Allergy to domestic rabbits in a child
When living with a pet, an allergy sometimes occurs in households. Domestic decorative rabbits, whose fur is quite thick and dense and can lead to an allergic reaction, are no exception. Allergies to rabbits are often manifested in children whose organisms have not yet formed immunity to withstand the effects of protein compounds present in the rabbit body.
Allergy to a rabbit in a child
The nature of allergic reactions to a rabbit
The appearance of an allergy to a rabbit in a child may appear at the very beginning of his life - infancy, when his first feeding is introduced to the baby. Baby food often contains rabbit meat, which has dietary properties and is perfectly suited for children compared to the same chicken. Meat is also nutritious, and in terms of the amount of fat contained in it, it can compete with turkey. However, the characteristics of the child's body may not perceive rabbit protein, causing an allergic reaction.
The allergy that appeared in infancy in a small patient will begin to manifest itself upon further contact with the animal.
In some cases, the protein components contained in the skin, coat and secretions of rabbits, such as saliva, can cause severe allergies. At the same time, the possibility of eating rabbit meat without subsequent reactions is not excluded, but contact with the animals themselves causes allergy symptoms.
Rabbit Allergy Sources
The main part of the allergenic particles that cause the reaction of the child's body is concentrated in rabbits:
- in the outer skin layers (epidermis) and hair,
- in saliva excreted,
- in urine and excrement,
- in meat tissues and internal organs.
Allergic reactions in children by pediatricians began to be observed most often due to the fact that decorative rabbit breeding displays amazing breeds of animals for home keeping, which differ in colors, an unusual palette of the eye iris. Such decorative rabbits are willingly bred as pets, without thinking about the fact that hybrid breeds took from their ancestors the ability to shed at least two times a year, leaving behind dead skin particles. Falling residues and wool during shedding become one of the main components of house dust, which causes allergies in the child.
For individuals with an increased threshold of sensitivity to the rabbit protein contained in the epidermis, even short-term contact will cause subsequent complications. Allergy to rabbit hair in children is most common.
High allergic concentrations are observed in the urine and feces of rabbits. For this reason, an allergy can form and manifest after two to three rabbit cages.
Symptomatic signs of an allergy
The manifesting allergy to a rabbit in a child is directly related to the reaction of the child's body to a certain type of protein, to which an increased sensitivity threshold has developed.
Protein in Life Products
An allergy caused by urine and pet excrement can appear quite suddenly, while its symptoms increase rapidly:
- a persistent angry cough appears
- there is a feeling of lack of air and there are severe attacks of shortness of breath, like asthmatic,
- there is nasal congestion, sneezing, discharge from the nose of a liquid consistency,
- cases of swelling of the laryngeal tissues are noted,
- redness of the skin in the facial region, cervical region, throughout the body is fixed.
If the patient is diagnosed with bronchial asthma, a reaction to the waste products of rabbits can lead to suffocating attacks.
Care for animals and close contact with them leads to the appearance of rhinitis and conjunctivitis in children with an allergic nature.
The intake of an allergen in a child's body with the use of rabbit meat an allergic reaction can be noted in the oral mucosa and the lower part of the gastric intestinal section. Among the main symptoms of an allergy to rabbit meat:
- the onset of nausea,
- flatulence - bloating,
- arising pain in the stomach and intestines at the same time or symptomatically,
- digestive disorders in the form of diarrhea.
In extreme severe cases, anaphylactic shock is noted, the appearance of which is often associated with the use of rabbit meat and alpha galactose contained in it.
In rare cases, children have an allergic reaction not to the animal itself, but to attributes that are helpers and necessary tools for keeping and caring for rabbits. These sources of allergens include:
- feed mixtures
- fillings for domestic rabbit toilet trays,
- bedding for animals for cages.
Allergy treatment regimen and prevention
Diagnosis and treatment of rabbit allergy is based on blood tests for the presence of immunoglobulins F213, the excess of the required amount of which indicates a positive reaction. External signs of the disease - swelling of the larynx, urticaria on the skin, shortness of breath, can also serve as symptoms for diagnosis.
The most important aspect in the treatment of allergic reactions is the frequent confusion of their symptoms with the symptoms of acute respiratory infections, so with self-treatment, time is often lost and the disease starts.
The signs of allergy in children to rabbits manifest themselves and proceed more acutely than in adults and, if ignored, can lead to dire consequences.
Among the main drugs prescribed by pediatricians in case of diagnosed childhood allergies:
- antihistamine series
- corticosteroids in acute forms of course.
However, the primary recommendation for the patient will be to eliminate the source of allergies.
If you are not ready to part with your pet, then you can provide some restrictive direct contact measures as preventive measures:
- the rabbit should have a closed cage, from which the animal is allowed to walk every day, while in case of an allergy in the child on the rabbit, other households should be engaged in cleaning the cage,
- the contact of the child with the animal should be primarily visual,
- during the shedding of the rabbit, it is necessary to comb out in a place specified for this, in order to maximally collect the wool and dead particles of the epidermis after the combing procedure,
- the rabbit should be excluded from sitting on upholstered furniture and in bed, and after he walks, the floors should be washed.
It is better to place the cage with the animal away from the children's room.