The best varieties of sweet pepper
To get a good harvest, you need to choose the right variety. Some varieties of sweet pepper are cold-resistant, which allows them to grow in regions with a cold climate, some give a high yield in warm regions. Consider the characteristics of the varieties most popular in our country.
The best varieties of sweet pepper
Giganto Ross F1
This is a thermophilic hybrid. It is grown in the central and southern regions, the fruits are harvested 105 days after sowing. This vegetable crop is appreciated for its high yields. According to the description, with 1 square. about 9-10 kg of sweet pepper fruits are harvested.
The ripened fruits in deep red color reach a length of 20-25 cm, wall thickness - 8 mm. In shape, they resemble an elongated cube. The average weight of the fruit is 380 g. There are specimens weighing 500-600 g. The ripened fruit lacks bitterness.
Giganto Ross F1 pepper has a universal purpose. Fruits are equally well suited for fresh consumption, as well as for preparing blanks for the winter. They can also be frozen. After defrosting, the vegetable does not lose its taste.
Giganto Ross F1 sweet bell pepper is recommended to be grown in seedlings. Sowing seeds is practiced from February 25 to March 10. After seeding, the containers are covered with a film. Landing in open ground occurs no earlier than June 10. Plants are planted in a permanent place at a distance of 80 cm from each other. The row spacing is 45 cm.
Giganto Rossa needs fertile land. It is formed in two stems.
Dolce de spain
This ultra-early variety of sweet pepper ripens in 95-97 days. A tall plant is not prone to excessive lateral shoot formation. Accordingly, all the fruits lack sunlight. The fruits of pepper Dolce de Spain, whose length is 23 cm, attract the attention. The largest have a length of up to 30 cm.
Light red fruits are slightly narrowed downwards, have a conical shape. The width of the average fetus does not exceed 7 cm at the base. Wall thickness - 6 cm.
Spanish pepper does not need to be formed, which greatly simplifies its cultivation. In regions with a cold climate, vegetable crops are best grown in seedlings. In the central and southern regions of the country, seeds can be sown in open ground.
When growing in seedlings 7 days before planting in the soil, the plants are fed with a complex fertilizer, which contains phosphorus and potassium.
The birthplace of the Flamenco F1 hybrid is America, but it gives a high yield in the cold regions of our country.
According to the characteristic, the Flamenco hybrid belongs to early ripe peppers and is high-yielding. Farmers involved in the cultivation of this vegetable crop, note that it has large fruits with excellent taste. Ripened fruits have thick walls (about 9 mm). Fruits weighing 200 g grow on a medium-sized bush. They are quite compact and not elongated downward, they resemble a cube in shape. The width of the fruit, painted in rich red throughout its entire length, is almost the same. With 1 sq. 8-10 kg of fruits suitable for transportation are harvested.
Flamenco has a universal purpose. The plant has good keeping characteristics, therefore it is advisable to leave it for the preparation of fresh salads. In addition, a special pepper aroma is inherent in Flamenco, which gives piquancy to fresh salads.
In regions with a cold climate, seedlings should be planted in open ground no earlier than June 7-8. In the southern regions, seedlings are planted in the ground as soon as the air temperature reaches 18-19 ° C and the threat of frost passes. Flamenco does not belong to the moisture-loving varieties of vegetable crops, so it is moderately watered.
High-yielding bushes grow only from high-quality seed material, so the seeds should be bought in specialized stores.
Fisht F1 is another early hybrid. It ripens in 95 days. From planting seedlings into the ground to the mass ripening of a vegetable crop, no more than 70 days pass. This is a medium sweet pepper. The bush stretches up, respectively, it turns out to be closed and does not take up much space in the garden.
Ripe peppers are painted in deep red color, have a glossy surface. In shape, they resemble hot peppers, they do not have pronounced ribs. The average weight of ripened peppers with a wall thickness not exceeding 6 mm is 95 g. From 1 square. m collect 4 kg of fruit with high taste.
This sweet pepper variety needs light, fertile soils. Shrubs also grow in loamy soils, but you need to constantly loosen the top layer. It is best to apply rotted manure to the soil. In the warm regions of Russia, seedlings are planted in the ground from May 10 to 20. In the cold regions, Fisht F1 is grown in well-equipped greenhouses. The distance between plants should be 55 cm, the row spacing - 40 cm.
Fisht is resistant to verticillosis.
