseases and parasites is high. At a lower density, they will freeze in the chicken coop.
The bottom of the floor is covered with sheets of tin to exclude the possibility of penetration of rodents. Then it is whitened with slaked lime to prevent the appearance of fungal infections. A thick layer of straw, dry peat or large sawdust is laid upstairs.
The laying of the flooring is carried out in dry and sunny weather, otherwise it is saturated with damp and can quickly mold. Change the litter no more than 1 time per year.
Chicken droppings and feathers that fall on the floor help maintain the proper humidity in the room.
To eliminate the risk of injury, adult individuals are set to not too high perches - up to 50 cm from the floor surface.
Ventilation and lighting
It is important to provide good lighting lasting 12-13 hours per day. Illumination should not be too bright or dim. Suitable diffused daylight, which can be created by lamps.
The second important condition is good ventilation. Every day, the room is ventilated by opening the window, door or cover, depending on the type of construction.
In the absence of air exchange, the risk of developing pathogenic bacteria and microbes in a musty chicken coop is high.
The optimum temperature regime for the content of chickens is about 25 ° C. There should be no drafts that contribute to sudden changes in temperature and cause colds in birds.
Place for walking
Chicken is kept in a confined space.
The description of the Andalusian blue breed of chickens includes good productivity, subject to daily walking. Therefore, you need to take care of the place for walking chickens and roosters in advance.
The walking area is fenced with a high fence and a net is pulled on top, because this bird is able to take off high. The soil is sown with grass of cereal crops in order to provide hens with green fodder in the future for the summer.
Due to increased aggression and temperament, keeping together with other breeds is not recommended. Frequent brawls can cause injury and lower productivity for both varieties.
In the chicken coop, it is necessary to install feeders and drinking bowls, convenient and affordable for each individual. This breed has a good appetite and eagerly eats any food. The diet includes:
- industrial feed;
- leftover food from the table;
- Wet mixers prepared in fish or meat broth with vegetables and cereals are served warm.
In the summer, they increase the amount of greenery, reducing the rate of grain and other feed of the winter diet. To increase egg production in the off-season, hens are given germinated wheat, barley, rye. Such feeding contains many vitamins and minerals. Additionally, hens are given gravel, shellfish, sunflower cake, legumes, fish and meat and bone meal.
Water needs to be changed daily in drinking bowls, especially if it is a simple open top tank. It should be fresh and clean.
For convenience, many breeders use nipple or groove designs in which the liquid remains quality longer.
Breeding in the chicken coop is a rarity, so breeders use incubators.
An important condition for successful hatching is the selection of quality eggs. Only fresh ones are selected (not older than 5 days) without cracks, with a flat and smooth surface. It is better to use medium-sized instances.
Egg fertilization is quite high - about 95%. After laying and until the brood appears in the incubator, a certain mode is maintained - in the first 7 days 40 ° C, all subsequent weeks are reduced by 1 ° C. During the incubation period, the eggs are inverted 3-4 times a day daily.
Hatched chicks are kept in a dry box at a temperature of 25 ° C with diffused daylight.
Feeding of young animals
Feeding begins after the gun has dried, when the chickens become active. The first dish is boiled and chopped chicken egg.
From the third day of life, they are fed with cottage cheese, small herbs and cereals. Young individuals eat often, so they need to be fed at least five times a day.
Up to three weeks of age, chicks require a large amount of protein, which strengthens bone tissue and prevents the development of rickets - minerals, dairy products, fish oil, and yeast are introduced into the diet. Additionally give coarse, pre-calcined sand.
Instead of water, glucose (5%) is given for the first 3 days to strengthen immunity and increase activity. All subsequent days offer clean, fresh water at room temperature.
The main care for the chicks is to ensure a stable temperature regime within 25-27 ° C, good illumination for at least 10 hours a day.
Sawdust or straw, which is changed every five days, is used as flooring in the box. On sunny days, you can walk them in the fresh air.
Starting from 2 weeks, chickens are transferred to the diet of an adult - they give crushed feed. From the age of two months young animals begin to be kept in a common herd.
The Andalusian breed of chickens has good immunity against diseases, only if the conditions of detention are violated with high humidity, dampness and in the cold, they get a cold.
To maintain the health of adults and young individuals, it is necessary to maintain these indicators at the right level. Young growth is vaccinated at an early age.
During molting, avitaminosis develops in birds, so the diet should be especially rich and balanced.
The opinion of the breeders
Breeders of this breed leave positive feedback:
- many take this bird because of the unusual color and high decorativeness;
- others are pleased with its good egg production and excellent taste of meat and eggs;
- For beginner poultry farmers, experienced farmers recommend buying young growth with a high survival rate.