Ayrshire breed of cows
The Ayrshire breed of cows attracts many cattle breeders around the world, distinguished by their milk production, receiving extremely positive feedback from livestock producers.
Ayrshire breed of cows
The uniqueness of ayrshir
Ayrshire dairy breed of cows was formed as an independent branch of cattle by 1814, having appeared for the first time in the Scottish county of Ayr. Among the ayrshir’s ancestors, such cattle breeds as Shorthorn, Alderney, Tisquater, and Jersey are noted.
The Ayrshire cows that appeared as a result of interbreeding with local brown and motley animals were noticed due to their beautiful exterior, as can be seen from the photo and video. With an excellent udder structure, they have become excellent producers of dairy products and have won the hearts of fans with excellent-quality milk for cheese and butter production.
The Ayrshire breed of cows is bred in countries with diverse climatic conditions, from northern Finland to southern Africa and Colombia. The largest population of Ayrshire breed is in Finland and has about 140, 000 animals. In Russia, they began to breed them from the end of the 19th century. The price of an adult starts from 100 thousand rubles.
In the conditions of walking on natural pastures, representatives of cattle gained stamina and strong physique, the ability to quickly acclimatize, which had a direct impact on the quality of milk being dispensed. Animals of this breed easily adapted to new climatic conditions, therefore they quickly spread throughout Europe and North America, bypassing only the hot equatorial countries where ayrshires are bred extremely rarely.
Appearance of Ayrshirs
Ayrshirs have a pronounced milky type of physique, which can be easily seen in the photo and video:
- proportional sizes, the body is long with a straight back and a long lumbar, sharp and even shoulders and deep chest,
- a straight neck smoothly passes into a proportionally folded head with a wide muzzle,
- in front, the udder looks like a strong and tightened one, set back high and wide, with evenly developed nipples up to 6 cm long,
- milk vein is long, winding,
- limbs neatly folded with strong and smooth hock joints,
- hooves differ in smooth edges.
The leading breeding farms during the breeding of ayrshirs pay special attention to the state of animal hooves, selecting for breeding those individuals with healthy limbs, which is of no small importance for maintaining the longevity of a dairy cow.
The suit of these animals has a reddish motley shade. In this case, the predominance of red or white is permissible. Red tint is possible in variations from light red tones to dark brown. Some Ayrshire bulls are marked with dark spots similar to black.
For a long time, the visiting card of the Ayrshirs were antlers - lyre-shaped, with ends bent back.
The average weight for such a breed of cows is about 0.6 tons.
Every farmer who has this breed will say that milk from these cows differs in excellent taste. In addition, a feature of their dairy products is the low levels of somatic cells in milk. These qualities have become the reason why in many countries this dairy product goes to the production of baby food.
Average milk yields from representatives of the described breed totaled up to 8.5 thousand kg of milk with protein indicators of 3.4%, fat content - at least 4.3%.
Newborn calves of Ayrshire are born weighing 25-30 kg, are viable and easy to maintain and care. One-year-old animals weigh 0.25 - 0.3 tons. An early ripening burenka becomes suitable for insemination to reach the age of 14 months. Bulls have a good feeding characteristic. Animals quickly gain weight, giving up to 55% of live meat weight for slaughter.
Positive qualities of the breed
Ayrshire cattle differ from other representatives of cattle in their positive qualities and have their advantages.
- Ayrshires can boast of stable milk yields, while the productivity of cattle of this breed is maintained at the proper level even with existing problems with feed, gradually reducing only the fat content of the product.
- The Ayrshire breed, similar to the Holstein breed of cows, surpasses it in the quality of milk produced, which is characterized by high basic indicators of fat content and protein content.
- Ayrshire cow has established itself as a long-term productivity. Among the representatives of cattle of this breed, numerous lifelong annual milk yields of more than 150, 000 kg of dairy products were recorded.
- Representatives of the breed are able to adapt to different climates, differing in their endurance and unpretentiousness to the consumed feed.
- Ayrshirs noted excellent health, including well-built limbs and a healthy udder, they are distinguished by light calving.
- During the breeding process, livestock breeders noted the absence of any serious defects in the Ayrshire breed in the field of genetics that could be transmitted through the hereditary line, including from bulls carrying low-quality alleles.
Responses of livestock breeders claim that Ayrshire cows are easy to maintain, they are suitable for grazing and have an active temperament. The characteristic of ayrshir does not mention minuses which breeders could note.