Apple tree cultivation Orlovsky Sinap
One of the classic late varieties - the Oryol Sinap apple tree - is popular among gardeners. A tall tree tolerates frosts without any problems. Seedlings regularly bear fruit. From an adult tree, you can remove 160-180 kg of fruits. Sour-sweet large apples are stored for 7-9 months, remaining juicy and tasty.
Apple tree cultivation Orlovsky Sinap
This variety of garden culture was obtained in the middle of the last century by crossing the varieties Northern Sinap and in memory of Michurin. A hybrid culture lacks specific care requirements. In the first decade of October, you can harvest from apple trees.
Fruits are used fresh. They make juices, jams, jams. Thanks to its dense skin, apples can easily transport.
Advantages and disadvantages
A late-ripening tree has many advantages. The variety has several varieties. Stable yield of apple trees and long-term storage of fruits without compromising their taste are the main advantages of the hybrid. Other benefits:
- unpretentiousness of seedlings to care;
- excellent resistance to frost;
- high yields from young and adult trees;
- weak affection of scab tree;
- a wide range of applications of fruits.
The variety also has disadvantages. Cons of garden culture: low resistance of seedlings to powdery mildew, large dimensions of the tree.
Description of the tree and fruits
The apple-tree Sinap Orlovsky is characterized by the following signs:
- powerful tree. Its average height is 5 m. With dwarf rootstocks, the height of the tree is 3 m;
- wide crown of garden culture has the shape of a pyramid. Since it is not prone to thickening, it is not difficult to care for a tree;
- thick strong branches;
- the bark on the trunk and on the old branches is gray. The shoots are dark brown. On young branches there is pubescence;
- wide elongated leaves are not very large. They have wavy edges. The color of the leaves is dark green;
- large flowers of the tree have a light pink color.
The weight of the fruit varies from 120 to 200 g. Description: fruit is a round-conical oblong shape. The top of the fruit is slightly slanted. Fruit leg is short. The peel has a glossy surface.
As soon as the apples ripen, their dense peel becomes yellowish-green. 7-10 days after storage, golden yellow. White subcutaneous dots are clearly visible on the skin of the fetus.
Apple pulp of a light green shade. Experts evaluate the appearance of the fruit at 4.3 points.
Taste qualities of fruits approach 5 points, but it is not advisable to eat them immediately after removal from the branches. The percentage of acid in the pulp of the fruit is 1.2-1.5% higher than that of apples of other later varieties. Loose and juicy pulp has a sweet and sour taste. Delicate aroma is weak.
Having tasted the fruit from the cellar, you will notice that the acidity has softened, and the sweetness in their pulp has increased.
Benefit and harm
The pulp of the apple Sinap Orlovsky contains a high percentage of ascorbic acid (13.7 mg per 100 g). The presence of sufficient amounts of this vitamin in your body will protect you from colds, acute respiratory infections, chronic fatigue syndrome and nervous breakdowns.
The fruit contains a lot of vitamin C
In the winter and spring months, when the choice of sources of vitamin C is limited, fruits harvested in the fall will help you make up for the deficiency of this substance. These fruits are also useful with other properties:
- one fruit contains approximately 2.6 mg of iron. If you have low hemoglobin, eating apples will help improve your blood composition;
- per 100 g of elastic aromatic pulp accounts for 8.9 mg of pectin substances. Pectin eliminates constipation and helps cleanse the body of cholesterol. If you feel uncomfortable in your stomach, eat raw and baked apples;
- the pulp contains phosphorus, calcium and potassium. These trace elements help strengthen the heart muscle;
- fruits are characterized by moderate sweetness. Frequent use of apples will not harm tooth enamel;
- one fresh fruit contains from 70 to 100 kcal (it depends on the size of the fruit). Diabetics can consume a low-calorie treat without risking their well-being;
- the fruit contains fewer dyes than other early ripening varieties. From the fruits make baby hypoallergenic puree.
Some people, often eating fruits, felt a sudden decline in well-being. If you suffer from increased acidity of the stomach, refrain from using winter apples in food, otherwise you may be disturbed by an attack of gastritis.
Unripe fruits should not be given to young children. Otherwise, babies may develop diarrhea.
In the 4th year after planting, the tree bears fruit. From a young apple tree you will receive 60–80 kg of fruit.
The older the apple tree, the more fruit it can produce. Some record trees bear 200 kg of fruit, but a generous yield that lasts more than 3 years in a row depletes the crop.
The hybrid has low self-fertility rates. To get a generous harvest from a tree, take care of the presence of pollinators on the site.
Ideal varieties for this for the Oryol Sinap apple tree are Antonovka vulgaris and Pepin Saffron. Sometimes gardeners use the Welsey variety as a pollinator.
Both young and adult representatives of the variety tolerate a drop in temperature to -29 ° C without problems. Trees on mid-dwarf rootstocks are considered the most persistent.
To seedlings safely survived the winter, cover the trunk circle with a thick layer of peat. As a heater, humus can be used.
One of the undeniable advantages of the variety is its high resistance to pests and diseases. If the summer turned out to be wet, the tree can get sick with scab.
Fungal ailments affect a groomed apple tree. Cutting sick and frozen branches from a tree, you help him resist disease.
Apple seedlings Orlovsky Sinap can be grown in the Northwest, Central Black Earth, Central and Middle Volga regions. Winter culture is well cultivated in several regions of Belarus.
Apple tree needs sunlight
Do not plant trees of this variety in northern climates. In order for winter crops to please you with sweet and large fruits, they need to get enough sunlight at the end of summer and in the first month of autumn. In the North, this is problematic.
