All about Vera Eggplant
The representative of early varieties is eggplant Vera. Productivity of the species is average. Fruits have high taste and marketability. Suitable for growing lovers of early products.
All about Vera Eggplant
The variety was bred in 1998 at the West Siberian Vegetable Experimental Station in Barnaul. It is entered in the State registry of Russia in 2001. Zoned in the Ural, West Siberian and Far Eastern regions. Designed for outdoor cultivation. Fruits ripen on 100-118 days after the appearance of full seedlings. One plant produces an average of 1 kg of vegetables. With good care - up to a maximum of 3 kg.
The Vera eggplant characteristic is positive due to the following qualities:
- early ripening;
- resistance to low temperatures and their differences;
- resistance to rot;
- presentable appearance;
- the output of marketable products is more than 90%.
Small bush. Height is 60-80 cm. Oblivion is average. The leaves are small, dark green with a subtle purple hue, on the edge with a notch. The plant has almost no thorns. Those that are found are very rare. The stems are strong. The flowers are blue.
Cylindrical vegetables, small. The color at the stage of technical ripeness is bright purple, with time it becomes dark purple. There is a light streak under the cup. The surface is glossy. Weight 125-180 g, in some instances - 300 g. Length 15-20 cm. The pulp is dense, greenish-white. There are no voids. The skin is thin. The taste is good, without bitterness. Shelf life is excellent. Used for the preparation of various dishes, make preservation.
Eggplant is very thermophilic
Vera eggplants are cultivated both in seedling and in seedling method, depending on the conditions of the region. If the summer is long in the area, then the seeds can be planted directly in the soil in May. And then cover them with foil. This method of sowing is also chosen in the presence of a greenhouse. But if the hot period is only 1.5-2 months, you should start growing seedlings.
High seed germination will be ensured by its preparation. First, quality seeds are selected. To do this, they are soaked for half an hour in water. Hollow ones will emerge, and full-bodied ones will sink to the bottom. Those that drown are recovered and dried.
Then they are subjected to heat treatment: they are placed for several days in an environment with a temperature of 50-55 ° C. For this purpose, a heater can be used. Then the seeds are pickled, soaking them in a 1% solution of potassium permanganate, which will prevent the development of fungal diseases in the future.
Some gardeners treat seed with growth stimulants. Saturate grains with nutrients, such as aloe juice. To do this, take plants that have reached the age of three. Seeds are placed on a plate so that they do not touch, and poured with juice. Leave for a day. Not washed and slightly dried.
For sowing, prepare soil on the basis of vermicompost or soil mixture, which should have the following composition:
- 1 part peat;
- 1 part humus;
- 1 part of sand.
The earth is poured into prepared containers: cassettes, drawers, plastic cups, peat pots. The best option is separate vessels. They will allow you to avoid the picking process, since the eggplant is very sensitive to it and often does not take root after the procedure. Spend abundant watering. Seeds are planted in February - early March. They are closed up to a depth of 1.5-2 cm. They are covered with peat from above and covered with plastic wrap.
First, the vessels with planted seeds are left warm (24-26 ° C) until sprouts appear (from 5 to 21 days, depending on the degree of preparation of the seeds). Then the indicators are lowered to 16 ° C during the day and 13-14 ° C at night. This temperature is maintained for 5 days so that the seedlings do not stretch. Further containers with seedlings are placed in conditions similar to the microclimate of open ground. Daytime indicators should be 26-28 ° C, night - 15-17 ° C. 2 weeks before planting, plants begin to harden. For this purpose, vessels with sprouts are taken out into the street. First, for 1-2 hours, then the time is gradually increased.
In March, the daylight is not long enough for the full development of the sprouts, so they are illuminated with the help of various devices: daylight lamps, LED lamps, phytolamps.
Eggplant seedlings require constant soil moisture. To do this, use warm, settled water. It must be brought under the root very carefully so that the liquid does not wash the ground and does not harm the delicate leaves.
Seedlings are fed with substances that contain nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Therefore, solutions prepared on the basis of superphosphate, potassium sulfate and urea will be useful. Fertilizers are applied in 2 stages:
- in phase 2 of true leaves;
- two weeks after the previous one.
