Beginner Tomato Variety
If in doubt, what kind of tomato to grow at home in the garden or on the farm, it is recommended to pay attention to the tomato beginner or newcomer deluxe. Despite the name, this variety is characterized by high productivity and optimal taste parameters, as evidenced by many years of practice. Tomato novice is the result of many years of work by our compatriots engaged in research in the field of selection. The plant was created on the territory of the Volgograd selection center.
Beginner Tomato Variety
The rookie entered the register of tomatoes in 1968. An interesting fact is that tomatoes belong to the nightshade family, on the basis of which modern botany classifies tomatoes as berries. According to the EU decision, in 2011, tomatoes officially became fruits and are no longer considered vegetables. Before purchasing this variety, you need to study the description, find out what characteristics the fruit has, see photos and videos, and also read reviews from other gardeners. Only in this case, you will be sure if you should buy such a variety.
Characteristics and description of tomato
The description indicates that such a tomato variety belongs to terminal crops, the fruits of which ripen quite quickly, because the newcomer variety is considered an early variety. The bush looks very compact and is not standard. The plant has enough leaves that have a classic color and shape. When the plant reaches a height of 500-900 mm, then supports should be installed for it and it is advisable to tie each bush. The optimal development of a tomato bush is possible in the case of regular elimination of stepsons, which can form during the development period.
The first brush of fruits appears slightly above 5-7 leaves. Further, the fruits are placed at intervals of 1-2 sheets. In one brush, 6-7 fruits are observed, while the sizes of the tomatoes are approximately the same. The fruit is always saturated red. The shape of the berries resembles an oval, like an egg. The weight of one tomato and the yield depends on the care. On average, one fruit weighs 85-105 grams. The fruits have a dense structure and good meatiness.
In each berry there are 3-5 chambers, tomatoes are easily separated from the petioles. The fruits ripen in parallel to each other, which is very important when growing tomatoes. The picking of bushes should be done after the third true leaf appears, and the first pinching is carried out after the seedlings are transplanted into prepared beds. The characteristics of the fruits of the novice variety are very good and, with proper care, such tomatoes will delight gardeners with an abundant and tasty harvest.
Benefits of Tomato Variety Novice
- Operative and parallel emergence of fruits occurs approximately 53-56 days after transplanting seedlings into the ground.
- Optimum resistance to the most common ailments of tomatoes.
- The preservation of fruits in the case of delivery can minimize losses in the sale of products.
- The beginner grows a tomato variety for the garden in greenhouses and under the open sky, which makes this type of tomato universal.
There are no obvious disadvantages, which can be verified by reading the reviews of people who have experienced this variety of tomatoes.
Harvest and its use
On a square meter of land you can place 6-7 plants, if you use a planting scheme, where a 50x40 cm platform relies on one bush. Each bush brings about 2 kg of tomatoes. With a square meter of soil, the average yield is 12-15 kg. The key advantage of the tomatoes in question is their resistance to overheating and cracking on the fruit and the optimal parameters in the field of taste. Novice red tomatoes are consumed fresh, and the optimal and approximately the same size of the fruit makes them an ideal product for preservation.
Tomato growing and care system
Healthy and strong seedlings will delight you with a good harvest
The main task of the work of specialists from Volgograd was to create a universal variety of tomatoes that will be grown on open ground in the south of the Russian Federation or in greenhouses. In the middle part of the Russian Federation and in Siberia it is more rational to use greenhouse or greenhouse cultivation. It is recommended to prepare the seeds to do the following:
- Culling - provides the selection of large quality seeds of normal weight. Make a solution - 200 grams of water and 2 grams of salt. Seeds are poured into this mass, after which the solution should be stirred. After about a quarter of an hour, planting material settles and it is necessary to reject those specimens that have surfaced. The seeds remaining at the bottom are washed and dried, as they are considered suitable for planting.
- Etching will eliminate potential pathogens that may be on the planting material. The procedure is carried out thanks to a solution of manganese, where the seeds are located for 20-25 minutes.
- Germination accelerates the germination of seeds when they are wrapped in wet gauze or paper. The main thing is that the paper or gauze does not dry out and get wet.
- Hardening helps to increase the resistance of the bushes to changes in temperature indicators. This effect is achieved as follows - the planting material is soaked and sent to the refrigerator for 12 hours, after which the seeds are kept at a temperature of 18-20 degrees Celsius. This event is best repeated several times.
We grow seedlings correctly
If you plan to grow a beginner tomato in the open air, then you need to plant the seeds around March 15th. In the case of growing tomatoes in an unheated greenhouse, the seeds can be planted in late February - early March. In some cases, instructions are attached that indicate a detailed description, photo or description of when and how to plant the seeds.
Before planting, the soil is watered with growth stimulants, after which seeds are placed on the soil and sprinkled with 10-15 mm. Boxes with planted seeds are placed in an area with good lighting. For seed germination, it is necessary that the air temperature does not fall below 23 degrees Celsius.
Watering and feeding is best combined. It is good to water the seedlings 4 times - when planting, the emergence of sprouts, when the first full leaves appear and before diving. Seedlings are planted in the greenhouse after the earth warms up to at least 15 degrees Celsius. If the system of watering and growing tomatoes is fully respected, then tomatoes will delight you with an abundance of fruits.
Diseases and pests
The novice tomato variety under consideration is optimally resistant to various diseases, for example, macrosporiosis and rot on the roots. Fungal prophylaxis is performed by treating the bushes with a solution consisting of 10 liters of water, 200 grams of milk and 6 Trichopol tablets. If dark spots appear on the bushes, which indicates the development of late blight, you can use the drug "Tattu". Be sure to adhere to the rules of use of the drug. Pests are best eliminated by proven means, which, unlike pesticides, will not cause harm to health, but will eliminate the bear, tick, aphids and slugs.
The bear will not bother if you use dry, finely chopped marigolds, which should sprinkle soil around each bush. Ticks and aphids will remain in the past thanks to tobacco, a decoction of elderberry, infusion of chamomile or tincture of garlic. Slugs will not damage the novice pink tomato crop due to tincture of capsicum, burdock or wild garlic. Parsley and dill are grown around the perimeter of the garden so that the Colorado potato beetle does not attack tomato crops.
Seeds for a garden or farm are always justified. Many successful farmers and gardeners engaged in the cultivation of actual varieties of tomatoes and placing high demands on the size and quality of fruits always grow novice tomatoes on beds that are well established in the farming market. The main thing before you start growing a red beginner variety, study all aspects of care, read the description, find out if such a variety is suitable for your climate.