Brassavol Orchid Characteristic
Brassavol Orchid is one of the most popular indoor plants. A beautiful flower that can decorate any room. Now there are about 20 species of this indoor flower, each of them has its own characteristics.
Brassavol Orchid Characteristic
Dark green fleshy leaves, whose length is 20 cm. The brassavola buds are located on the top of the stem. During flowering, no more than 5 flowers may appear on one peduncle. Orchid flowers are not fully revealed; they are green, sometimes yellow, and sometimes a little pinkish. Direct, pointed at the tips of the senpolia. A similar shape, but thinner and shorter - petals. The lip is wide, in some species it is framed by a fringe, resembles a heart in shape, its color is sometimes white with a pink speck.
Most of the known varieties of this flower are interspecific hybrids. They came about by crossing several types of orchids:
- Nodal Brassavol.
The result is unusual indoor flowers. In most hybrids, it was Nodosa that was used, since it is unpretentious and growing it will not be difficult.
An orchid has the ability to grow both an experienced florist and a beginner. This process has no difficulties. Proper care will help him bloom at a young age, and flowering will continue for a long period.
Planting an indoor flower should begin with a choice of place. An orchid should stand in a well-lit area of the room, but it should be borne in mind that the direct rays of the sun can burn the plant. The height of the pot into which the flower is placed must correspond to the width of the neck. The volume of the tank must fit the size of the root system. Most often, for these indoor flowers choose a plastic or ceramic pot.
Germinating seeds is quite difficult. They have no nutritional reserves and need constant replenishment. Soil should be breathable, and ground moss should act as a substrate for the flower.
The container for growing a plant from seeds should be glass; a flask for chemical experiments is best suited. It is important to sterilize glassware and the seeds themselves before planting. The soil is prepared from charcoal and pine bark. After the seeds are sown, they must be exposed to light for at least 12 hours, and the temperature should be 18–20 ° С.
Most often, a flower sprout is located near its roots, it begins to grow after a flowering period. After the shoot is cut off, it is wrapped in moist mhomd so that the sprout takes root. A pot for transplanting is also prepared. Stones or pebbles are placed at the bottom, they should be 1/3 of the total volume of the pot. The process is placed in the middle and gradually we fill the container with soil.
Beautiful whimsical flower
Leaving after planting should be thrifty, you need to water the flower at least after 2-3 days. At first, growth stimulants are added to water.
After 3 years, an adult plant will form. For orchids, special fertilizers are used, which can be purchased at a specialized store. Fertilize the plant every 3-4 weeks.
Foliar top dressing is also relevant, the flower is sprayed with a weak nutrient solution. Trimming is carried out only if necessary, if the pseudobulb is completely dry. A transplant is performed if the root system does not fit into the container in which the plant was located.
The flower needs high humidity and therefore watering should be regular. But you need to water it after its substrate dries. It is also advised to put the pot in a bowl of water and pour it with hot water from the shower, about 40 ° C. After a flowering period, peace comes and at this time watering should be reduced.
The flower needs good lighting, but do not put it close to the batteries. Temperature differences are necessary for the development of flower buds. The flower is heat-loving and will feel good in winter if the temperature does not fall below 18 ° C during the day and 12 ° C at night. Withstands high temperatures in summer, up to 35 ° C.
Diseases and Pests
According to the state of the leaves, it is possible to determine what the flower is sick with:
- The appearance of yellow spots on the leaves is a disease of powdery mildew, fusarium rot or a pest: a spider mite, whitefly, red flat mite.
- Leaf lethargy - bacterial spotting or pests: aphids, spider mites.
- The appearance of sticky spots is bacterial spotting or aphid.
- Leaves were covered with a sticky white coating - powdery mildew, bacterial spotting or aphids.
- Leaves rot - Fusarium rot.
- White dots on the leaves - powdery mildew, pest: mealybug, spider mite, thrips.
- Black spots on the leaves - black rot or spider mite.
Basically, flower diseases are associated with decay. And viral or fungal diseases can occur due to an infected substrate.
If the indoor flower has rotted, then the damaged areas need to be cut off, then treated with Bordeaux liquid and sprinkled with coal dust. The substrate is discarded after sterilizing the pots. Soaking orchids in a solution of colloidal sulfur will help in the fight against fungal diseases. Viral diseases are not treated.
If the flower is infected by a pest, it must be isolated from other plants. In the fight against pests, chemicals (phytoverin, laundry soap, actellik) and disinfection of pots and substrates with coal dust will help.
The best prevention for orchids will be the best quality care. Irrigation regime, temperature regime and substrate condition control must be observed. Also, as a prophylaxis, you can treat the plant with Fundazole solution. But the substance is toxic and it is not worth overdoing it. Periodic spraying with Fitosperin will also protect the flower in a timely manner. Rinse leaves regularly; remove dried areas.
Brassavola - one of the most beautiful and popular plants. It decorates the house with its look and aroma. Such a delicate flower needs constant care and watering. But even an inexperienced grower will be able to grow it, so that with careful care, this indoor flower will survive in any home.