Ancient apple tree Streifling
The apple tree Streifling is an old variety that came to Russia from the Baltic states. He appeared as a result of folk selection more than 250 years ago. It spread to the countries of Northern Europe (Scandinavia, Germany, Holland). Now grown on personal plots.
Ancient apple tree Streifling
For many decades, the Streifling apple tree was grown in villages and received several popular names, the most popular of them being Autumn Striped.
- Autumn stripes.
- Crop or Crop.
The tree is tall and large, with a wide and thick crown resembling a cauldron in shape.
- Height - 7-8 m.
- Crown circumference - 9-10 m.
- A trunk with dark smooth bark.
- Shoots with a pronounced edge, brown or chestnut color.
- Branches are located at an angle of 90 ° with respect to the trunk, often drooping.
- The buds are gray; the seedlings are yellowish and elongated.
- The foliage is dense, almost completely covers the branches.
- The leaf is wrinkled, folded in half in the region of the central vein, edge with deep teeth, the plate is well pubescent.
- Petiole is thin, reddish, grows almost at right angles to the branch.
The flowers of the apple tree are large, white, and the young buds are pink. The flower resembles a saucer or a cup with curved edges.
According to the description, Streifling apples weigh 80-110 g (in some cases, their weight reaches 200 g). Ribs are clearly visible near the peduncle.
The color of an unripe apple is green, then it turns yellow and is half covered with orange-red stripes that turn brown during long-term storage. There is a completely red variety.
The flesh is cream or yellow under the skin, it may be slightly reddish.
Calorie content - 50-70 kcal. The composition of the fruits is about 10.1% sugar, 0.57% acids, 12% pectin substances. 100 g contains 8.3 mg of ascorbic acid.
The pulp is coarse-grained and loose, while very juicy. Pronounced wine and raspberry notes are felt.
The fruits smell good
The taste largely depends on the region of cultivation. In the northern latitudes it is sweet and sour, in the southern - freshly sweet.
The aroma is bright, spicy. Tasting assessment of apples - 4.5 points out of 5.
Autumn striped apples are not the best keeping quality.
They can be stored in the refrigerator or basement until mid-December. Already with the beginning of winter, the flesh becomes loose, similar to cotton wool, and the taste is fresh.
The percentage of juice in the fruit also drops sharply. Therefore, it is recommended to eat apples fresh, in the first 1-1.5 months after harvest.
Delicious juices, jam or jam are obtained from them.
From one tree you can collect record yields - up to 350-420 kg.
But you can get such a number of fruits only from mature apple trees, 25-30 years old. They are able to produce stable yields for another 10 years after their maximum peak, then failures occur, the variety begins to bear fruit well only once every 2-3 years.
To increase productivity, they rejuvenate the tree, feed it with organic fertilizers, and in the dry summer, water it abundantly.
To form the ovaries, the apple tree must be pollinated from other trees. This is due to evolutionary fitness, which provided the genetic diversity of the species.
Variety of apple trees Streifling is almost not capable of self-pollination. If it grows alone in the garden, very few ovaries form after flowering. For this, pollinators should be planted nearby. Best fit:
- Rossoshanskoe striped
- Zelenka Dneprovskaya
The sprayer should be located at least 50 m from Streifling.
Apple Tree Vaccine Compatibility
The variety can be crossed by vaccination with almost all cultural varieties. The best results are obtained by grafting a tree of the same variety of cuttings grown from seeds.
Also, Shtrifel can be grafted on any dwarf variety. This will accelerate the onset of fruiting, but reduce the life expectancy of the apple tree.
Resistance to frost is one of the advantages. Shoots are able to tolerate even the most severe frosts characteristic of Siberia or the Urals. In the suburbs they never suffer from the cold.
The tree tolerates frosts well
Even if young branches freeze, they regenerate perfectly. For example, apple trees are still found in orchards that survived at a young age one of the coldest winters of the 20th century, in 1955-56. They bear fruit to this day and give excellent yields.
