The best technical grape varieties
For the manufacture of wines, cognacs, compotes, use technical grape varieties. They are distinguished by a high content (up to 85%) of juice in berries, as well as a harmonious taste. Sugar content of fruits is high. Also, they are characterized by unpretentiousness and stable productivity. New hybrids are often not inferior to the taste of table species.
The best technical grape varieties
Aligote is an old variety native to France. It is obtained by crossing Pinot Sepage and Gué Blanc. Widely distributed in eastern Europe.
Ripening period is medium early. The fruits are harvested 145 days after the start of the growing season.
Aligote is not suitable for mechanized harvesting of fruits: juice losses are large. Recommended pruning is by the multi-arm fan method. Saplings have creeping shoots. Their tops are green with a bronze tint.
According to the description, the Aligote variety has the following positive characteristics:
- excellent profitability - 90-140 centners per 1 ha;
- unpretentiousness in leaving;
- resistance to oidium.
The negative qualities include the fact that Aligote is affected by mildew and gray rot, a bunch of bunch bunches and spider mites. Although the species has a relative resistance to frost, buds often damage spring frosts.
The plant is small. The number of fruitful shoots is 80-85%. The leaves are dark green, rounded. The edges are sharp, bent down. Petioles are wine red.
Bunches of cylindrical-conical shape, small sizes. Weight - about 100 g. Density is high. The peduncle is short. The berries are round, 12-15 mm in diameter. First, green and white, in full maturity yellow-green with tanning spots and many brown dots. Deform from compression. The skin is thin but dense. Fruits have 1-2 seeds. The pulp is tender, juicy. The taste is simple, pleasant.
The berries show off a bit, which does not affect the result of cultivation.
The average sugar content is 18%. Acidity - 7.5-10.4 g / l. Aligote technical grapes are excellent for winemaking, juice, champagne.
Rondo was bred by Czechoslovak and German breeders. His parents are Dawn of the North and Saint Laurent. This variety is grown in central Russia.
Ripening early. From kidney swelling to full ripeness of the berries, 125-130 days pass. The fruits are harvested in mid-late August.
The variety has the following positive properties:
- excellent yield (especially when grown on black soil);
- immunity to diseases;
- frost resistance: withstands temperatures up to -24 ° C;
- suitability for cultivation by lovers.
Resistance to decay is high, but the fruits should be picked on time, otherwise they will dry out and fall off.
The plant is vigorous. Reaches 10 m in height. Leaves are medium sized, triple. In the fall take a red color. The vine is ripening well. It blooms in mid-June. The flowers are unattractive, yellow, bisexual. Pollination is good. The optimal load is 30-35 eyes. Pruning fruiting vines produce 3-5 eyes. Technical grapes, characterized by good rooting of cuttings.
Berries taste cherry
The clusters are conical in shape and small in size. Weight - 120-300 g. The density is average. The berries are round, medium, weight - up to 3 g. The skin is dense, medium thickness. The color is black. The pulp is juicy, colored in purple-black. The taste is pleasant, with notes of cherry.
Sugar content - up to 18-21%. Acidity - 9-10 g / l. The fruits are suitable for the preparation of high-quality, highly acidic wines that are stored in barrels for a long time.
Crystal is a technical grape variety of Hungarian selection. It is obtained by crossing species of Amur, Villar Blanc, Challoci Lajosh. Represents non-covering species. Suitable for growing in the suburbs.
Ripening early. From the beginning of the growing season to the fruit ripening phase, 110-115 days pass. Fruits begin to collect from mid-August.
Among the positive characteristics of the variety are:
- high productivity;
- resistance to low temperatures: maintains indicators to -29 ° C;
- immunity to powdery mildew, downy mildew, gray rot;
- excellent survival of seedlings;
- undemanding care.
It is worth watching the thickening of the canopy of the bush, otherwise the ovaries will begin to crumble, the clusters will become disheveled. As a result, yield indicators will decline.
The culture is medium. The leaves are dark green, medium in size, strongly cut. Bisexual flowers. Young shoots have a reddish tint. Shoots ripening - 85-90%. The optimal load is 60 eyes per bush with a length of pruning fruit vines for 3-4 eyes.
The clusters are cylindrical-conical or conical, weighing up to 200 g, dense. The berries are oval, yellow-green, sometimes white, with a waxy coating. Weight - up to 2 g. Skin is thin. The pulp is soft honey, juicy.
Accumulates sugar up to 23% (on average - 18%). Acidity - up to 6 g / l. The return of juice is 70%.
The variety is used in winemaking: produce white table wine.
Regent is one of the best technical grape varieties. He is from Germany. Parents - Diana and Chambursen. Represents non-covering species. But in the regions of Moscow, Tver, it should be harbored.
It has an average late ripening period. 130-140 days pass from the swelling of the kidneys to the full ripeness of the fruit. Enjoy the fruits at the end of September. Yields are average, depending on the region of cultivation.
The fruits must be picked on time
According to the description, the Regent has such positive properties:
- frost resistance: withstands temperatures of -27 ° C-28 ° C;
- rapid ripening of shoots;
- good rooting of seedlings;
- immunity to gray rot, oidium, mildew and phylloxera.
If the fruits are not collected on time, they begin to crumble and lose acidity. The variety is sensitive to nutrient deficiencies in the soil, especially magnesium. Differs in exacting care. It is not recommended for cultivation in the northern regions, because the fruits may not have time to ripen.
The plant is small (up to 4 m), highly branching. The branches are strong and wide. Leaves are medium or large, rich green. The edges are serrated, the veins are bright. Fruitful shoots 80%. Pruning is carried out at the level of 3-4 eyes. The optimal load on the bush is 60-80 eyes.
The clusters are conical, small. Weight - 160-185 g. The density is average. The berries are round. The color is dark blue, almost black. Weight - 1.5 g. The skin is thin. The pulp is juicy, blue-violet, has the aroma of herbs and nutmeg.
Sugar content of fruits is 22%, acidity - 8 g / l. The variety is used in winemaking, from the berries receive high-quality red table wines, compotes, juices are prepared.
When growing technical grape varieties, a mechanized cultivation method is often used. For the Moscow region and the middle regions, these types are perfect: Isabella, Lydia, Alpha.
Technical grape varieties suitable for the Central Black Soil and the South are Muscat Muscovy, Cardinal, Madeleine Anzhevin and others. For the northern grapes - Riddle Sharova, Timur, Early Russian, Black Sweet.
Table and technical grape varieties are distinguished by the chemical composition of berries. Gardeners do not take into account the external qualities of the fruit. They are popular for their balanced sugar and acid content.