The best varieties of pears for Siberia
All varieties of pears for Siberia are resistant to temperature extremes and normally tolerate severe frosts in winter. All plants adapted to the conditions of the western part of Siberia are conditionally divided into plants of early, middle and late ripening.
The best varieties of pears for Siberia
The best early varieties for growing in Siberia:
- Northerner. The resistance of this variety to frost is fully consistent with its name. The fruits reach 170 g and ripen in early August. The pulp is white and juicy. It has a characteristic aroma and taste. The plant begins to bear fruit in the 3rd year. The tree is of medium height and winter hardiness. The plant practically does not affect the gall mite and scab.
- Rainbow. The fruiting of a plant of this variety occurs 3 years after planting. He needs pollination. The best neighbor is Severyanka. Bacterial burns, as well as scab and gall midge, are not afraid of this tree variety. The pulp of the fruit is juicy. On the peel, a gradient from light green to deep red is observed.
- Penguin. The tree is characterized by winter hardiness and early fruiting. Fruits reach a mass of 120 g. The color of the fruit is orange. The pulp is juicy. On the palate there is no pear astringency. Fruits ripen in early August.
- Duchess. The fruits have a delicate aftertaste and are distinguished by aroma. The mass of one fruit reaches 180 g. Ripening begins in late July. The fruits retain their presentation for a month from the date of harvest. The color of the fruit as it ripens varies from dark green to bright yellow.
- Perm. A winter-hardy plant that can bear fruit already for 4 years of life. It needs a pollinator. Fruits ripen in August. They are distinguished by high palatability and shelf life.
All varieties are tasty and juicy.
Among the middle grades for Siberia, there are:
- Autumn sweet. The variety is characterized by unusually delicious fruits that reach technical maturity in late August and early September. The pulp of the fruit is tender and juicy. If the fruit lies for some time after being removed from the branch, notes of duchesse and oiliness appear in the aftertaste. The plant needs a strong pollinator, the best is the early Northerner.
- Favorite A plant of this species is frost-resistant. The fruits reach a mass of 140 g. They are distinguished by high keeping quality and sweet taste. The peel of ripe fruit has a yellow tint, and the flesh on the slices is white. When eaten, no stones are felt.
- Uralochka. A feature of this plant is record frost resistance. The fruits ripen in mid-September. They are stored for about a month. The taste of fruit is sweet, with a slight acidity. The pulp is juicy, creamy on a cut. The aroma of the fruit is similar to that found in early pears. The plant needs a pollinator, because it belongs to a self-fertile variety.
- Fun. The plant is medium-sized. It is resistant to fungal infections and bacterial diseases. Fruits ripen in late December and hang on branches until frost. The pulp is sugary and grainy, has an oily flavor.
- Among the best pears in Siberia of late varieties, the Autumn Dream is distinguished. The tree is winter hardy and stunted. The compact plant produces a large crop and is resistant to scab and seasonal pests. Fruits are small in size with sweet and sour flesh and soft peels and are characterized by high keeping quality. Harvesting occurs at the end of September.
- Dekabrina is also great for growing in Siberia. According to the description, the tree is characterized by winter hardiness and resistance to the main diseases: scab and tick. The seedling enters the fruiting phase in the 7th year. Harvesting begins in late September. The weight of one fruit reaches 120 g, fruits are stored until mid-January without loss of taste.
- Pear Taiga gives high yields for 4 years after planting. The fruits ripen in late September. They are well stored throughout the winter in cool rooms. The color of ripened fruit is light green. The peel is dense, the flesh has an oily flavor.
Features of late varieties
The fruits of late pears are removed in mid-September.
At this time, the first frosts are already possible in Siberia. This causes the death of the entire crop. For this reason, late pears are planted in a place protected from the winds. It is better to choose a place near the south wall of the house or barn.
Gardeners, choosing the best varieties adapted for the short and hot summers of Siberia, as well as long and frosty winters, are looking for plants based not only on the organoleptic description of the fruits, but also on their ability to maintain quality after harvest. The best in this regard are pears of late varieties. They, as well as mid-season ones, are most often cultivated in Siberian gardens. The fruits are suitable for making jams and jams, obtaining juice, as well as drying. Early fruits are best eaten fresh.