Black Grand grape variety
The Black Grand grapes were bred by crossing two other species of this crop. Large fruits of the hybrid have an exotic taste.
Black Grand grape variety
The Black Grand grape variety is the most frost-resistant of all types, it is able to withstand frosts from -25 ° C to -27 ° C. Even the extreme temperature mark will not affect fruiting. Black Grand grapes are planted with large berries, and the bunch is massive. Bisexual flowers, self-pollinated variety
The bush, according to the description, is tall, the vines are powerful, the foliage of the plant is large, dark green in color.
The berries are dark blue. The fruit grows up to 40-50 cm, the bunch during the tie reaches 800 g.-2 kg. The pulp is sweet, juicy, with a plum flavor. The peel leaves a tart aftertaste.
The Black Grand grape variety has a peculiarity - underdeveloped roots. It is impossible to grow it with cuttings, since they will not take root. Sprouts are already planted in open ground with a stronger root system. So that there are no problems with cultivation, the quality of seedlings is checked even upon purchase:
- There should be no stains on the foliage.
- The bush should not be dry.
- No mechanical damage.
For planting, a place is selected where the bush can receive a lot of sunlight and was protected from drafts. But direct sunlight is also able to harm the fruit. It is not necessary to place this variety in the shade, but in order to save the culture from burns, they choose a place with more gentle sunlight. Also, a landing pit is prepared in advance so that the soil is filled with useful elements. They dig a hole, fill it with layers of nutrient mixture:
After planting, you need to tamp the ground and pour Black Grand grapes with warm water.
Regular top dressing improves the taste of berries.
First of all, it is important to follow the rules of irrigation. At the beginning of development, the bushes are watered often, once every 1-2 days. Over time, when the root system will develop more and more, then watering is reduced to 1-2 times a week. After 3 years from the moment of planting, when the plant will bear fruit, then it is watered about 3 times a season. During flowering, the bush is not watered. A bucket of water is used to irrigate the Black Grand variety.
It is also important to feed the bushes. Timely feeding can prevent plant diseases and improve the quality of the fruit. For fertilizer, potassium salt, superphosphates and manure are used.
Diseases and Pests
According to the description, Black Grand is resistant to disease. Black Grand grapes are also immune to insect attacks. However, some fungal diseases that affect foliage and fruits are dangerous for the plant if it was not given proper care.
To cure the plant and prevent the effects of diseases, it is treated with chemicals, the soil is fertilized, and all damaged areas are removed. To combat diseases, drugs such as Anthracal, Kuprosat and Bordeaux mixture are used.
Some diseases are caused due to soil problems, as too wet ground causes rot. And if there is a lack of nutrients in the soil, then the plant ceases to bear fruit.
Special chemicals that can be purchased in stores will help save the plant from pests. These include insecticides such as Bi-58, Vertimek and Thanos. However, some gardeners prefer to use folk remedies. Most often, the vine is treated with mullein and manganese for several weeks.
For prophylaxis, bushes are treated with fungicides or chemicals. Constantly monitor the condition of the soil and the root zone. The smallest spots on leaves or fruits are signals of the appearance of diseases or pests.
Black Grand variety is one of the most popular in viticulture. Thanks to its unpretentiousness to weather conditions and large fruits, it is a profitable acquisition for any gardener.