Apple tree growing Gift to the Count
The northern region is not easy for growing horticultural crops, but the apple tree Present to Grafsky is an excellent choice for these climatic conditions. The garden site will bring you much joy, because in practice it is worth applying a few tricks of cultivation, and you will get a rich harvest as a result.
Apple tree growing Gift to the Count
Apple trees abundantly bear fruit from year to year. Their resistance to diseases and pests remains high.
Description of the tree and fruits
The tree belongs to a tall stem. Over the first 10 years of life, its height reaches 7 m. An annual increase of 1-1.2 m per year is noted.
The crown has a reverse conical form, medium thickening, well leafy. Its diameter is 4 m. The leaves are dark green. The apple tree blossoms with beautiful medium-sized buds of white color with a pinkish overflow.
It has been observed that fruiting is mostly observed on branches whose age is two or more years. The branches themselves are of medium length and thickness, straight, the bark is dark gray.
The fruits are large, their weight reaches 350 g. They are round-conical in shape with a slightly pronounced ribbing. The peel is of medium thickness, almost smooth. The main color is yellow, but the integumentary often overlaps it with red-violet by 80-100%.
Has subtle subcutaneous points. Fruits are covered with a slight waxy coating. They have a small number of seeds. Fastened to a tree by a stalk of medium length and thickness.
Grade Grafsky apples are very beautiful, as in the tale of Snow White. Light yellow flesh has a delicate apple flavor, characterized by medium juiciness and hardness, almost fine-grained.
The taste of apples is sweet and sour. The indicators are good, on a 5-point scale, experts give him 4.2-4.3 points. It has a high level of chlorogenic acid, which performs many functions in the body, including contributing to metabolic processes.
Begins to bear fruit for 5-6 years. Harvest plentiful, regular, but varies in volume. At the summer cottage you can collect about 250 kg of fruit from a tree. On an industrial scale, this figure is 20 tons per 1 ha.
The fruits have an excellent presentation and are in demand. They are characterized by high safety indicators until late spring.
This apple tree is not self-fertile, it requires pollinating varieties. Otherwise, fruit set will not occur.
The best pollinating varieties for apple trees Gift to Grafsky are considered: Northern Synap, Student and Moscow later.
High winter-hardiness characteristics can be judged on the basis of the selection history. An excellent temperature tolerance of -42 ℃ and lower was recorded with low losses for the crop, as the apple tree will spend energy on recovery. She is not afraid of sudden changes in temperature.
Disease and pest resistance
Timely treatment contributes to crop preservation
Since the regions where this variety is grown have rather high humidity indicators, the creators of this species took care of the stable immunity of the tree to scab and fungal diseases, for which this environment is native.
Prevention of other diseases consists in proper care and timely treatment. The tree needs to protect the trunk and bark from rodents.
Cultivation in the regions
Gift to Grafsky - a variety adapted for cultivation in the Moscow Region, in the regions of the center and north of Russia, is also taking root in the territories of the Urals and Siberia.
The issue of planting should be taken seriously, taking into account all the needs and characteristics of the tree of this variety.
The optimal timing for planting is considered late autumn or spring to the beginning of the sap flow stage. It is better to carry out sowing in the fall - so the root system will develop better during the winter.
If it is impossible to carry out this procedure in the fall, in the spring, you need to do this before the swelling of the kidneys, i.e. in the first decade of April.
Given the deciduous crown and the height of the tree, imagine what a powerful root system it has. What you need to decide first of all is the place to plant, because no other trees should grow in a radius of 10 m. Such an area is needed for proper nutrition, growth and fruiting of apples of this variety.
The place should be sunny and protected from cold wind and drafts, this can adversely affect flowering and, as a result, the crop.
Ground water should be at a distance of more than 3.5 m from the surface. If this is not possible, look for a place on a hill.
Planting an apple tree A gift to the Count is made in several stages:
- in a week we prepare a pit measuring 100x100x70 cm;
- at the bottom of the pit we pour a drainage mixture and make mineral fertilizers, as well as compost or manure, they will be an excellent nourishment for wood;
- a week later, we begin planting, while driving a strong stake into the center - a support for the seedling for the first time;
- we put a seedling in a pit and spread its roots;
- we fill the hole with fertile soil, compacting the earth around the roots;
- form a trunk circle;
- pour plenty of water in an amount of 2-3 buckets.
Trees need to be well looked after
Tree care includes:
- regular pruning to form crowns and sanitize;
- selection and feeding of various types in the required periods;
- watering control;
- loosening and mulching of the soil.
In the autumn, the trunk of the apple tree must be painted with paint for garden trees. This will protect the culture from freezing and getting sunburn.
An important step is the formation of the crown. It is necessary to ensure that the tree remains low so that it is convenient to harvest. It is better to choose the shape of the bowl.
Under the trunk you need to add a little mulch. It can be leaves, sawdust or grass. Sometimes the root system is covered with stones, you can make a small flower garden where to plant annual plants.
Watering is plentiful: up to 6 times per season, and in the hot summer period it is even more often to irrigate a tree.
The description indicates that the variety needs only organic fertilizer. With the help of pesticides, you can fight against diseases of the culture or its pests.
Features of ripening and fruiting
Apple-tree Present to the Count is characterized by medium early maturity. You can take fruits in late September - early October.
During flowering, ripening and fruiting, it is necessary to maintain the soil in a loosened state to ensure the flow of air to the roots. The soil must be clean from other crops and weeds.
Harvesting and storage of crops
A month after picking, the apples will reach and be ready to eat.
The storage room is chosen dark and dry with a stable temperature of 0-5 ° C. So they lie until April - May, maintaining their presentation and taste. Storage in a special gas environment allows you to save apples until June.
Subspecies and Options
Apple trees of the Grafsky gift variety can be on semi-dwarf, dwarf and weak-growing stocks.
Semi-dwarf rootstocks grow up to 4.45 m in height, the most profitable subspecies. The fruiting period is approximately 30 years, while the tree begins to bear fruit 1-2 years earlier than its "parent".
The height of the apple tree on a dwarf rootstock does not exceed 3.5 m, and it has a narrow crown. In the second year of life, the tree already bears fruit excellently and retains its productive properties up to 20 years.
Apple trees on a dwarf rootstock are not suitable for regions with a strong decrease in temperatures in winter, they are less frost-resistant due to the root system close to the surface.
The first thing that impresses gardeners is the fruit. Compared to other varieties, these apples are very large and taste good. Unlike other types during storage, they do not become cotton. Also note the excellent adaptive abilities of the apple tree and its unpretentiousness in care.