The best varieties of cabbage for Siberia
Cabbage varieties for Siberia were bred taking into account the climatic features of this region. They have increased cold resistance, resistant to constant changes in the weather and have resistance to a number of major diseases.
The best varieties of cabbage for Siberia
The white-headed variety is most often grown in Siberia. Vegetables are used for starter and pickling. It is stored in this form for a long time. It is better to grow white-headed varieties by the seedling method. To plant varieties in Siberian weather conditions directly by seeds in the ground is not recommended.
Early varieties and hybrids
The best varieties of cabbage for Siberia are early ripe. They have time to ripen before the onset of cold weather.
Early ripening variety June gives you the opportunity to harvest the first crop after 60-70 days after sowing. Her head of cabbage is round, weighing an average of 2.5 kg, with an average density. This cabbage grown in Siberia is considered one of the most resistant to cracking.
The selection result - an ultra-early hybrid Zarya f1 allows you to grow the first crop of vegetables after 40-45 days. Heads of cabbage are small, 1.0-1.5 kg each, round in shape, with medium density. The hybrid has excellent taste characteristics, it is most often used fresh.
This is an early high-yielding Varietal species: Hope gives 5-7 heads of cabbage weighing up to 4.5 kg per 1 sq. Km. m of landing area. It perfectly adapts to the harsh Siberian climate and withstands the low temperatures of the cool summer.
Mid-ripening varieties and hybrids
Mid-season white-varietal varietal species and hybrids are suitable for cultivation in open beds and in closed greenhouse conditions.
The gift is one of the best varieties of white cabbage for Siberia and the Urals, most often grown for the purpose of pickling and pickling. Its vegetative period from the date of planting seedlings, which are planted in June, to the collection of the first vegetables - 110-120 days. The heads of cabbage are round, slightly flattened, dense. The mass of one vegetable is 2.5-4.5 kg.
The classic white varietal variety Slava-1305 became known for its high productivity. Round vegetables with a dense structure weighing 2.5-4.5 kg can be harvested after 85-100 days from the date of transplanting.
Hybrid Jubilee f1 ripens on average in 90 days. The weight of high-density vegetables is from 1.5 kg to 4 kg. The hybrid has a long shelf life and taste characteristics, therefore it is used in any form: fresh, pickled, salted.
Late-ripening varieties and hybrids
Late-ripening varieties can be stored for a long time
Late-ripening varietal and hybrid varieties in the Siberian region are recommended to be grown in insulated greenhouses. In open beds, Siberian climatic conditions do not allow vegetables to ripen, but such vegetables have a longer shelf life.
Technical maturity of vegetables occurs after 4 months after transplanting. This late species has round-headed head of cabbage with an average weight of 3.0-3.5 kg. During the storage of Amager, its taste is not lost, but becomes better.
Hybrid Kryumon-f1 - a selection product, it gives the first crop on the 125-135th day. Heads of medium size, 2 kg each, are very dense, rounded, with excellent taste characteristics. This late variety has established itself among gardeners in Siberia, thanks to its long shelf life of up to more than 6 months.
Another type of cabbage for cultivation in the Siberian region is cauliflower. It requires good illumination and solar heat, however, some varieties have adapted to short Siberian daylight, rare sunny days, and even tolerate small frosts.
Cauliflower can withstand a temperature drop of -5 ° C.
The Cauliflower variety Movir-74 belongs to the ultra-early, ripening in 55 days, because it can be planted even on open ground. The fruits are white in color and weigh up to 1.3 kg. A variety resistant to cold weather can tolerate both cool Siberian summers and hot conditions in other regions.
Ripening in 2 months, the Snow globe takes root well in open soil, withstanding frequent cooling and showing high resistance to disease. Among its distinctive characteristics distinguish a long shelf life. Vegetables grow 600 g each, dense, tuberous, of regular symmetrical shape.
The early ripe Color Express is considered one of the best in Siberia in terms of productivity and frost resistance. The vegetative maturation period is no more than 60 days from the moment of sowing by seeds. The technological period of maturity can be reduced to 55 days when cultivating the Color Express in a greenhouse. The average weight of vegetables is 0.5 kg.
A number of varietal varieties of broccoli are suitable for Siberia and the Urals.
Hybrid broccoli Caesar f1 can delight you with a harvest of vegetables several times in one garden season, quickly tying new vegetables immediately after cutting the cabbage heads. He gained his fame thanks to excellent taste characteristics and the ability to stay fresh for a long period. It is resistant to most common among cruciferous diseases. The hybrid gives large yields of vegetables of 0.6-0.9 kg.
Early ripe vitamin broccoli in the growing season has no more than 65-70 days from the date of planting seedlings. Its disadvantages include a small mass of heads (up to 0.25 kg) and short storage. It is recommended to immediately use it in food or canned.
Peking and Ornamental Cabbage
Some Siberian summer residents grow varieties of Beijing cabbage, suitable for Siberia.
- Vesnyanka. This early variety ripens in 35 days after planting by seeds and is ready to withstand small frosts to -10 ° C.
- Mandarin orange. The vegetative period of this cabbage variety has about 40 days and is considered one of the most productive of the Beijing varieties. This kind of Beijing cabbage for Siberia gives vegetables weighing up to 1 kg.
Among the decorative varieties, Siberian summer residents adapted to grow an early ripe high-yielding hybrid Victoria. Its heads in weight reach 2 kg. Unpretentious variety Victoria retains productivity even in cold conditions. Decorative varieties Kudesnitsa and Lenok are slightly less popular.