The best grades of pepper for polycarbonate greenhouses
Varieties of peppers for a polycarbonate greenhouse are selected both early and late. The main thing is to comply with all care requirements in order to get a high-quality crop.
The best grades of pepper for polycarbonate greenhouses
Features of polycarbonate greenhouses
Recently, polycarbonate is increasingly used as a material for the construction of greenhouses, since it retains heat better than glass. This is especially important if pepper is grown in a region with a changing climate.
Polycarbonate is quite flexible, this allows you to create greenhouse rooms of various shapes and types: in the form of a sphere, with a hemispherical roof, etc. Also, this building material is resistant to mechanical damage and weather conditions (strong winds, showers, degrees).
Careful selection of the right seeds is an important criterion for growing vegetables. For planting pepper in greenhouse conditions, it is necessary to select the seeds intended for this.
There are several features for choosing a variety:
- Growing conditions. Pay attention to the size of the greenhouse. Initially, it is determined which plant you need: short or tall.
- Ripening dates. Clarify what is needed: early or late variety. If the size of the greenhouse allows, both varieties can be purchased.
- Diseases They learn what diseases and pests vegetables are most susceptible to in the region, and select species with increased immunity to these ailments.
It is important to consider the lighting requirements of some varieties. If there is a backlight in the greenhouse, you need not worry about it, otherwise you need to install phytolamps: they give light radiation and the heat that seedlings need.
An obstacle to fertility can be not only lighting, but also the plant's belonging to another region. Even in a fully equipped greenhouse, it is impossible to grow species intended for another locality. It is best to purchase seed materials for seed.
Every autumn, it is important to clean the greenhouse. Later types of vegetables are usually dug up and transplanted into large pots to grow them at home. This method will extend the yield until mid-winter.
Hybrid and true grade
If a hybrid labeled F1 is grown in the greenhouse, it makes no sense to get seeds from it. In such plants, the fruiting qualities do not extend for several plantings. This is a disadvantage, because every year you have to buy new seeds.
But there are advantages: hybrids are good for high yields, as well as good resistance to many diseases.
The advantage of these varieties is that they can be re-grown for many years (the exact value depends on the particular variety). They are usually not whimsical to growing conditions, resistant to temperature extremes and high humidity. The main disadvantage of this variety is unstable productivity.
Features of growing pepper in a greenhouse
Stick to recommendations
Choosing the best seeds for a greenhouse, it is important to study all the features of growing plants in this way:
- The soil needs preliminary preparation before planting seedlings. Garden soil must be mixed with humus or peat and sand.
- Water comes to plants artificially (rain bays do not take part in cultivation), so the soil needs to be fed. It is fertilized 3-4 times a season.
- When planting varieties of pepper for a greenhouse, make sure that sweet and sharp self-pollinated varieties of such a vegetable do not grow near, since pollination can occur and the taste of the fruit deteriorates.
- Vegetables should be planted to a depth of at least 20 cm and 40 cm apart.
At least 1-2 windows must be made in a polycarbonate greenhouse; in hot weather, it must be ventilated so that the plants do not dry out. The vegetable is sensitive to high temperature and dry air, and if agricultural technology is disturbed, even the best varieties of salad pepper for the greenhouse will not yield a quality crop.
Variety of greenhouse varieties
Modern selection is rich in various types of greenhouse peppers, characterized by good taste, appearance and a high level of productivity.
The best seeds of salad peppers for a greenhouse with names and descriptions:
|Atlant||Tall type of red pepper, has good yields in different types of soils. Average height - 80 cm. Large-sized vegetable with a mass of 80-150 g. The taste is classic, juicy flesh.|
The period from germination to maturity is 110 days. The species is ideal for greenhouse cultivation in polycarbonate rooms.
|Alyonushka||The vegetable is hybrid. Among the mid-early, he is considered one of the best. The height of the bush reaches 1 m. The shape of the fruit is pyramidal. Ripening lasts from 100 to 130 days.|
|Prince Silver||Vegetables of early maturity - up to 100 days. Bushes of medium height - about 80 cm. The shape of the bushes is neat. Fruits are conical in appearance, smooth-walled. The pulp is juicy. Average weight - 95 g. Prince Silver is resistant to ailments. It can be planted near hot peppers.|
|Orange miracle||Early grade. It ripens within 90 days after planting. The color of the ripened vegetable is orange. In size, it is larger than average vegetables (150 g). The pulp is dense and not very juicy, with a thick peel. The variety has good storage performance.|
|Hercules||The vegetable reaches ripeness after 130 days. The height of the bush is 60 cm. The fruits are cubic in shape with smooth walls, sweet taste. The average weight is 140 g, and the maximum is up to 200 g. The color when ripe is red. The vegetable is resistant to infections.|
|California Miracle||The color of the variety is bright red. The vegetable has excellent storage performance. The species is not suitable for cultivation in the northern regions.|
|Arsenal||The bushes are medium-sized: their height is about 70 cm. They are highly fertile. They have a conical shape. Weight reaches 120 g. It is planted near sweet varieties.|
|Pinocchio||Matures within 100 days. The shape of the fruit is conical elongated. The color of the fruit is pale red. Weight - 150 g. Medium-sized bush, 100-120 cm.|
|Golden Tamara||The fruits of this variety are of unusual shape, more like tomatoes. The size of the vegetable is one of the largest - up to 200 g. The pulp is fleshy, sweet, juicy. The fruit tastes like bell peppers. Walls of average thickness - about 9 mm. The height of the bush is about 90 cm. This species is the earliest: it ripens in 90 days. Vegetable is good for conservation, resistant to many viruses.|
|Swallow||Mid-season species. It has a sweet taste. The color of the fruit is red. They are conical in shape. Full ripening occurs 120 days after planting. High bush - 130 cm. Medium-sized vegetables - 150 g.|
|Cardinal||The height of the bush is more than 1 m. The variety is late-ripening, but high-yielding. The fruits are large (200 g), juicy, thin-skinned. By the end of the ripening period, the fruit acquires an eggplant color.|
|Winnie the Pooh||Early ripe appearance. Ripening - up to 100 days. The fruits are conical in shape. Color red with yellowish flashes. The mass of the vegetable is about 170 g. It is characterized by short-term storage. The skin is thin, juicy, with loose flesh. The height of the bush is medium-sized - up to 65 cm.|
|Claudio||Hybrid Dutch variety. Ripening fruits ripen for a period of up to 130 days. The largest fruits reach 250-300 g. At the final stage of maturity, the color takes on a brown-red hue. The shape of the vegetable is standard, with a short tail. The bush is voluminous, 140 cm high. The variety has good storage performance, is immune to various diseases.|
Each variety, regardless of its characteristic immunity to disease, needs good care. It includes:
- planting seedlings;
- planting in the greenhouse at the appropriate time;
- control over the moisture level in the greenhouse and soil;
- regular fertilizing.
In the case of flowering, pay attention to the moisture level. Such a reaction may occur due to waterlogging or due to dry air. For one bush, 300-500 ml of warm water is enough.
Peppers can be damaged by Colorado or May beetles, aphids. It is necessary to protect the greenhouse plant exclusively with the biological preparations Fitoverm and Lepidocide. They are good because they do not contain chemical poisons. If you add phosphate or potassium crop fertilizer to the care, this will serve as a prevention of aphid reproduction.
High yielding of greenhouse peppers is achieved through the proper selection of seeds and thorough care for them. It is important to pay attention to the characteristics of each vegetable individually in order to choose the right variety for a polycarbonate greenhouse.