Apple tree variety Airlie Geneva
Apple tree Airlie Geneva is one of the earliest ripe varieties, the fruits of which ripen in late July. It was bred in the 70s by American breeders at an experimental station in Geneva. And since the 80s it has become the property of a wide mass of gardeners in various countries and is still very popular.
Apple tree variety Airlie Geneva
Airlie Geneva is an apple tree of medium and above average size (from 2 m to 3.5 m) with a strong trunk and a thick spreading crown. The period of intensive growth of the tree falls in the early years, and slows down during fruiting.
This variety does not have any subspecies for the most part because of its size, since breeding of colony-shaped and dwarf varieties with this growth is not practiced.
Apples have an average size of 100-170 g, the taste is sweet and sour with a delicate aroma. The greenish peel is covered with a bright pink blush, the flesh is cream.
The tree itself is resistant to droughts and winds, tolerates frosts (with the exception of young seedlings growing in lowlands on moist soil - the roots can suffer from frost).
The apple tree is little susceptible to disease, but can suffer from scab and bacterial diseases.
Harvest is good: from 40 to 120 kg per season, you need to collect it in several stages. Pollinators for it will be the varieties: Delicates, Gloucester, Golden Delishes, Idared.
- The apple variety Geneva is very early and ready to eat already in late July and early August.
- The tree gradually gives back a crop, thus prolonging the fruiting period and facilitating harvesting. An adult gives good harvests annually.
- Since the apple tree is early, the first crop can be harvested already in the second year after planting.
- This variety is resistant to cold and heat, as well as to most pests.
- Apples are beautiful and healthy, with a high content of vitamin C, carotene, pectins. (Thanks to pectins, the fruits are great for making jams, jellies and marmalades).
- Shelf life is small - not more than 4 weeks. It is better to eat apples immediately or process them into juice, fruit drinks, jam.
- Geneva apples are suitable for personal consumption, but not for sale, because they do not retain their presentation for a long time.
- Needs pollinators.
The best place for seedlings is a well-lit area where water does not stagnate.
Landing dates - from mid-September to the end of October. In this case, it is desirable that the air temperature is not higher than 10 ° C.
If the soil on the site is fertile, it is not necessary to fertilize the hole in advance. On less fertile soils, a hole is dug up a month before planting, filling it with peat, compost, and mineral fertilizers.
For landing, you need to choose a well-lit area
The depth of the pit for planting is 60-70 cm, the diameter is 80-100 cm. First, drainage is laid, and then - a mixture of soil from dug up earth and mineral fertilizers. A peg for support (the size of a tree) is driven into a hole.
The seedling is placed in a pit and the roots are well spread - a root neck remains above the ground. They fill the soil with a mixture of earth, compost and fertilizers, and then ram them, water them well (in three stages with short breaks) and mulch.
The apple tree variety Geneva requires careful care when growing.
In the first year, seedlings need to be watered especially carefully. If autumn is not rainy, water once a week (2 buckets of water). Better to use a watering can. Top dressing is done only after watering, during the budding period, during flowering and fruiting.
For the first feeding, you can use nitroammophoska or humus, for the second - potassium sulfate, for the third - nitrophoska or herbal infusion.
At the beginning of the growing season (April-March), seedlings need pruning. A crown is formed in one trunk with a stem and skeletal branches.
- The first 50 cm from the ground are intended for the stem - all buds and shoots are cut off.
- The second 50 cm - for several branches of the first tier, directed in different directions (the remaining branches are removed).
- On the third 50 cm form the branches of the second tier. At the annual tree, the top is trimmed and pinched to begin the formation of side branches.
Weeding and cultivation
The tree trunk circle needs to be regularly loosened and weed from weeds.
In spring, the soil around the trunk is mulched using humus, compost or hay. In the fall, the ground of the trunk circle is dug up 6-7 cm deep.
Before the start of winter, the soil around the trunk is covered with brushwood. For young trees, it is better to use a denser material, for example burlap. To discourage hungry winter rodents can be prickly spruce, tied to the stem ..
Protection against diseases and pests
Apple tree Earley Geneva is resistant to many diseases, but disease prevention is still recommended.
Processing with vitriol is carried out before budding. Before and after flowering with urea and fungicides from scab.
Trees will protect against diseases
In March, it is recommended to whiten trees to avoid sun-frost burns and certain types of pests.
Collection and storage
According to the description, the Geneva apple tree harvests in several stages: in late July, early and mid-August. Apples are harvested as they ripen, used fresh or processed immediately.
The early fruiting period is not conducive to long-term storage - in a cold basement or in the refrigerator, the fruits are stored for about a month.
According to gardeners, the variety is really early and precocious - the first apples appear in late July, and the main crop ripens by mid-August.
The description of “Airlie Geneva” does not always agree on the palatability of apples: for some, they are tasty and sweet, for others, sour.
Some gardeners believe that the matter is a different amount of light on the plot - the more sun, the sweeter the apples.
According to reviews, the keeping quality of the fruits makes us wish for the best, but they do not stale - they are eaten right away. In addition, they are conveniently processed due to three-stage fruiting. The apple tree grows wide and rotten, which requires appropriate care, but thanks for the excellent harvest every year.
Apple tree Airlie Geneva is a great option for a fruit tree for lovers of early sweet and sour apples. With proper planting and good care, it invariably produces high yields. And although they can’t be saved for the winter, the juice and jam will surely work out well.