The best self-pollinated varieties of cucumbers
To get a crop of vegetables, it is important to choose a hybrid that is suitable for the climatic characteristics of the region. In the conditions of the Moscow region and the Leningrad region, it is difficult to find resistant plants. What are the self-pollinated varieties of cucumbers? We will analyze the most popular and undemanding varieties.
The best self-pollinated varieties of cucumbers
Natural features of the zone
The Moscow Region and the Leningrad Region are located in Central Russia. Like most of the regions included in this climate zone, they are referred to the risky farming belt. When growing heat-loving crops, farmers often encounter common problems.
- Lack of heat. The ripening of cucumbers requires at least 40 days with a comfortable temperature (from 20 ° C and above).
- Lack of natural light. In temperate climates, there are rarely long sunny periods. The Middle Strip is characterized by a protracted spring and cold summer, which always negatively affects the yield of vegetables.
- Frost Cultivation of heat-loving crops in the open field is faced with problems such as returning cold.
In rainy and cold weather, bees are very reluctant to move, which causes a serious decrease in yield in dependent varieties
In conditions of risky farming, you should not choose long-ripening or requiring pollination by insect varieties. To protect crops and minimize losses, it is necessary to transfer seedlings to greenhouses. Modern breeders have developed unique plants that meet all the requirements of the climate zone.
Options for greenhouses
Self-pollinated varieties of cucumbers grow well both under the film and on balconies and loggias. Parthenocarpic hybrids do not require insects and an abundance of sunny days, so they will be relevant in the suburbs and the Leningrad region. To get a rich harvest, it will not be superfluous to combine several types of vegetable creeper in the garden.
An early ripe variety that has a female type of flowering. The medium-sized plant enters into fruiting 35 days after the seeds have sprouted. A strong hybrid is resistant to all known diseases: true and downy mildew.
On one nodule, 3 medium green leaves are formed, weighing up to 80 g and a length of 7 cm. A hard, crisp pulp with a pleasant aroma, without bitterness. The vegetable is suitable for use both in the form of salads and for canning and salting.
An early self-pollinating gherkin with a female type of flowering. Designed exclusively for greenhouses and film shelters. From the appearance of the first seedlings to the beginning of active fruiting, no more than 7 weeks pass. Large cucumbers reach 120 g with a length of 13 centimeters. The surface is covered with thin skin with tiny dots.
Hybrid Benefis F1 has maximum immunity to powdery mildew and all root rot, excellent taste characteristics without specific cucumber bitterness. Universal vegetable is relevant both in fresh form and as pickles and pickles.
The plant belongs to the self-pollinating varieties of cucumbers ripening 45 days after sowing. A variety of beam type is distinguished by friendly flowering and fruit setting. It has a mid-vine with a small number of side lashes.
Excellent taste allows you to use the vegetable in any form. Cucumbers with large tubercles and tiny spikes grow up to 12 cm. When grown in greenhouses, there are no problems with powdery mildew and rot.
Variety Artist is resistant to disease
The early Dutch hybrid is suitable for both indoor and outdoor use. The first fruits ripen by the 40th day after emergence. During the entire vegetative period, increased productivity is observed. Powerful parthenocarpic plants do not require shoulder pollination and have a strong root system. High resistance to common cultural diseases:
- cucumber mosaic;
- powdery mildew (true and false).
The variety F1 Artist has even, cylindrical cucumbers with a white edge along the surface. The thick skin is covered with small, frequent spikes and weakly pronounced spots. Crispy flesh with good taste is not bitter, therefore it is relevant in any form.
The early-ripening bud plant of a universal type is suitable for both greenhouses and hydroponics. Photophilous culture with excellent branching forms from 3 to 6 ovaries in the nodes.
Neat brightly colored cucumbers are covered with small tubercles and spikes. High palatability allows you to use raw and as marinades. Thanks to successful selection, the variety Anyuta has excellent resistance to all fungal ailments.
Open ground options
Self-pollinating cucumbers grow well outside greenhouses and apartments. Plants have early maturity, relevant not only for the Moscow region and the Leningrad region, but also the regions of Siberia. Adapted hybrids mature in at least 5 weeks; therefore, they are recommended for cultivation in short summer conditions.
