Apple tree cultivation Stroyevskoye
The apple tree Stroevskoe, which is often characterized exclusively from a positive side, has become widespread among gardeners. The variety was created in 1982 thanks to the joint work of experienced breeders E. Sedov, E. Dolmatov, V. Zhdanov and Z. Severov.
Apple tree cultivation Stroyevskoye
Before you start breeding varietal apple trees, it is recommended that you carefully familiarize yourself with the characteristics of the culture.
Variety Stroyevskoe recognized as elite due to not only the many positive characteristics of the trees, but also the taste of the fruits themselves. The unique properties of apple trees allow them to be massively grown even in the most adverse climatic conditions.
Description of the tree and fruits
The tree is quite tall, reaching 3 m in height. The trunk has a smooth bark of saturated gray color. The crown of the apple tree is not very thick. Its top resembles a wide pyramid.
The foliage is bright green, with a glossy sheen. The flowers are pale pink with a sweet smell.
Description of the fruit: medium-sized apples, slightly elongated. During ripening, the fruit changes its color from yellow-green to bright golden with a red blush. The peel of the fruit is not waxy, glossy and smooth.
Advantages and disadvantages
Among the main advantages of the variety gardeners distinguish the following:
- the fruits are of high quality. They lend themselves perfectly to transportation, store freshness for a long time, without losing their beneficial properties;
- high yield of the variety makes it possible to collect a lot of fruit even under not very favorable weather conditions;
- the apple tree is immune from pests and diseases that negatively affect the yield of other varieties;
- this species is characterized by a long term of abundant fruiting;
- the tree is frost-resistant, therefore it can be planted in regions with severe climatic conditions.
Apple has a few shortcomings:
- culture is not able to self-pollinate;
- apple trees begin to bear fruit late.
Apple-tree Stroyevskoye differs in fast and active growth. With proper care, a beautiful, dense crown is formed near the tree. The variety is characterized by regular and abundant fruiting. Although the first crop falls on the 8-11 year of the culture’s life, it annually sets fruits and pleases with a large number of them.
The fruits have a snowy white, coarse pulp that melts in the mouth. The taste of fruits is sweet and sour. Even in processed form, these fruits do not lose their qualities.
Pectin, which is found in large quantities in apples, contributes to a beneficial effect on the human body, normalizing the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and removing harmful substances and toxins from it.
Characteristic features of apple trees of this variety are their high fertility and crop stability. With a quality rootstock, you can see the first fruits already in the 5th year of the culture's life. Fruiting is increasing: in the first year, you can collect 25 kg of the crop from one apple tree, and already 3-4 - 55-60 kg.
Pollinators will accelerate the appearance of the crop
One of the disadvantages of the variety is the inability to self-pollinate. To get good harvests, it is necessary to place this culture near such apple trees as Imrus, Veteran, In memory of the warrior. Thanks to these trees, it is possible to get the first fruits already in the 5-6 year of the culture's life.
Yablone Stroyevskoy is characterized by excellent winter hardiness. This characteristic of her was laid at the genetic level by breeders-developers of this variety. This makes it possible to grow crops even in regions where the temperature in winter drops to -40 ° C.
Disease and pest resistance
The apple tree is characterized by a high level of resistance to all kinds of diseases and pests. Their appearance can be triggered by improper care of the crop or the defeat of other trees in the garden.
To eliminate the problem, it is important to conduct a systematic inspection of crops, and if necessary, preventive measures.
Planting should be carried out in fertile soil with a low acid content. Otherwise, the soil where these fruit trees will be sown should be fertilized and saturated with nutrients.
The landing site should be well lit - in the shade, the culture of this variety grows poorly and bears poor fruit. Apple trees do not like soil that is oversaturated with moisture, so places where water accumulates especially often and abundantly should be avoided.
For sowing, gardeners recommend the use of one-year-old seedlings. They are able to adapt to new conditions as quickly and painlessly as possible for culture.
Maximum yields are obtained from trees that are planted in chernozem, gray forest or sod-podzolic soils.
In order for the young seedling to take root in the new place as quickly as possible, it is important to sow it in the optimal time:
- in the spring, trees are planted before the movement of the sap. This time falls on the end of March - the beginning of April;
- Autumn planting provides for the implementation of all work until the soil freezes for 1-1.5 months (end of September - October).