Disease and pest resistance
Resistance to diseases and pests is average. In many ways, it depends on the place of cultivation and weather conditions. He is hit by scab, fruit rot. Often he is attacked by a stalk, sawfly, aphid. Fungal pathologies more often threaten apple trees in wet and cold summers.
The pulp of the fruit is loose, and the skin is thin, but they tolerate transportation well. Harvest can be transported over long distances. It will be possible to maintain the quality of products during transportation if you take into account several rules:
- it is better to transport apples in the first weeks after harvest;
- for transportation use wooden or plastic boxes specially designed for fruits
- it is best to stack the fruits in separate cells or overtake them with a layer of shavings, sawdust, dry cane, synthetic packaging material;
- use freight transport with cooling systems.
What regions are growing
Variety Shtrifel grows well throughout the European part of the country: the apple tree perfectly adapts in the Leningrad and Moscow regions. It adapts well and gives good yields in the sharply continental Siberian climate.
You can find in the State Register of such regions:
- Northern District
- Northwest District
- central part
- Volga-Vyatka district
- Central Black Earth
- Middle Volga basin
In arid regions, the tree grows worse, it must be constantly watered. They also love fertile soil, poorly take root on clay and loamy soils.
On an industrial scale, the Shtrifel variety is rarely grown: apples appear late, and they are stored only for 2-3 months, while the tree itself takes up a lot of space on the site.
There is the prospect of breeding the sale of varieties on a dwarf stock.
Most often, the fruits are eaten fresh in the autumn months. You can also squeeze a lot of juice out of them. Loose flesh is well digested in the manufacture of jam. Jam with slices turns out a little worse, they quickly break up into lumps in syrup.
Small batches of crops can be sold in the market or in vegetable stalls.
The first step in growing apple trees is the right choice of seedlings. They can be bought in nurseries of any region, even those brought from the south take root well in the north.
Their bark is usually brown or chestnut in color, several tones lighter than in adult trees. Lentils yellowish, elongated.
Sheets with a felt edge, a serrated edge and a spiral top, they densely cover the stem.
In the northern regions, landing is better in spring.
Choose the timing depending on the climate, age, landing tasks:
- Autumn is best planted in the south. Such dates are also suitable for adult trees or seedlings older than 2 years. Optimal time is the beginning or middle of October.
- Spring planting is ideal for northern latitudes. In this case, seedlings must be used until the age of two. Dates - the end of April or the beginning of May.
It is best to plant a tree in a place protected from the wind and well lit by the sun.
During autumn planting, they dig a pit in 2-3 weeks, during spring planting - from autumn. In depth, it should be 80-100 cm, in diameter - 100-120 cm. The distance between two pits is 4.5-5.5 m.
At the bottom put this mixture:
- Ash - 1 tbsp.
- Potassium sulfate - 4 tbsp.
- Superphosphate - 1 tbsp.
- Compost, humus or pre-manure - 3 buckets
From above, everything is sprinkled with a thin layer of earth. If there is clay soil in the areas, it is mixed with sand. Peat is best added to sandy soil. With a high standing groundwater, drainage of expanded clay or pebbles is laid at the bottom.
Before landing, the pit should be half filled with fertilizer land. The seedling is placed strictly in the center, the roots are carefully spread. Sprinkle the tree with soil so that its root neck rises 7-8 cm above the surface. The soil is compacted, 3-4 buckets of water are poured under an apple tree, and mulch is placed on top.
If the apple tree is planted in the spring, in the first 2 months it is watered 1-2 times a week, in the future - 2-3 times a month. When planting in autumn, you need to water another 3 times over 2 weeks, this will prevent freezing of the roots.
Normal apple care Streifling is a guarantee of high productivity, tree health. It provides for standard measures - watering, top dressing, pruning, disease prevention.
