The best pepper seeds for Siberia
Pepper seeds for Siberia differ in ripening time and are ideal for a cold climate. They are divided into mid-ripening and early ripening. Consider the best pepper seeds for Siberia.
Pepper seeds for Siberia
Varieties for open ground
The best varieties of pepper for Siberia that are suitable for outdoor cultivation are Oriole, Golden Pyramid, Topolin, Veselinka, Goby, Morozko, Cavalier, Valenok, Merchant, Kolobok, Siberian Prince, Siberian Firstborn, Bogatyr, Dakar and Triton.
According to the characteristic, it is a yellow species with high productivity. It can grow up to 10 kg per 1 m² and reach a weight of 75-90 g, however, the sweet taste and aroma compensate for the small size.
This is a mid-early variety. From the day of sowing and until the first fruits ripen, less than 120 days pass. It is unpretentious and well suited for a cold region, as it knits well in low temperatures and poor lighting.
Red bell peppers with large fruits. Its productivity is high, approximately 45-50 t / ha. The fruits of this variety differ in weight in 140-170 g, at least one pepper ripens 100-110 days after planting.
This is a disease-resistant plant, so it is very popular among the West Siberian region.
The name of this plant speaks for itself. According to the characteristic:
- the fruits ripen 110 days after planting;
- the variety is resistant to stressful conditions;
- fruits have a weight of up to 160 g;
- the variety has a small yield: about 4-6 kg per 1 m²;
- the variety is distinguished by excellent taste and juiciness.
Firstborn of Siberia
Sweet red or yellow firstborn Siberia can reach 50 cm in length. The plant is immune to almost all viruses.
The fruit mass is on average 60 g, length - 10-12 cm. Planted seeds of sweet vegetables give the largest fruits in just 100 days and in the amount of 4-5 kg / m².
Red, yellow and orange varieties of peppers for Siberia have a bright color and huge size, in connection with which they got their name. Of course, these are not ultra-early varieties, but still they ripen in 90-105 days. This Siberian bush is very unpretentious and has an average fruit mass of about 200 g, in some cases the Red Bull has a weight of 400 g.
The length reaches 25 cm, and the yield is 8-10 kg / m², which is considered a good indicator. Varieties are also very well suited for the Urals, their cultivation in this area will not cause problems.
Varieties for the greenhouse
The best varieties of peppers for Siberia in greenhouse conditions are Korenovsky, Merchant, Belozerka and Casablanca.
We plant seedlings in a greenhouse
According to the description, this Bulgarian shrub in greenhouse conditions ripens in about 70 days. The mass of one fruit is 70-80 g, which is considered an average. Red pulp has a beneficial bonus as a high content of vitamin C.
Such a plant is perfect for both open ground and greenhouses. The yield of bell pepper in Siberia is small: only 3-4 kg per 1 m², the bush is suitable for the cold land of the Urals. Due to the uniqueness of the plant after the greenhouse, you can safely transplant it into the garden on open ground.
This variety takes first place among the varieties of peppers for Siberia, created specifically for greenhouse soil. The mid-ripening plant ripens in 4 months. Sufficiently large and heaviest fruits of the bush can weigh 170 g.
Juicy Siberian variety can be stored for a long time without loss of taste and appearance, however, these plants are not very fruitful: only 5 kg / m².
This pepper has a white tint. The height of the bush is up to 75 cm, the mass of ripened fruits is up to 100 g.
The early fruits of this plant ripen within 100-120 days. White pulp is saturated with juice and sugar, and the aroma is considered one of the best among all varieties of peppers for Siberia.
An early ripe hybrid of sweet pepper, the seeds of which bear fruit already 80-90 days after planting a cold Siberian region on the ground. The variety is mainly suitable for the greenhouse, and not for cold soil, and in the process of ripening changes color from green to orange.
Large fruits grow too close to each other, so a few bushes are enough for a large crop.
Diseases and Pests
Despite the fact that many varieties of peppers for Siberia are easy to care for, they can still be exposed to diseases or some pests.
The most popular disease for open and closed ground is considered rot, and aphid is a pest. Slugs, the Colorado potato beetle and the bear also cause great damage to the pepper. Among the common diseases of peppers, late blight, septoria and black leg are called.
From aphids serum helps well. In order to prevent from the bear, an hour before landing, the wells are filled with water. It is necessary to pollinate plants with wood ash from pests 3 times in one season.
Before deciding which pepper seeds can be planted in Siberia, it is important to understand that even the most unpretentious varieties will yield a bad crop if care is not in accordance with the standards. To avoid this, it is necessary to study in more depth the early varieties of pepper for Siberia and its care.