Bon Appetite F1
Bon Appetite F1 is a hybrid that is valued for its palatability. It belongs to mid-season varieties. Harvested 110 days after the appearance of the first seedlings. The average yield is 1.5 kg per 1 square. m. Compared with the description of yield indicators of other varieties, the hybrid Bon Appetite is low. It is difficult to find a hybrid that gives the same sweet fruits as Bon Appetite. The weight of ripened fruits is 200 g, which makes it possible to attribute Bon Appetite F1 to large-fruited varieties. The length of the cylindrical peppers, painted in a deep red color, is 18 cm.
Tall bushes need tying and shaping. They sow seeds in the second half of February and early March. In the Moscow region and regions with a similar climate, seedlings are transplanted into the ground in mid-May. In cold regions, it is worthwhile to delay the planting of plants in the ground or to build a film cover for them.
Nugget is a mid-season variety that is appreciated for its high palatability. It takes 115 days to ripen a vegetable crop. Ripe peppers are very sweet and juicy. The average weight of 1 fleshy pepper is 270 g. The weight of large specimens is 450-500 g, while the wall thickness of red fruits with a glossy peel reaches 8 mm. Productivity - 5 kg per 1 square. m. Peppers are used for fresh consumption and as freezing.
The bush is tall and sprawling. According to the description, pepper easily tolerates a lack of light, therefore, despite the spreading of the bush, the scheme for planting it is the same as the scheme of the bushes closed in shape (50 x 40).
Medium sized pepper
This medium sized pepper is appreciated for its high yield and unusual taste. Fruits, painted either in yellow or in orange, weigh no more than 40 g. They are cone-shaped and narrowed downward. The length of yellow peppers is 8-10 cm. More than 10 fruits are formed on each bush during the fruiting period. Average productivity - 5-7 kg per 1 sq. Km. m
Yellow color indicates that the vegetable is rich in carotene. Fruits are used mainly for the preparation of fresh salads.
Before sowing, seeds of orange peppers are germinated. During seedling cultivation, 2-3 plants are fed with complex fertilizers. In regions with a warm climate, grown seedlings are planted in open ground in late May and early June. In regions with a cold climate, seedlings are planted only in hotbeds and not earlier than June 5th.
Attention deserves the relatively new hybrid Siesta. When buying seeds of this sweet pepper, it is impossible to predict what color the fruits will appear on the bushes. The hybrid is bred on the basis of various varieties, characterized by high productivity and a long fruiting period.
Still worth paying attention to the following varieties:
- Big Mom;
- California Miracle;
- Madonna (Dutch selection);
- Orange miracle.
The California and Orange Miracles are cold-resistant peppers.
- Collectors will be pleased with the Bulgarian peppers Romeo, which give 2 kg of crop from 1 bush.
- The highlight of the infield will be the very sweet and super-early Caliph peppers, painted in lemon color.
- The variety Tevere is painted in yellow, or rather, gold color. Each meaty golden vegetable weighs up to 500 g.
- Pompeo peppers look interesting in the garden, on the red peel of which there are dark green wide stripes.
- Greenhouse owners should pay attention to the Miracle Tree variety. Indeterminate bushes grow to a height of 2 m. This is not only the earliest, but also a high-yielding sweet hybrid. From one bush, 5 kg of peppers weighing 60-100 g are collected.
- Peppers of round shape also attract attention. High yields are characteristic of the Dutch varieties Alma Paprika and Tepin. Peppers grow small, but unusually fragrant. White pepper also looks unusual, the skin color of which varies from white to light red.
Fans of early harvests should pay attention to the varieties Anette, Bugai, Mishka in the North, Chardash, Krasny Kulak, Latino, Pharaoh, Marconi, Megaton, Boneta, Mustang, Olga. Megaton orange peppers not only ripen early, but also have high commercial qualities. All these precocious varieties are unpretentious in leaving.
They have average yields, but are distinguished by the friendly fruiting of the varieties Catherine, Denis F1, Red Jet F1, Anastasia, Juliet, Stanley, Queen. Marquis peppers deserve attention. It is very sweet and fragrant.
Some types of vegetables are disease resistant. These include Fat Man, Golden Pheasant, Snow White, Health. On the windowsill, you can grow a hybrid Window miracle. Despite the fact that the bushes grow low, they give 2-3 kg of crop. Yellow peppers with thick walls have high palatability.