The best siderates for carrots
After many years of planting, the soil deteriorates, the humus layer is depleted, the presence of useful components decreases. The soil becomes more dense, oxygen does not penetrate deep into. To improve the crop, green manure is added to the soil for carrots.
The best siderates for carrots
Siderat sits under carrots as a top dressing, created to improve soil fertility. Beneficial features:
- protect from the influence of spring frosts;
- inhibit weed growth;
- save moisture in the soil;
- make it loose;
- nourish the necessary components;
- create a high-quality humus layer;
- reduce the likelihood of pests;
- stop the process of weathering the soil.
How to plant siderata in spring
Soil is processed to a depth of 10 cm. Otherwise, there is a chance of overdrying the top layer of the soil, and the roots of the plants will not get moisture from the bottom layer of the soil. A prerequisite is to loosen the soil. Seeds are sown in grooves or scattered in the garden.
They are planted only in previously prepared, weed-free soil. In the overgrown area, the grains will not germinate.
All siderates are not perfect. Different crops require certain plants. To make carrots grow faster, the following are used: oil radish, mustard, rape and rape.
This is a cruciferous early ripe green manure, suitable for sowing in areas that were vacant by the end of summer. Not picky about the soil, suitable for heavy soils - it will provide good loosening and structuring. It is economical in consumption, seedlings appear a maximum of a week, are not afraid of the cold - grows to frost if sown later. The rosette at the roots will consist of 4-5 leaves 2-3 weeks after the first shoots, and will begin to bloom in a month. Mow radish oilseed before the appearance of flowers.
The maximum yield is obtained during the appearance of the pods.
Radish is much larger than mustard, has coarser stems, on farms it is given the opportunity to grow longer, harvested using machinery. For an average summer resident, the plant has to be mowed after 1-1.5 months.
As a siderat, oilseed radish should be sown in rows, leaving at least 15 cm between the seeds. The seeds are consumed about 2-3 g per 1 m2, deepened by 2-4 cm.
It is advisable to sow rapeseed in August
Picky to soil content. Apply on sod-podzolic, light and medium loamy soils and chernozems, normally grows on sandy loam. High humidity areas will not work.
Sowing canola is preferable in August. If you do this earlier, cultures will grow and hurt. Rapeseed easily winters at a height of no more than 25cm, and with a rosette of 6-8 leaves.
He reacts hard to climate change. Its root system can rot. The same will happen if you add a lot of nitrogen fertilizing. When sowing seeds, deepen by 2-3 cm. The first seedlings can be obtained after 4-5 days.
When spring comes, it grows further. By the end of spring blooms. Half a month before planting carrots, they mow it. It is sensitive to rot of the root system, to the defeat of diseases.
It is better to sow mustard from mid-August to mid-September. It quickly grows and grows foliage, resistant to frost. Protects the soil from loss of nitrogen and other active ingredients. It is used on boggy and acidic soils.
She is most often preferred, because it is practically undemanding to the soil. Clayy, sandy, light silty soils are suitable for sowing crops in early autumn. It is not affected by temperature changes. It is not necessary to deepen the seeds, it grows easily on the soil without additional treatments.
Before choosing the necessary nutrition, it is necessary to conduct a thorough assessment of the site, to understand what result is expected in the end. To make the carrots large and tasty, oilseed, mustard, rape, and rapeseed are planted as siderates.