Akrokona ordinary spruce - coniferous tree with red cones
Conifers in modern landscape design are used as widely as deciduous. They do not impose special requirements on the soil, tolerate adverse weather conditions, and also look very effective in the garden at any time of the year. Lovers of beautiful and expressive plants will definitely like the durable Acrocon spruce.
Norway spruce Acrocon
It is known that for the first time this subspecies of common spruce was found at the end of the 19th century in a forest near the Swedish city of Uppsala. The tree got its unusual name because of the special bright cones of bright red color that form at the tips of twigs. Translated, “acro” means “at the end”, therefore the spruce is called Acrocona (Picea abies 'Acrocona').
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- Color : needles are saturated green, cones are bright red.
- Height : an adult tree grows up to 3-4 m in length.
- Crown width : depending on the cutting method, it can be up to 3 m in diameter.
- In which regions it grows : the growing area is vast - from the Urals to Western Europe.
- Features of planting : needs drainage, and also prefers drained sandy loam and loamy soils.
- Immunity : resistant to adverse weather conditions, diseases and pests.
- Life expectancy : Up to 50 years or more.
Due to undemanding soil and weather, this spruce grows on a vast territory - from the Urals to Western Europe. The life span of a tree is 30 to 50 years or more.
Coniferous beauty is asymmetric in its structure, but it does not spoil it at all, but rather gives a peculiar zest. The tree is quite miniature, so it will not clutter and obscure the area.
Adult spruce grows only 3-4 meters in height, its branches are slightly tilted down. The central trunk is often invisible.
The needles are saturated green, the young needles are lighter. The trunk is straight, the bark is thin with slight cracks and roughness.
The decoration is cones. Spruce is especially beautiful in spring, when it is strewn with them along with green shoots.
Planting and selection of seedlings
As practice shows, it is better to entrust the choice of seedling and its planting to experienced specialists. But if the owner of the site wants to plant a seedling on their own, then you need to choose the right place for it.
Landing is better in early spring, when the snow will melt. If necessary, planting is allowed in the fall before the first frost.
It is desirable to protect a young tree from sunshine
It is advisable to choose a sunny place, although a small partial shade will do.
In spring, young trees can suffer from sunburn, so the first couple of years, fir trees in which there is an intensive growth of new shoots, it is recommended to shade.
The landing pit is made quite deep - at least 50-60 cm. An important point is that the root neck when planting should be at ground level.
At the bottom of the pit, it is necessary to put a drainage of sand and crushed brick. It is also recommended to prepare a mixture of sheet and turf land, peat and sand and place it in a pit.
The first week after planting, young spruce should be abundantly watered. In the future, the procedure is carried out 1-2 times in 7 days.
It should be borne in mind that the plant does not tolerate both stagnation of water and dry soil, although it is quite resistant to their short-term effects. In the hot season, it is advisable to sprinkle the crown.
Coniferous growers recommend feeding the root system after planting.
For this, you can use 100-150 g nitroammofoski. Then, approximately 2 times a season, special fertilizers must be applied for this crop.
Mulching and loosening the soil
Norway spruce Acrocon responds well to periodic loosening of the soil. As necessary, you need to slightly loosen the soil to a depth of 5-6 cm, so as not to damage the closely located root system.
While the plant is young, when loosening under the root, you can add a little peat. It is desirable to cover young fir-trees under winter with a spruce branches.
Pruning should be done in early summer
Trimming the conifer depends on what crown the site owner wants to see. The spruce transfers any haircut normally, the pruning period is the beginning of summer, when the active growth of tree branches stops.
Acrocon spruce does not require special shelters for the winter and calmly tolerates even frosts of -35 °. It is recommended to cover only young trees.
To really grow Acrocona spruce on the site, rather than an ordinary conifer, it is necessary to purchase planting material in specialized nurseries.
They sell high-quality grafted seedlings with good immunity to the weather conditions of the region. The price of a plant depends on its height, age and diameter of the crown and can be from 15, 000 rubles.
Diseases and Pests
Possible diseases ate:
- stem and root rot;
- necrosis of the cortex;
- ulcerative (wound) cancer;
- rust cones.
Sometimes a tree is affected by pests, in particular, a spruce leafworm, spider mite, and Sith aphid.
Use in landscape design
It can be used as a solitary tree in small areas. Most often planted as the main element in Japanese compositions, rocky or heather gardens.
From several conifers you can make a real impenetrable fence. Also recommended for fans of unusual plants.
According to gardeners, in recent years, various types of fir trees, including Acrocon, have experienced a full house in landscape design.
Indeed, a falling crown or branches in the form of an arch or cone with unusual red cones is not only beautiful, but also benefits others.
Spruce releases many phytoncides into the air, which have antimicrobial and antifungal effects. It also softens the microclimate, helps to restrain wind gusts and absorbs noise and dust.