Ataman grape cultivation

Summer is a season of sweet fruits and berries, not only tasty but also healthy. Fruits grown on their own plot enhance these properties. Ataman grapes have been successfully grown by our country's gardeners for many years.

Ataman grape cultivation

general characteristics

Ataman hybrid table variety was bred for cultivation in the southern regions of Russia and Ukraine. One of his main virtues - fertility - he inherited from an ancestor called the Talisman. The bright color and large size of the fruits Ataman inherited from Rizamat.

The variety is unpretentious, frost-resistant (up to -23 ° C) with medium resistance to disease. Not affected by wasps. Medium-late maturity is about 4 months.

According to the description, the average weight of the bunch is 700 g, for individual champions - up to 1, 300 kg. The bushes of the plant with 50 eyes are vigorous, the leaf is green, star-shaped, 5-lobed, fluffy foliage. The vine is beige. The cuttings are capable of strong rooting and quick fusion with the stock during grafting. Harvest during formation ripens for at least 4 months - in regions with a warm climate this occurs in the second half of September.

Features of the fruit

Berries of Ataman Pavlyuk grapes have the following parameters:

  • weight - 15-22 g;
  • diameter - an average of 38 mm;
  • shape - an elongated oval;
  • seeds - 3 in one berry;
  • color - reddish pink, sometimes purple;
  • taste - sweet and sour;
  • the flesh is juicy;
  • peel - hard, with a slight waxy coating;
  • sugar percentage - 19;
  • acid content - 7 g / dm3.

Berries do not peel and do not crack under changing weather conditions. For this reason, the variety is considered transportable.

Correct landing

The degree of complexity of further grape care, the quality and quantity of the future crop depend on the literacy of the planting operations. Ataman grapes, like other varieties, love sunlight, so the landing site is chosen on the south side, well blown by the winds. The southwest slope is ideal. A humid environment can cause the multiplication of fungal infections in the soil where Ataman grows, so the movement of air in the atmosphere should be free.

The landing time is spring (from April to June) or autumn (from October to the onset of cold weather). In the second case, it is necessary to provide covering protection to the seedling. Sprinkle the landing pit with sawdust or needles. Mix the topsoil with ash, humus and superphosphate and form a mound. Such mulching will help preserve the plant's heat balance.

Seedlings for planting are carefully selected, checked for damage and disease. The most suitable seedling age is 1 year, when their size reaches 10 cm, thickness - 12 mm. Before planting, they are soaked in clay. Extra shoots are removed from the shoots.

The formation of rows occurs from north to south. The distance between the rows is 2.5 m. Thick plantings lead to problems with the ventilation of plants and their premature aging.

Care Tips

The plant needs good care

  1. Watering. Needs a lot of moisture, especially in the summer. Up to 9 buckets of water are required per bush: the root system is completely moistened. Watering alternates with loosening.
  2. Shelter. For the winter, it is covered from the cold by a plastic bag or dry leaves. Make holes in the fixture so that the seedlings can breathe.
  3. Pruning. It is carried out right before shelter for the winter.
  4. Fertilizer. Top dressing with nitrogen, phosphorus / manure, mullein, compost is carried out in the spring.
  5. Protection. Pre-treatment with sulfur will protect the grapes from infection with the oidium fungus, and copper disinfection will also be useful.

Diseases and Pests

Humid weather favors the growth of bacteria. Prevention is usually carried out in April. Spraying with iron sulfate gives the plant additional iron resources, which affects the future yield and budding of the buds.

As can be seen from the description of Ataman grapes, it is endowed with medium resistance to fungal conquests. Most often, the variety is affected by oidium, a sign of which is a white coating on the leaves. The affected plant should be immediately treated with a solution of sulfur or hay dust, fungicides are also good. From mildew, treatment with Bordeaux liquid or vitriol helps.

Among the pests - aphids, scale insects, caterpillars, leafworms. They gnaw leaves and leave a sticky coating on them. In the fight against insects, such folk remedies as ash, celandine, tobacco will help. Effectively comprehensive treatment with chemicals before budding.

Conclusion

Grapes Ataman Pavlyuk - a popular variety grown in the south. Proper planting and caring care will help the gardener get a high-quality berry crop. This variety will be ideal not only for professionals, but also for beginner gardeners.

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