The variety loves moisture and does not tolerate dry soil. It should be regularly watered all summer, especially with a long absence of rainfall. Watering is carried out 2-3 times a month.
For young apple trees, 50 liters of water at a time (4-5 buckets) are needed, for old ones, 80-100 liters (7-10 buckets).
Watered in the early morning or before sunset. To keep moisture, make mulch from peat, straw, sawdust or small pebbles.
Cropping and shaping the crown
Crohn is formed over several years. In the first 3-4 years, they pay attention to the south side, then move to the north. After removal of the branches, the places of cuts are carefully closed with garden varieties.
Picture of young trees
Immediately after planting, it is advised to remove only broken and damaged branches, with growth directed downward, parallel to the trunk or inside the crown. When the tree is 7-8 years old, crown formation and stimulating pruning are performed.
Pruning stimulates tree growth
In the spring, when juices have not yet begun to circulate, annual shoots are cut so that 4-5 buds remain on them. This increases the number of ovaries; dry and frozen branches are also removed.
Pruning old trees
carry out shaping and anti-aging pruning. They begin it in the fall, when all the leaves fall. Broken and dry branches are removed at this time.
In the spring, the upper branches begin to cut, they should always be shorter than the middle and lower. Also shoots growing too close to the trunk are removed. Frostbite branches are removed completely, and skeletal branches are cut in half to stimulate lateral growth.
Fertilizing, as well as watering, significantly increases productivity. Top dressing is applied three times per season: before flowering, during the formation of the ovary, and after ripening.
The first feeding:
- Urea - 200 g
- Water - 10 L
- Copper sulfate - 1 g
- Boric acid - 0.5 g
- Water - 10 L
During the formation of the ovaries, you can also make organic matter - a solution of manure 1:10 or litter 1:15. Siderite plants (lupine, vetch, clover, rye, mustard) can also be used to enrich the soil under the apple tree with nitrogen. They are planted under a tree, and a month later, when the green mass increases, they add it near the roots.
- Superphosphate - 20g
- Potassium Chloride - 35 g
This amount of fertilizer is applied per 1 m² of soil. In late October, compost mulch is made around the stem. It will protect the roots from frost, and in the spring it will replenish the soil with mineral and organic substances.
Protection against diseases and pests
Sort Streifling can be neighbors of sawflies, moths, aphids, spider mites: these pests feed on the fruits and leaves of the apple tree, reduce yield and spoil the presentation of the fruit.
The most common diseases are scab, powdery mildew, fruit rot, which are caused by the fungus.
To protect against fungal diseases and insect pests in the spring, preventive treatment is carried out. A solution of copper sulfate or Bordeaux liquid is best suited for this.
The variety is susceptible to various diseases.
If pests or fungi have already appeared, the trees are treated with insecticides and fungicides. When the problem is identified at an early stage, you can use folk remedies. For example, infusion of garlic, dill, tobacco, soapy water.
Some gardeners recommend planting marigolds, tansy, garlic, onions, wormwood, dill next to the apple tree. Their smell repels insects. In the fall, they must collect all the leaves and dig the plot. You can treat the earth with a solution of copper sulfate, insecticides or fungicides.
The Autumn striped variety does not require special preparation for winter: the apple tree tolerates even severe frosts characteristic of Siberia.
It is advised to clean the garden well so that there are no leaves in it. A month before the expected frosts, a tree is watered. A layer of compost is lined near the base of the trunk, which in the spring will serve as fertilizer and warm the roots in winter.
Features of ripening and fruiting
Fruiting is higher. Only in rare cases can a few apples be harvested from a tree for 4-5 years. Most often, the first crop is received 7-8 years after planting.
A little earlier occurs fruiting on a dwarf stock.
Productivity by years:
- 10 years - 10-11 kg
- 15-20 years - 150-200 kg
- 25-30 years - 300-400 kg
In the best years, from 1 ha, you can get up to 8-10 tons of fruits.
