The biochemical composition of garlic

The chemical composition in garlic is rich in vitamins and minerals necessary for the proper functioning of the human body. Its healing properties have been used for many years in traditional and traditional medicine. According to some versions, the homeland of garlic is Dzungaria.

The biochemical composition of garlic

Chemical composition of the product

The chemical composition of garlic is very rich in vitamins. It contains vitamins:

  • group B, necessary for the desired synthesis in the human body;
  • E, responsible for the structure of the dermis, is a powerful antioxidant;
  • C, necessary to maintain the functioning of the immune system;
  • K plays a large role in the metabolic processes of bone tissue;
  • folic acid, supporting the strength of the female body;
  • biotin;
  • iodine;
  • Fe;
  • magnesium and many others.

In addition to all of the above vitamins, the vegetable contains fiber, amino acids and esters, which are a powerful aphrodisiac. Some useful substances are more found in stems than in root crops themselves. For example, the content of vitamin C in the head is 70 mg, and in the ground part - 150 mg. In addition, greenery contains carotene (vitamin A), which is not found in root crops.

The nutritional value of the product is 149 kcal. The chemical composition will largely depend on the season. The most popular substances in garlic are polysaccharose and carbohydrates. Insulin and sucrose are most found in the heads in the autumn. By spring, these substances break down into fructose and glucose.

Of all the products, only in garlic is there such a mineral as thiamine. The most valuable are:

  • ascorbic acid (mainly found in leaves);
  • carotene;
  • a nicotinic acid;
  • riboflavin.

The nutritional value

Garlic is used in diets.

Nutrition value per 100 g:

  • 149 kcal;
  • proteins 6.5 g;
  • fats 0.5 g;
  • carbohydrates 29.9 g;
  • fiber 1.5 g;
  • water 60 g

The nutritional value of the product allows you to use it in some diets, to reduce body mass index, by removing toxins and cholesterol. The beneficial properties of root crops are due to the rich vitamin and mineral complex. The most valuable substance is volatile, which can effectively fight even with tuberculosis bacillus. Sulfur-containing substances contribute to the expansion of blood vessels and effectively eliminate blood clots, increase the elasticity of capillary tissues

Trace elements in the composition of the vegetable

The product is enriched with trace elements. In the teeth, their content is in the range of 3.7%, in the terrestrial part - about 8.8%. In total, the substances in the composition of garlic include 17 minerals: K, Se, P, Ge, Ca, Mn, Mg, Zr, Na and others.


Germanium is found only in this vegetable. The substance is responsible for strengthening the walls of capillary compounds. Helps to improve the structure and patency of blood vessels. Consuming vegetables in reasonable amounts can be an excellent preventative measure for varicose veins. Germanium helps to activate the movement of oxygen through the vessels, which is an excellent stimulation of the immune system.


Selenium is a powerful antioxidant that disinfects toxins in the liver. Vegetable, first of all, is used as a medicine for poisoning. Selenium is involved in the processes of regeneration of the dermis, nail plates, and hairline. The content of selenium depends on the composition of the soil. Soils have a poor composition in the northwestern regions, so it is recommended to grow garlic in the southern areas.


Iodine is the main element responsible for the synthesis of substances in the body. It plays a role in the regulation of heat transfer, protein and water metabolism. Used as a prophylaxis for thyroid disease. Garlic contains more than 100 sulfur-containing elements. Sulfides can completely destroy a number of dangerous bacteria, such as:

  • staphylococci;
  • typhoid sticks;
  • fungi and yeast.

Aspirin-like trace elements thin the blood. Phytoncides are very valuable substances. They are similar to antibiotics and can kill many viruses in a short time. Phytoncides are able to destroy the tubercle bacillus in 5 minutes.

Product benefits

There are a lot of vitamins in the product

Trace elements and vitamins contained in garlic help to quickly destroy bacteria and fungi that provoke the development of serious ailments. Benefits for the human body:

  • dilates blood vessels;
  • It is a prophylactic against varicose veins and blockage of blood vessels;
  • increases the body's resistance to infections;
  • acts like a diuretic;
  • relieves pain.

Garlic contains allicin, which forms allin. It is this substance that gives the plant that unique taste, smell and destroys many viruses. Its antibacterial effect persists even if it is diluted with water in the proportions of 1: 125000. The fact established by scientists that among the peoples who often use garlic in the preparation of their dishes, the incidence of cancer is much lower.

Of particular value are sulfur-containing substances. They are a real antidote for poisoning with toxins. Sulfides make the molecules of toxins inactive, inert, and then the body has the opportunity to remove them quickly and without loss for themselves.

For the digestive tract

Since ancient times, this product was used in the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases. Vegetable is a choleretic drug, so it is recommended to add it to fatty and heavy dishes. Nutritionists recommend consuming this vegetable to cleanse the body of slagging.

In addition, the root crop is a natural anthelmintic. For those who have stool disorders, such as persistent constipation, it is recommended to use this vegetable. After a few days, the problem can be completely resolved.

For the cardiovascular system

Garlic is indicated for use in hypertensive patients. The substances contained in its composition help to expand the vessels, improve their smoothness and patency. Garlic helps to remove cholesterol from the body and thins the blood.

It is an excellent prevention of such diseases:

  • multiple sclerosis;
  • stroke;
  • heart attack;
  • varicose veins;
  • thrombosis.

For cosmetology

In the treatment of many cosmetic problems using masks based on garlic gruel. It perfectly copes with baldness, strengthens the nail plates, heals skin lesions. Many dermatologists prefer to use natural garlic masks to eliminate scalp problems.

They stimulate hair growth and actively fight against fungi that provoke the appearance of pustules on the body. The best effect is observed from the vegetable in boiled, fresh or pickled form. In addition, the plant is considered one of the most powerful aphrodisiacs.


Like any product, garlic has its contraindications and side effects.

  • Root crops are not recommended for people who have problems with the gastrointestinal tract, accompanied by an increase in acidity or excessive secretion of bile. You can not eat a vegetable to people suffering from hemorrhoids and epileptic seizures.
  • It is not recommended to use the product in patients with kidney diseases such as nephritis and nephrosis.
  • Vegetable is strictly contraindicated for asthmatics.
  • Vegetables should not be used by pregnant and lactating women. Using a vegetable in large quantities, you can provoke a very strong intoxication. For medicinal purposes, the root crop should be used only as directed by a doctor.

Final part

Garlic is one of the most sought after foods in the world. People learned about its healing properties many thousands of years ago. There are references to it dating back to ancient Egypt.

A vegetable is an unpretentious plant, so you can grow it in any corner of the globe. But, the chemical composition will largely depend on the type of soil. Northwest soils are usually poor in composition, so it is recommended to grow root crops in the southern areas.

What nutrients will prevail in the composition, mainly depends on the season. In autumn, cloves contain more insulin and sucrose. In the spring, they turn into glucose and sucrose.


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