Arizona Potato Description
Today there are a large number of varieties of potatoes, one of them is Arizona potatoes. The variety has a great taste and has a beautiful appearance.
Arizona Potato Description
Arizona potato variety was bred in 2013 and is listed in the State Register for the Central and Central Black Earth regions. The variety is medium early, table, characterized by productivity in the range of 225-408 kg / ha. The maximum indicator is up to 577 kg / ha. The ripening period is 70-80 days.
According to the description, the bush is medium, leaf type. The stems are straight, sprawling. Large green leaves.
During the ripening period, the plant produces large corollas.
The root system is well developed.
Description of the root crop
The weight of one fruit is 112-150 g. The potato is oval, has small eyes. The skin is yellow. The pulp is light yellow. Potatoes have starch in the range of 13-16%, so the fruits are not very boiled and have a neat appearance when cooking.
The shelf life of the fruit is within 95%. Taste good.
Gardeners distinguish a number of positive characteristics of the variety:
- resistance to potato cancer and golden nematode;
- keeping up;
- good presentation;
- good taste;
- long storage.
Preparation for landing
Tubers are prepared before planting: they are germinated in a few weeks. Planting material is carried out in a bright and warm room so that the sprouts begin to produce fruits. Also, potatoes are sprayed with a growth stimulant before planting: this helps to increase yield.
Tubers should be beautiful and healthy looking, without damage. Damaged fruits must be immediately discarded, because they worsen the formation of root crops. The soil in which the vegetable is planted should not be acidic, so wood ash is added to it. Landing area should be well lit. For Arizona, a place where various herbs or onions, cabbage used to grow.
Methods for planting tubers
Tubers are treated against pests before planting
Landing begins in early or mid-May, when the earth is warmed up to a temperature of at least 12 ° C. The soil before planting is loosened, cleaned of weeds and tops. On the day of planting, the soil is treated with potassium permanganate, and the fruits themselves are treated with pests.
To increase the yield, the soil is mixed with peat and humus. The pit should be 10 cm deep, row spacing - 30 cm, and row widths - 70 cm each.
Potatoes are unpretentious in leaving, but several mandatory rules must be followed. Gardeners recommend such procedures:
- to form high beds.
- carry out watering only in hot weather conditions;
- mulch the soil so that the moisture lasts longer;
- the plant is fed during the formation of root crops; for this, potassium and phosphorus are taken, nitrogen substances are not used;
- 1 week before harvesting, the tops are cut: thus, root crops get more moisture and nutrients;
- the harvested is given time to dry, and only then is the potato harvested in the cellar for storage.
Possible diseases and pests
Type of potato Arizona has a strong immunity to potato cancer and golden nematode, but is susceptible to late blight. It affects stems and roots. To prevent the disease, the soil is loosened from time to time and the amount of watering reduced.
Germination of tubers before planting and treatment with a growth stimulant also help protect the crop from late blight.
The Arizona potato species has become especially popular in central Russia. A vegetable is undemanding in care, so even beginners are able to grow it.
The fruits have an amazing taste and are suitable for many dishes. Potatoes are well cooked and hold their shape.