Breed of chickens Master Gray
Master Gray chickens belong to meat-egg breeds, which are most convenient to breed in private courtyards. This Cross was bred at the experimental farms of the Hubbard company, which has been creating new chicken branches for more than a century, and then Curry Master Gray acquired Russia. Breeding countries - USA and France. In France, they are sometimes called the "Master Grizz". Roosters and hens differ not only in good productivity, but also in their beautiful appearance. This can be easily verified by examining the birds in the photo or their description. Have chickens Master Gray positive reviews. The only drawback is that when crossing, full crosses of the breed are not obtained.
Hens Master Gray
Master Gray chickens were bred through complex crosses. This is not a full breed, but a cross. It is impossible to obtain offspring that would fully comply with the standard at home, so you need to buy chickens at serious poultry farms. So there is a guarantee that a real representative of the cross is purchased.
There are two lines of this cross: M and S (almost like in dress patterns). Cross Master Gray M received from the crossing of chickens Red bro M with the cocks of the Master Gray. Cross Master Gray S - by mating Red Bro S chickens with Master Gray cocks. All Red differ in speed of weight gain.
Cross Master Gray breed of chickens has a very beautiful plumage, which looks great in photos and videos. It is called pockmarked, motley, gray or shell. The basic tone is grayish, which is randomly interwoven with white feathers. The pattern is clearly expressed in the neck, on the tips of the wings and on the tail. In the area of the case, the pattern almost disappears, white and gray colors merge with each other.
Characteristics of chickens Master Gray and a description of the appearance are as follows:
- the head is mediocre, with a large, curved hook-shaped beak;
- leaf-shaped scallop, with pronounced denticles;
- round earrings;
- the color of the scallop and earrings is bright red;
- the neck is mediocre, densely covered with feathers;
- the body is large, but rather compact;
- the body is muscular and massive;
- the back is expanded;
- the chest is well developed, muscular;
- paws are powerful, mediocre in length, with yellow metatarsus.
You can look in more detail at what Master Gray looks like in the photo. These large roosters and hens are not only very productive, they can become an ornament of any yard, almost like the Sunday breed of Ameraukan. No wonder the birds consistently receive positive feedback from their owners. Saturated color of a proud scallop silk chintz feathers strong body real beauties and beauties.
The task of the breeders when creating the Master Gray breed was to associate the high egg productivity of a laying hen with a large body weight of hens and good meat quality. As a result, we managed to do it, the product characteristic of the cross is as follows:
- the mass of roosters is 6-7 kg, the weight of the hens is 3-4 kg;
- egg production - 200-300 eggs per year;
- egg weighs 60-70 g;
- eggshell cream or brown;
- the survival rate of small chickens is 98%.
Master Gray cross layers begin to lay their eggs as early as 4-4.5 months, as the best egg breeds. The productivity of chickens can fall 7-8 months after birth, due to molting, but after a couple of weeks it resumes. The meat is juicy, soft and tender, with an original taste, excellent aroma and very low fat content.
Advantages and disadvantages
The breed of meat-egg cross-country chickens is quite popular. It is valued for a number of advantages. The advantages of cross can include:
- endurance both to cold and heat, life in any conditions;
- strong immune system;
- unpretentiousness in food standard feeding, has excellent performance even on ordinary feed;
- undemanding to the conditions of detention;
- beautiful appearance, it can be estimated from the photo;
- calm, unobtrusive disposition, goodwill;
- universal food qualities;
- developed maternal instinct in hens.
The main drawback of the Master Gray breed is the inability to breed chickens on their own at home. It is corrected by the fact that young growth is not too expensive. In addition, hens can be used to incubate other birds, they are good mothers, for example, Adler. The nestlings gain weight more slowly than broilers, but the hens of the Master Gray breed give not only meat, but also a large number of eggs, therefore their breeding and caring for them remain profitable.
Master Gray is an unpretentious breed of chickens, she does not need special care. Both cellular and walking content are acceptable to her. Birds feel great at temperatures from 2 to 28 ° C, so for the winter the house should be insulated so that there are no drafts. But additional heating, if there is not too much frost in the winter, the breed does not need it, although some poultry farmers claim that heating can maintain egg production in winter and why freeze animals.
It is important to remember that this is a breed of large chickens, because they need to allocate more area. On 1 m of the chicken coop it is impossible to contain more than 2 individuals. Accordingly, it is necessary to calculate the area for walking. For one chicken or cockerel, 3-4 meters of the pen should be allocated. In cages, the accuracy of birds can be greater: up to 3-4 individuals per 1 square. m
The nests for the testicles must also be large, in accordance with the growth of the hens. The optimum size is 35 × 40 cm. The litter is made standard, from peat, straw, sawdust or shavings. It is important to ensure that its humidity does not exceed 25%, and that the material is not contaminated too much and does not contaminate the eggs. If this rule is not followed, the bird will begin to hurt. Be sure to put sand and wood ash containers in the chicken coop and paddock so that chickens can clean their feathers. Also needed are feeders separate for dry and wet food, drinking bowls.
Feeding Master Gray chickens is straightforward. They do not require special additives like broilers. On the contrary, if you feed the birds with feed for broiler breeds, they will cease to normally run, although they will gain weight faster. The diet of roosters and laying hens includes a number of products, which include:
- cereals (wheat, barley, oats, corn);
- green feed (fresh greens, tops or grass meal);
- vegetables (boiled potatoes, carrots, beets, zucchini, pumpkin);
- oilseed meal;
- wheat bran;
- Brewer's yeast;
- fish and meat and bone meal;
- mineral additives (chalk, salt, crushed shells and shells).
During molting, you can increase the amount of protein in the diet due to legumes, skim milk and meat broths. In spring, layers can be given premixes to increase the number of eggs. There is no need for permanent vitamin supplements. There should always be fresh water in the drinkers. It is necessary to place containers filled with small pebbles of shell rock or coarse sand next to the feeders to improve grinding of grain in the goiter and for the strength of the shell.
Since the chickens Master Gray is a cross, it is impossible to get pure offspring at home. Master Gray chickens in the photo and video are very beautiful although they will not completely repeat the signs of their parents. Experienced poultry farmers advise buying young animals at large poultry farms in order to have confidence in the quality of the breed. In the photo, purebred chicks look quite specific. They have a bright yellow plumage with clear black little dots on the back of the head.
Feeding and keeping small chickens is straightforward. They do not need special food. If you want to get not only meat but also eggs from chickens, you should not feed chickens with broiler feed. The average increase in mass of chickens by day (in species M and S) looks like this:
- 14-299-305 g;
- 21-565-576 g;
- 28 - 884-902 g;
- 35 - 1233-1258 g;
- 42-1588-1621 g;
- 49-1925-1963 g;
- 56-2243-2287 g;
- 63 - 2537-2585 g.
The cost of feed when growing per 1 kilogram of weight ranges from 1.5 kg to 2.3 kg, depending on age. As you can see, Master Gray chickens grow quite quickly, although this is not the best mass gain, it is inferior to broilers. This helps the breed maintain a leading position in private households in Europe and America. Master Gray is winning the breed of chickens and his popularity in Russia. A high standard of production makes breeding and keeping these chickens profitable. Often they are used to produce environmentally friendly products.
How much does the hatching egg and Master Gray chickens cost? The price of an egg is about 50 rubles. Daily chickens are sold for 100-150 rubles, weekly chickens for 150-200 rubles. There is no point in buying adult chickens, as they cannot be bred on their own. It is easier to get chickens or hatching eggs.