Breed of chickens Spaniard Golosheyka
Hens of the Spaniard Golosheyka attract the attention of poultry houses and ordinary townsfolk with their neck completely naked without a single feather. In the photo and video, the feathery looks very original, and for the few farmers, among whom it gained popularity, Ipanka became a source of domestic eggs and chicken meat.
Chickens of the breed Spaniard Golosheyka
About the naked breed
The domesticated chicken in Spanish territory is one of the most common four, which are united under the general name "Spanish breed of chickens." In addition to holosheynnyh, it includes Minorca, Belolitsaya and Blue Andalusian. Spanish Minorca has been bred for over a century. The characteristic of Belolitsa is similar to Minorca, they are often confused in the photo. Andalusian from Minorca and Belolitsa is distinguished by a blue color.
Golosheyaya in Russia appeared, thanks to the Hungarians and Romanians. Initially, the goloshechnye Hispanics were called Transylvanian. In Hungary and Romania, representatives of the breed are often called the Semigrad Golosheyka, since the place is called Semigradier.
In many poultry houses, the lack of plumage on the neck in individuals of this species is associated with defects, therefore, in the domestic agricultural poultry industry such a breed is not particularly common, being more decorative than domestic egg-meat direction.
Some experts believe that the birds from Spain received the naked neck due to the dominant gene transmitted through generations, which may be responsible for the lack of feather follicles in chickens. The unevenness of the feather coating in chickens is laid in the embryonic period, they are born naked, and this can be seen in the photo. The absence of plumage is steadily transmitted to the younger generation even when crossed with other breeds.
The name of the Spanish breed of chicken more than ever accurately indicates the most distinctive feature in the description of the appearance of poultry. The cervical region and goiter of these hens are completely devoid of plumage. Over time, the younger generation of the skin on these featherless areas coarsens under the influence of the environment, skin folds and redness appear there. In the process of molting in naked hens, the upper skin is renewed.
However, on the head and in front of the cervical spine of the Spanish chickens there is plumage in the form of a cap and a bow, respectively.
Many in the description of the appearance of Spanish-looking hens with a bare neck see a neck, others compare pets with turkeys.
At the same time, some other parts of the body of the Spanish women are not covered with plumage:
- without a pen there were small sizes of the shape of a triangle, sections in the inner region of the legs,
- areas under the wing are not covered.
The presence of plumage-free areas called aptheria is a characteristic feature that meets the standard of the described individuals. The larger their number, the closer to the standard. The description of the breed Spaniard Golosheyka also includes other distinctive features that distinguish them from other chicken representatives:
- short stature and rectangular constitution of physique with a slight elevation of the body and a rounded chest
- well developed muscles
- wings not adjacent to the body, slightly lowered down,
- short yellow or gray paws,
- small size located at a 15-degree angle with respect to the body of the magnificent tail, composed of large braids.
The color of the plumage of chickens of the breed Spaniard Golosheyka can be varied: dark (black or brown), light (white or with streaks).
Among the disadvantages that are not allowed for representatives of the breed:
- dark iris, which should be orange-red,
- black front part
- white earrings, for them an acceptable color is red,
- the presence of feathers in the neck and on the inside of the legs,
- yellow shade of the skin in places without plumage, they should be red.
The chickens of the Spaniard Galosheyka are similar to turkeys not only externally. Their meat taste also reminds turkey - juicy and tender.
Laying eggs of the nubile breed start from about six months of age with a frequency of once every 2-3 days. Initially, in the first year, the egg production is on average about 180 pieces, but the number in the second year is reduced to 150 eggs. Each egg with a brown shell weighs 55-60 g.
the breed of chickens of the Spaniard Golosheyka is characterized by rather high survival rates of young birds, reaching 94%.
As for the amount of meat obtained from the Spanish breed, the weight of an adult naked broiler rooster is from 3 to 3.5 kg. Bare-necked hens weigh a little less - from 2 to 2.5 kg.
In most countries, chickens are used as the genetic basis.
Breeding conditions and house reviews
The conditions for keeping, feeding and caring for the breed of naked hens are not particularly different from the rules for breeding other farm birds.
In order to provide the birds with useful substances necessary for growth and development, the birds rations should include cereals, vegetables, and bone meal that are familiar to chickens. In addition, eggshells and chalk, especially chickens, can be included in the diet for calcium to enter the body. To normalize the digestive processes, many houses add sand to the feed.
The lack of plumage on some parts of the body of the chickens of Hispanic Golosheek does not affect their ability to tolerate cold. Their inherent natural resistance of the body allows birds to withstand temperatures up to 0 ° C, but the most optimal temperature regime for them will be 12-15 ° C. The absence of drafts and proper humidity will allow keeping chickens without diseases.
In the process of breeding goloshnevnyh chickens, it must be remembered that the Spanish chickens are hatched artificially in incubators, since the golosheki do not seek to hatch offspring. Growing and feeding Spanish chickens is similar to caring for chickens of other breeds.
Advantages and disadvantages of the breed
Reviews of poultry houses that have a Spanish breed of chickens in their households highlight the pickiness of birds in both nutrition and content. By the nature of the breed, the Hispanic Golosheek breed is flexible and lively with other poultry. Among the shortcomings of the breed is only an unattractive appearance, so not everyone is in a hurry to buy such a bird for their farm.