Undemanding variety from Ukraine, which for several years has enjoyed well-deserved popularity among farmers. Despite the fact that the plant was created for greenhouse cultivation, domestic farmers plant it without problems in open ground. Ripening fruits are distinguished by excellent taste characteristics and will please the hosts with a plentiful harvest: from 10 kg per 1 sq. Km. m
Hybrid Zozulya is stable in all types of ailments, so caring for it will not be difficult. Short-haired vines take up little space on the site and do not obscure the neighbors. The versatility makes the vegetable an excellent fresh or pickled dish.
Early ripe cucumbers of the beam type of flowering with an increased yield period. From hatching of the seed to the first fruits, no more than 35 days pass. Beautiful tuberous gherkins with crispy odorous flesh. Thanks to the efforts of geneticists, the variety does not have unpleasant bitterness, which makes it the desired product for consumption in a fresh and canned form.
A strong and unpretentious plant is suitable for cultivation by beginners. The vegetable has an increased immunity to all diseases. Quickly adapts to adverse conditions without compromising crop yields.
The variety can be grown at home on the balcony
Among undersized plants, it is recommended to pay attention to the hybrid of domestic selection. An early cucumber tolerates both greenhouse conditions and open ground. A compact bush is often grown in an apartment on a windowsill. The first results appear 38 days after sowing the seeds. Female flowering does not require insects.
Oval tuberous fruits reach a weight of 100 g and grow to almost 10 cm in length. Tender, crunchy flesh without bitterness is covered with a thin green skin with stripes. With a reasonable fit, you can get up to 12 kg per 1 sq. Km. m. Ant brings the first crop a week earlier than other similar species.
An early domestic breeding hybrid is ideal for growing in regions with short summers. The plant enters the fruiting period after 40 days, characterized by simultaneous ripening. Delicious cucumbers are not bitter, therefore they are used in raw and canned form.
An undemanding culture is a great option for beginners. The self-pollinating bush has a high resistance to diseases, especially to peronosporosis. With minimal care from 1 square. m manages to get at least 10 kg of greens.
Self-pollinated cucumbers of domestic selection enjoy increased attention from farmers. The first crop ripens 40 days after sizing seeds. In this case, the number of sunny days does not matter: the fruits are formed under any conditions.
Thanks to the work of geneticists, there is no bitterness in the Orpheus hybrid and no male, “empty” flowers. The plant shows equally good results both in greenhouse and in soil cultivation.
Options for shady areas
Cucumbers are sun-loving plants, but the land allotment does not always boast the same illumination from all sides. To get a crop of vegetables, it is better to choose shade-hardy varieties. Adapted vines produce excellent fertility under conditions of limited radiation.
Mid-season hybrid ripens after 42 days after the seeds have sprouted. The name perfectly describes the characteristics of the variety. It develops well in small areas and cultivated without problems in Central Russia. On a sprawling plant with an abundance of lashes, the fruits are united.
Female self-pollinated flowering cucumbers are resistant to all types of diseases. With proper care, the liana will delight you with delicious products without specific bitterness. Zelentsy is suitable for both canning and raw consumption.
Strong strong-growing variety is characterized by enhanced shade tolerance. It shows good results both under the film and on the open ground. The plant is immune to all diseases.
In the sinuses of the lashes, 2 ovaries are formed, from which greenery is then formed. Large tuberous fruits reach a mass of 120 g, are distinguished by dense crisp flesh without bitterness. Universal focus allows you to use the crop in a fresh and canned form.
The original Russian selection is suitable for glazed greenhouses and cultivation on the balcony. A high-yielding plant will surprise with "smooth-skinned" cucumbers, reaching 25 cm in length. Large green stuff (up to 250 g) has a rich aroma, crispy pulp without bitterness. Suitable exclusively for fresh consumption.
A medium-sized female flowering liana forms 2 ovaries in the sinuses.
The species is resistant to diseases, but it is extremely demanding on the quality of the soil. Before planting in a greenhouse, it is recommended to reduce the acidity of the soil.
Window and balcony F1
A popular hybrid that easily adapts to adverse conditions. It is grown without problems in poor lighting and temperatures below the recommended norm. Suitable for both beginners for apartment cultivation and professionals for the greenhouse.
Vegetable liana is a mid-season species, so ripening occurs 2 months after the seeds have sprouted. Dark green glossy fruits grow 15 cm in length. Fragrant, crunchy flesh without bitterness is suitable for making salads. With normal thickening of landings from 1 square. m it turns out to remove at least 12 kg of greens.
Not always climatic features of the region allow you to grow vegetables during the summer. To solve the problem, it is worth choosing hybrids suitable for the Moscow region and the Leningrad region.