If the seeds are sown in a common box, then in the phase of 1-2 real leaves, the plants dive. To do this, a day before the procedure they are abundantly watered. Take containers with a volume of 200-250 ml, fall asleep with a soil mixture for seedlings. Make a hole. Seedlings with a spatula are removed from the vessels along with a lump of earth. If the central root is long, you need to pinch it. The plant is laid in a hole, watered, covered with earth and compacted.
Excellent result from good seedlings
Plants are planted in open ground when the threat of repeated frosts passes, and the air and soil warm up well. The optimum temperature for the proper development of eggplant is 22-24 ° C, with indicators below 13-14 ° C they suspend growth. The landing is carried out in mid-May - early June. Seedlings should have 5-6 true leaves and be 9-10 cm tall.
The soil is prepared in the fall. Eggplant Vera prefers light soils whose pH should be neutral. If the acidity is too high, it is neutralized by introducing lime or dolomite flour into the ground. You also need to saturate the soil with nutrients. For this purpose, organic fertilizers are embedded in it. For 1 square. m. make 1.5-2 buckets of rotted manure or compost, 20 g of potassium sulfate, 20 g of superphosphate.
In spring, nitrogen-containing products are also added (potassium nitrate - 20 g per 1 sq. M). Landing is done on a cloudy day according to the scheme 40 * 60 cm. A few days before this, the soil is loosened. Then they prepare the holes. Their depth should be 10 cm. 300-400 ml of warm, settled water are introduced into each. Plants are placed in them with an earthen lump or peat cups. Fall asleep with soil, slightly compacted. Lay a layer of mulch, which is taken as peat. Landings do not bother about 10 days. If the weather is sunny, eggplant shade.
To increase the quantity and quality of the crop, the crop needs to be fed. It is necessary to strictly adhere to the recommendations on the dosage of drugs, since an excess of minerals can lead to the opposite result: plants will grow green mass to the detriment of fruit formation. Fertilizer should be applied according to a certain scheme 3-4 times per season.
The first time top dressing is performed 2-3 weeks after disembarkation at a permanent place. To do this, eggplant is poured with a solution of substances that contain nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. 10 g of each product is added to 10 l of water. The following fertilizers are applied at intervals of 2-2.5 weeks, doubling the rate. The culture positively responds to complex preparations that are used according to the attached instructions.
Water should be applied in moderation, as plants cannot tolerate its deficiency or excess. Water the crop as the topsoil dries up. To do this, use a warm, settled liquid, which is applied only under the root.
After each moistening, the soil is loosened. In the aisles, the soil is planted to a depth of 10-12 cm, near the bushes - by 4-5 cm. At the same time, weeds should be removed so that they do not consume moisture and nutrients.
Diseases and Pests
According to the description, Vera eggplants are subject to fungal diseases, as well as the invasion of the Colorado potato beetle. Other pests are very rarely affected.
- Black leg - can be cured if the disease is in the initial stages of development. Affected plants are removed, the soil is treated with fungicides: in the form of powder - Glyokladin, in the form of a solution - Fitosporin, Alirin, Gamair, Planriz, KhOM, Previkur. If it is not possible to use such preparations, you need to sprinkle the soil with a mixture of ash, coal and river sand.
- Late blight - to combat use Bordeaux liquid or 0.2% solution of copper sulfate. Such drugs are effective: Quadris, Antracol, Consento. They also dust with wood ash.
Larvae and adults of the Colorado potato beetle are collected manually. To scare insects on the garden, marigolds or basil are planted.
Diseases and pests will not affect eggplants, if you follow these recommendations:
- disinfect the soil before planting seeds, because pathogens live in it;
- not to allow plentiful moistening of the earth;
- do not plant the crop on acidic soils;
- avoid thickening of landings;
- provide eggplant with good lighting;
- Do not oversaturate plants with nitrogen fertilizers;
- remove the tops of nightshade crops after harvesting.
To prevent the development of diseases, produce spraying with garlic tincture. To do this, take 200 g of chopped garlic, pour 3 liters of water, insist for several days. Before use, dilute with water in equal amounts. You can also treat plants with a solution of whey (ratio with water 1: 1). For preventive purposes, they are also sprayed with fungicides.
The Vera eggplant variety is gaining more and more popularity due to its high taste. Dishes prepared from these vegetables are very healthy, so they should be included in the menu of each family.