How quickly the young tree takes root, its growth and development depends on the method of sowing and planting material. Before planting a varietal apple tree in a permanent place, you should fertilize or stabilize the soil with organic and mineral fertilizers.
Rotted manure (humus), wood ash, potassium sulfate and dolomite flour are added to the hole under the seedling, which is dug 1.5-2 weeks before planting. All components are thoroughly mixed with soil.
The size of the hole should correspond to the size of the root system of the seedling, without pressing down and without prejudice to it. During planting, you should pay attention to the fact that the root neck of the culture is 5-7 cm above the ground level. After planting, the apple tree is tied to reinforcing supports and watered abundantly.
The distance at which trees are planted depends on the type of stock. Excessive planting density will lead to lower crop yields.
Trees need good maintenance
Care for varietal apple trees is to perform competent actions aimed at normal development and good crop productivity. This includes watering, fertilizers, pruning, pest and disease prevention.
Watering should be done in the first year of a seedling's life. Over time, the frequency of irrigation is reduced, bringing it up to 2 times a year - in spring and autumn. The amount of water should be increased. In particularly dry periods, additional crop irrigation is desirable.
Variety apple trees are not picky in terms of top dressing, but if you want to annually receive the highest possible yield of quality fruits, then fertilizers should be applied in a certain way:
- the first top dressing is done in early spring. To do this, use liquid manure and water in a ratio of 1: 5;
- at the end of May, the tree should be fertilized with humus;
- during the flowering period, the apple tree especially needs additional nutrition, consisting of mineral and organic substances (superphosphate, liquid manure or urea);
- during fruit ripening;
- top dressing before wintering. For this, you can use double superphosphate according to the instructions.
Cropping and shaping the crown
In order for the apple variety Stroevskoe to develop well and bear fruit, pruning should be done on time. The formation of the crown occurs in the first years after planting a seedling. Subsequently, its shape is only slightly adjusted.
Pruning and crown formation is performed 2 times a year: in early spring and late autumn. The essence of these procedures is to rid the tree of dry, damaged and weak branches.
Protection against diseases and pests
A characteristic feature of the variety is its resistance to diseases and invasions of pests. This does not mean that preventive measures should be neglected, especially if the garden is large and varied:
- powdery mildew helps spraying with a solution of colloidal sulfur (80 g per 10 liters of water);
- when fruit rot (moniliosis) appears, the affected fruits should be destroyed away from other fruit stands;
- the apple tree is extremely rarely attacked by harmful insects, so additional precautions are not necessary in this case. The exception is cases when the culture is next to damaged copies of fruit crops.
Features of ripening and fruiting
Variety of apple trees Stroyevsky is characterized by a mixed type of fruiting. Flower buds can be laid not only on the gloves, but also on fruit twigs. A feature of flowering is that the tree is in no hurry with this, so spring frosts for future ovaries are not terrible.
Full fruiting under favorable conditions will be observed only after 7-9 years after planting.
Harvesting and storage of crops
Fruits must be carefully removed from the tree
The fruits of the varietal apple tree reach their full ripeness at the end of September. For their better storage, they should be kept on a tree for another 14-20 days.
The fruits should be picked carefully, being careful not to damage them.
It is better to store apples in cardboard or wooden containers in one layer. The room in which the fruits will be located should have a stable cool temperature and low humidity, as well as be periodically ventilated.
Systematically, the fruit should be inspected to detect damaged or spoiled specimens that are immediately removed.
Apples are characterized by excellent keeping quality and retain their taste until the end of February - beginning of March. When using a special closed container, the fruit may be suitable for consumption before the start of summer.
Growing in different regions
Apple trees adapt to any weather conditions, so their cultivation is possible in almost any locality. In regions with a low temperature, it is advisable to insulate it in winter for the safety of wood. In all other respects, this culture is not picky and does not require special personal care.
Gardeners who are engaged in the cultivation of varietal fruit trees, speak positively about the apple trees Stroyevsky. They note that even with a little care, as a result, you will receive a plentiful harvest of attractive and healthy fruits.
Apple trees of this variety are an excellent option for beginner gardeners. Picky, productive, they will surely please you with spring flowering, riot of foliage and autumn fruits.