Features of a tree depending on a stock
The height of the fruit crop, resistance to pests and frosts, dessert qualities of fruits depend on the stock. Seedlings often planted on a dwarf stock. Medium dwarf and vigorous can also be used.
If a late-ripening garden culture is grafted onto a young-growing apple tree, the height of the tree will reach 6-7 m. Due to the powerful and well-developed root system, the seedling of the hybrid variety will be resistant to drought. Oversized tree lives 45-50 years.
Be prepared that you have to wait a long time for the harvest. "Giant" will please you with fruit for the 6th year after planting. Another minus of the tall apple tree is medium-sized fruits.
In industrial gardens you can often see specimens grafted onto semi-dwarf rootstocks. The medium-sized apple tree lives on average 40 years. The tree is resistant to pests. It is not difficult to harvest crops from the branches of the seed crop. The only caveat: fruits can vary in size.
If you are the owner of a small summer cottage, get a seedling on a dwarf rootstock. A compact hybrid tolerates the proximity of groundwater better than its tall "counterparts". This is because small trees have a shallow root system.
A specimen grown on a dwarf rootstock produces large fruits. The only nuance that can upset you: a stunted apple tree lives less (20-25 years).
So that the apple variety Sinap Orlovsky does not disappoint you, take care of the right choice of place for the seedling. Trees will grow and develop well in fertile loam, sandy loam soil.
The low content of calcium in the soil slows the growth of the tree and reduces the taste of the crop (the apple becomes bitter). Groundwater level should be kept at 2-2.5 m.
Copies of winter apple trees are large in size. Make sure that the distance between the variety and other fruit crops is at least 5 m. The presence of pollinators near the tree is a prerequisite for high productivity.
The most successful time for planting a hybrid in the ground is mid-April. Possible autumn landing.
If you decide to plant an apple tree on a site in the fall, hurry to do it before October 16-18. Otherwise, the risk of death of the seedling from early frosts is high.
Prepare the pit a month before planting. The depth of the hole should be 80-100 cm. The width of the pit is 90 cm. Remove the turf and the fertile layer of soil. Remove the infertile soil. Dig the bottom of the hole. Then put some large river sand there. The next step is to lay the sod over the drainage.
The soil is mixed with 20 kg of rotted manure, 500 g of ash, 50 g of potassium sulfate and 100 g of superphosphate. The fertile mixture is poured into the hole in the form of a knoll. A wooden peg must be driven into a hole.
A young tree is prepared 10-12 hours before planting. Inspect it, remove the damaged tips of the roots. Then the tree is soaked for 8-10 hours in warm water. When the roots of the apple tree are saturated with moisture, start planting. Set the tree on a knoll. Fill it with earth, lightly tamp the soil. Tie the hybrid to the support.
To crown was magnificent and formed correctly, shorten the shoots by a third. Then an earthen roller is formed around the tree. In the trunk circle, you need to pour 3 buckets of water. The land around the apple tree is mulched with peat. Do not untie it from the peg for the first 2 years, even if it seems to you that the seedling has grown and does not need it.
The tree needs good care
Mandatory measures that make up the care of the apple tree: watering, top dressing, pruning, protection from diseases and harmful insects. It is necessary in time to remove the fallen fruits from the trunk circle.
Remember that a hybrid needs watering. Do not allow the shaft to dry out. A young apple tree is watered 4 times a month. After each irrigation, the soil under the tree loosens.
The first fertilizer application is carried out a year after planting. In the spring, when you will dig the soil in the near-stem circle, add 600 g of rotted manure under each trunk.
When buds form on the branches, 450 g of urea is added. The earth needs to be dug carefully. When the crop is harvested, each apple tree must be fertilized with a solution of superphosphate.
Crown shaping and trimming
Without pruning, the crown of seedlings will form inharmoniously. A year after the Oryol Sinap apple trees were planted, begin to form the first tier. It should consist of 3 strong branches. The next 2 years form the 2nd and 3rd tiers of the apple tree.
The distance between them should be at least 0.5 m. Curved and weak branches are removed. Shoots growing too close to the ground must be cut. When the center conductor reaches 2.5 m in height, cut it to the side branch.
For adults, apple trees must carry out spring sanitary pruning. During this event, weak and dry shoots are removed from the tree.
Protection against diseases and pests
Sometimes seedlings become victims of the codling moth. To drive away insects, spray hybrids with wormwood solution.
If the calcium content in the soil is too low, bitter fissures can hit the apples. To avoid this nuisance, spray tree crowns with calcium-containing preparations.
To prevent fungal infections, spray the apple trees with a 1% solution of Bordeaux fluid. This should be done in the spring.
Features of ripening and fruiting
Most varieties of the variety enter fruiting in the 4th year. Do not overdo it with nitrogen top dressing of dwarf apple trees. Otherwise, the trees will intensively grow green mass and yield a year later than normal.
A substantial number of ovaries negatively affects the size and taste characteristics of the fruit. In order for the fruits to please you with their rich taste, remove one third of the buds from the shoots.
Harvesting and storage of crops
October is the time of picking fruit from the branches. Do not rush to pluck unripe apples: they are too acidic, such fruits are unsuitable for long-term storage. If early autumn frosts occur, they will not damage the crop.
Store apples in a cool place. It is undesirable for them to be in a plastic container for a long time. The best option is cardboard boxes.
At a temperature of 0-4 ° C, the fruits will retain a fresh look and rich taste until the end of May. If you put the container with apples in a room with a higher temperature, the product will remain in its best form until the beginning of April.
Gardeners positively characterize the variety. The hybrid is unpretentious to the composition of the soil, care. For regions with a cool climate, seedlings on mid-root stocks are acquired.
Trees are resistant to pests and frost. Large and tasty fruits, stored for more than 7 months, are the main reason why the variety remains in demand for several decades.