To collect a plentiful harvest for a long time, from 20 years it is recommended to rejuvenate the tree. After that, it will be able to bear fruit for another 50 years.
If you plant a variety on a dwarf rootstock, you can get the first fruits already for 3-5 years. But such apple trees live less, are more sensitive to frost.
The fruits begin to ripen in early or mid-September, depending on the region. First, the apples turn yellow, then red stripes appear on their sides. They are more intense on the side facing the sun.
If the fruit ripens in the shade, only a few red lines may appear on the sides. In fully ripened fruits, the stripes turn brown.
Harvesting and storage of crops
Harvest begins in early September. It is advisable that until the middle of the month there are no hearths on the branches. Falling is rare, but late harvesting keeps products worse stored.
You can only remove apples from branches manually. Carefully inspect each fruit, put the damaged ones in separate boxes.
In order to better store the crop, it is folded in one layer and covered with paper, grass, sawdust. Then transferred to a cool place.
Store at a temperature of 2 ° C to 5 ° C. From the beginning of December, they begin to sharply lose their juiciness, wither, become tasteless. By this time, products must be sold, processed or eaten.
At home, it is best to squeeze juice from apples or make jam.
Subspecies differ in fruit color
There are several subspecies: they differ in the color of the peel, the height of the tree, the shape of the crown, the characteristics of ripening, winter hardiness.
According to the description, Streifling yellow ripens late, by early October. The peel on the fruits is yellow, and in November it becomes almost orange. Stripes are red, wide, cover less than half an apple. During storage, they acquire a brown tint.
The surface at the time of ripening becomes completely red, the stripes are barely visible, but there is no yellow-green hue. The pulp immediately below the skin is pink, the rest is yellow. In other properties, the red version is no different from the classic.
Often an early version is called Livonia. Apples begin to ripen in the second half of August, and in the northern regions in early September.
The tree is tall, the crown is wide, the branches partially hang. The fruits are not stored long, until the beginning or middle of November.
On the dwarf
If you plant the Autumn striped variety on a dwarf rootstock, it will gain some new qualities.
The height of the tree will rarely exceed 3 m, even without special pruning. Only side branches will need to be trimmed. The first harvest is no longer 4-5 years old.
Winter hardiness in this case is lower, although some gardeners argue that this is not so.
On a columnar
The tree has a narrow crown, in which branches are directed upward, parallel to the trunk, side shoots are not formed. The height reaches no more than 1.5-2 m. The branches begin to grow already at the level of 30 cm above the ground. Apples evenly cover the entire stamb.
Begins to bear fruit early. Already at the age of 7-8, up to 18-20 kg of the crop are harvested. The species will be winter-hardy, rarely damaged by insects and fungi.
Apple-tree Autumn striped or Streifling is a time-tested variety.
If you want your children and grandchildren to eat delicious fruits, plant such a tree in your garden and it will bear fruit for decades. With just one apple tree, you can get 3-4 quintals of fruit.
This is one of the best options for the northern regions; it can withstand frosts of up to - 20-30 ° C. If part of the shoots or buds dies in the winter, they quickly resume. It is recommended to plant in the garden near Antonovka. These species are excellent pollinators for each other.
Most gardeners note the juiciness of apples and a kilo-sweet taste with wine notes. They make excellent jams and marmalades. The juice is sweet, it can be preserved for the winter even without sugar.
The variety also has its drawbacks:
- Late start of fruiting and a slow increase in yield.
- Large sizes, requiring a large plot for growing, creating difficulties in the care and collection of fruits.
- Unstable yield in aging apple trees.
- The dependence of taste and quality on the weather.
- Intolerance to drought.
For commercial breeding, the variety is not very suitable. You can get results only after 10-15 years. Yes, and little apples are stored, all products have to be sold when the cost of fruits is low. Хотя перерабатывающие предприятия с удовольствием покупают их.