Assortment apple tree
Each gardener is pleased with the prospect of growing an apple tree. It captivates even more if the tree gives a tasty and rich harvest. Uspenskoye apple tree also belongs to such species.
Assortment apple tree
According to the description, the Uspenskoe apple variety is a hybrid of Prima and Bessemyanka of Michurinskaya, which made it self-fertile.
The only way of pollination is cross (therefore a tight fit is necessary).
Appearance of a tree and its fruits
The peculiarity of the variety is the slow growth of the tree, which is why the trunk is wide.
The height of the tree is average. Visually, the apple tree looks low, due to the spreading and not very thick crown, which hides its height. Skeletal branches are thick and gray in color.
The leaves are long, with a curled top, green and smooth. During flowering, light pink flowers appear on the shoots.
The fruits are large. The color is green with a bright red blush located throughout the part of the fetus. The skin is dense.
The Assumption apple has high palatability.
Thanks to this, the fruits are used for both industrial and personal purposes. This causes a difference in the amount of cultivation: some grow up to 5 trees, others grow large gardens of up to 200 hectares.
For industrial purposes, it is common to use juices, baby food, jams, marmalades, drying and selling in the form of apple chips, kits for compote, etc. Apple vinegar production is singled out separately.
In personal use, the sale of fresh fruits prevails, which is associated with an attractive appearance. In second place is cooking.
On average, the yield from one tree is 35-40 kg. With intensive cultivation, an indicator of 200-250 centners per hectare can be achieved.
The reason for this yield is the method of pollination of the tree.
Wintering is easy. The tree has a good resistance to frost (much better than the Antonovka variety).
Withstands temperatures of 30-40 ° C frost. Plant buds may be damaged, but only slightly.
Variety Assumption inherent resistance to disease. Thanks to successful selection, she has immunity to scab. The threat of powdery mildew, fruit rot, black cancer and cystoporosis remains.
The description indicates that the main pests of the apple tree: aphid, moth, flower beetle, codling moth, red tick.
Apple trees are transplanted in spring or autumn
In the natural environment, the apple tree grows in the Volga region, Altai, Voronezh, Tambov, Kursk regions. Growing is possible in any territory with black soil.
Planting a tree is possible at any time of the year, but autumn or spring will be the best choice. Each of these seasons has its own advantages, but the choice is not fundamental.
Planting in the spring will allow the trees to strengthen a little by spring, wintering will be easier and without threats.
- The best time to plant in the spring is the beginning of May or the end of April. The earth should already thaw and move away from winter. During this period, abundant watering is required. This will help to prevent the roots from drying out.
- The main advantage of autumn planting is the possibility of active development in spring and summer. A tree planted in the fall will settle in the ground, strengthen the roots, which will allow it to actively develop in the spring. This is best done in early October. This will allow the roots to strengthen enough by winter.
Before planting, the seedling must be left in the water for 1-2 days, if the roots have dried up very much, you can leave it for 4 days. We select the place by illumination. To get more delicious apples, it should not be darkened.
The soil must be fertile. Super sandy or loamy soil is perfect. Constantly conducted moisture and air. Preferably, the presence of groundwater at a distance of more than 2 m from the surface.
Dig a hole in advance for the season. Measurements directly depend on the desired tree size. The larger the pit, the greater the potential for growth will be in the tree.
When planting, it is important to add mineral and organic fertilizers to the soil, to check if the roots are free. After this, you need to sprinkle the roots with soil and tamp. The first watering is plentiful, up to 30 liters.
According to the description, caring for the Assumption apple tree is very simple.
In winter there is no need to cover the plant. In spring, pruning foliage and treatment from diseases and pests. For the last procedure, whitewashing the trunk is suitable.
Throughout the season, they collect fallen, unripe apples, which must be disposed of so that insects and diseases do not appear. After harvesting, the soil around the tree is loosened.
5 years after planting a seedling, with proper care, the tree is ready for fruiting. It begins in September and lasts until mid-October. After ripening, the fruits must be collected from the tree, because they are prone to shedding and spoilage.
It is better to store them wrapped (any paper will do) in a dark and dry cellar. The temperature in it should be low.
The opinion of gardeners about the variety
Variety of apples Uspenskoe unpretentious and easy to grow.
- resistance to cold;
- tasty fruits: the pulp is tender and juicy, with a slight acidity, has an unobtrusive, pleasant aroma .;
- resistance to scab;
- rich yield (approximately 40-50 kg per tree);
- high content of vitamin C.
Apples grow quite large, sometimes reach 250 g. At the same time, there is no need to make special efforts to care for this tree. Common procedures: crown formation, spraying, whitewashing the trunk.
The disadvantages of the Uspenskoe variety include fast overriding of the fetus and short storage (compared with other species), as well as the need to regularly prune the crown.